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Campaspe River at Elmore
|Part of||Murray River|
|- left||Coliban River|
|Cities||Kyneton, Redesdale, Elmore, Rochester, Echuca|
|Source||Great Dividing Range|
|- location||Wombat State Forest near Bullengarook|
|- elevation||679 m (2,228 ft)|
|- elevation||98 m (322 ft)|
|Length||232 km (144 mi)|
|- average||28 m3/s (989 cu ft/s)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Campaspe River|
The Campaspe River is a river in Victoria, Australia. It was named by Major Mitchell in 1836 for Campaspe, a mistress of Alexander the Great. The river was known as yalooka by the local aboriginal people of the Rochester area.
The Campaspe River begins in the Wombat State Forest northwest of Bullengarook and southwest of Macedon, near Ashbourne and Firth Park, a local camping ground and historical area. The river then flows west of the township of Woodend and then through the town of Kyneton. The Calder Freeway crosses the river three times near Kyneton.
The river meets the Murray River near the town of Echuca.
After European settlement, native vegetation was removed from part of the area, which was replanted with willow trees and hedgerows of hawthorn bushes, some of the latter remaining today.
Over a number of years the willow growth has been progressively cleared and eradicated by local groups of volunteers. The willow-free parts of the river have been subsequently replanted with indigenous species. Walking routes and cycle tracks have been installed along one bank of the river, creating a sustainable leisure resource for the town.
Europeans arrived in the upper catchment area in 1834.
- Mitchell, Thomas (1838), Three Expeditions into the interior of Eastern Australia, Vol 2, London: Boone, entry for 5 October 1836
- Blair's Guide, Travel Guide to Victoria and Melbourne, ed. 6. Victoria: Universal Press. 1994. p. 301. ISBN 0-7319-0608-X.
- "Map of Campaspe River, QLD". Retrieved 21 May 2013.
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