Campagna

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For other uses, see Campagna (disambiguation).
Comune di Campagna
Comune
Tenza river and bridge of piazza Guerriero
Tenza river and bridge of piazza Guerriero
Coat of arms of Comune di Campagna
Coat of arms
Campagna within the Province of Salerno
Campagna within the Province of Salerno
Comune di Campagna is located in Italy
Comune di Campagna
Comune di Campagna
Location of Comune di Campagna in Italy
Coordinates: 40°40′N 15°6′E / 40.667°N 15.100°E / 40.667; 15.100
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Frazioni Camaldoli, Galdo, Mattinelle, Puglietta, Quadrivio, Romandola-Madonna del Ponte, Santa Maria La Nova, Serradarce.
Government
 • Mayor Biagio Luongo
Area
 • Total 135.41 km2 (52.28 sq mi)
Elevation 270 m (890 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 16,183
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demonym Campagnesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84022
Dialing code 0828
Patron saint Antoninus of Sorrento
Saint day 14 February
Website Official website
Palazzo Tercasio, the first print office of Principality of Salerno
Palazzo di Città: the cloister
Ruin of Gerione castle

Campagna (Italian: pronounced [kamˈpaɲːa]) is a small town and comune of the province of Salerno, in the Campania region of Southern Italy. In 2010 its population was 16,183.[1]

History[edit]

The town, located in a mountainous district, gradually lost importance in the 20th century. All its district offices have been moved to other cities since the 1930s, and the Diocese of Campagna merged with the Archdiocese of Salerno in 1973.

During World War II, the Campagna was the site of an internment camp. The Bishop Giuseppe Maria Palatucci turned the camp into a shelter for Italian and foreign Jews, many of them sent there for protection by his nephew Giovanni Palatucci; Giovanni was later honored as a Righteous Among the Nations by the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial. Much of this is documented in Elizabeth Bettina's book, It Happened in Italy.

Geography[edit]

Campagna borders with Acerno, Contursi Terme, Eboli, Olevano sul Tusciano, Oliveto Citra, Postiglione, Serre and Senerchia (this one in the Province of Avellino),

The municipality counts the frazioni of Camaldoli, Galdo, Mattinelle, Puglietta, Quadrivio, Romandola-Madonna del Ponte, Santa Maria La Nova and Serradarce. Other localities are Avigliano, Folcata, Oppidi-Varano, Saginara and Sant'Angelo.

Main sights[edit]

Castles, palaces, fountains and bridges[edit]

  • Castle Gerione (10th century)
  • Castle De Alegisio (10th century)
  • Palazzo di Città (13th century)
  • Palace Ducale Pironti (1694)
  • Palazzo Tercasio (14th century)
  • Palazzo dei Governatori dei Principi di Monaco (15th century)
  • Palazzo Rivelli (14th century-17th century)
  • Palazzo Pastore-Alinante (16th century)
  • Palazzo Bernalla (14th century)
  • Palazzo Trotta (16th century)
  • Fountain Giudeca (15th century)
  • Fountain S.Lucia (15th century)
  • Fountain Cortiglia (15th century)
  • Bridge of Presbyteres (15th century)
  • Bridge of piazza Guerriero (15th century)

Churches, religious buildings and structures[edit]

  • Basilica co-cathedral of Santa Maria della Pace (1112-1683)
  • Church and convent Dominican of San Bartolomeo (14th century)
  • Shrine of Madonna di Avigliano (1377)
  • Church of SS. Annunziata (13th century)
  • Church of SS Salvatore e Sant'Antonino (11th century)
  • Church of S.Giovanni (16th century)
  • Seminary di S. Spirito (15th century)
  • Monastery of Maddalena (14th century)
  • Church and convent of Osservanti della Concezione (15th century)
  • Abbey of Santa Maria La Nova (1220–1249)
  • Monastery of San Martino (16th century)
  • Hermitage of S.Erasmo e S.Giacomo degli eremiti (11th century)
  • Hermitage of San Michele di Montenero (12th century)
  • Hermitage of S. Maria Domenica (16th century)

Museums[edit]

  • Itinerario della Memoria e della Pace
  • Museo della confraternita dei cinturati di Santa Maria del Soccorso

Nature reserve[edit]

  • Oasi naturale del Monte Polveracchio
  • Oasi di Persano
  • Riserva naturale Foce Sele-Tanagro

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Italian) Source: Istat 2010

External links[edit]

Media related to Campagna at Wikimedia Commons