Campbell County, Kentucky

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Campbell County, Kentucky
Campbell county courthouse newport ky.jpg
The Campbell County Courthouse in Newport
Map of Kentucky highlighting Campbell County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1794
Named for John Campbell
Seat Alexandria and Newport
Largest city Fort Thomas
Area
 • Total 159 sq mi (412 km2)
 • Land 151 sq mi (391 km2)
 • Water 8.1 sq mi (21 km2), 5.1%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 90,988
 • Density 597/sq mi (231/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.campbellcountyky.org

Campbell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 90,336.[1] Its county seats are Alexandria and Newport.[2] The county was formed on December 17, 1794, from sections of Scott, Harrison, and Mason Counties[3][4] and was named for Colonel John Campbell (1735–1799), a Revolutionary War soldier.

Campbell County is part of the Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Campbell County was founded December 17, 1794, two years after the creation of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, becoming the state's 19th county. Campbell County was carved out of Scott, Harrison and Mason counties.[5] The original county included all of present Boone, Kenton, Pendleton, and most of Bracken and Grant counties. Campbell County is named in honor of John Campbell,[6] an Irish immigrant who was a soldier, explorer, statesman and one of the drafters of the Kentucky Constitution.

The first courthouse, built of logs, was replaced in 1815 by a brick structure. The present courthouse dates from 1884.[7]

County seat[edit]

Wilmington, a pioneer settlement, was the original county seat of Campbell County from 1794 until 1797. Newport was then the county seat until 1823, when it was moved to Visalia, at that time closer to the geographical center. This was an unpopular move, however, as the overwhelming majority of residents lived in the north, along the Ohio River. The court returned to Newport in 1824 and remained there until 1840.

In 1840, Kenton County was created, primarily out of a significant portion of Campbell. The Kentucky General Assembly then forced the county to move its seat to Alexandria, closer to the center of the new, smaller Campbell County. In 1883, after years of lobbying, the General Assembly established a special provision to allow Newport to designate a Court House District separate from the offices in Alexandria.

The special Courthouse Commission legislation led to the misconception that the county was dual seated, but Alexandria remained the sole de jure county seat[8] until a court ruling on November 24, 2010, finally granted Newport equal status.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 159 square miles (410 km2), of which 151 square miles (390 km2) is land and 8.1 square miles (21 km2) (5.1%) is water.[9] It is the fourth-smallest county in Kentucky by land area and fifth-smallest by total area. It lies along the Ohio and Licking Rivers.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,903
1810 3,473 82.5%
1820 7,022 102.2%
1830 9,883 40.7%
1840 5,214 −47.2%
1850 13,127 151.8%
1860 20,909 59.3%
1870 27,406 31.1%
1880 37,440 36.6%
1890 44,208 18.1%
1900 54,223 22.7%
1910 59,369 9.5%
1920 61,868 4.2%
1930 73,391 18.6%
1940 71,918 −2.0%
1950 76,196 5.9%
1960 86,803 13.9%
1970 88,704 2.2%
1980 83,317 −6.1%
1990 83,866 0.7%
2000 88,616 5.7%
2010 90,336 1.9%
Est. 2013 90,988 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 88,616 people, 34,742 households, and 23,103 families residing in the county. The population density was 585 per square mile (226 /km2). There were 36,898 housing units at an average density of 244 per square mile (94 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.64% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. This number has decreased to about 0.2% based on a 2006 Census Estimate by the United States Census Bureau.

There were 34,742 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09.

The age distribution was 25.60% under 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,903, and the median income for a family was $51,481. Males had a median income of $37,931 versus $27,646 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,637. About 7.30% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

There are 7 school districts in Campbell County (6 Public and 1 Private). Students in the county attend one of 6 public and 2 parochial high schools. Northern Kentucky University located in Highland Heights provides the area with access to higher education.

Public high schools[edit]

Private high schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Campbell County Courthouse and county historical marker in Alexandria, Kentucky

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "[1]".
  3. ^ "Campbell County Kentucky GenWeb".
  4. ^ "Campbell County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  6. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34. 
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 248. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  8. ^ The Kentucky Enquirer: "Judge: Alexandria the only county seat". 12 May 2009. Accessed 28 May 2009.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°57′N 84°23′W / 38.95°N 84.38°W / 38.95; -84.38