Campbellsville, Kentucky

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Campbellsville, Kentucky
City
Downtown Campbellsville
Downtown Campbellsville
Official seal of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Seal
Location of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Location of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°20′45″N 85°20′44″W / 37.34583°N 85.34556°W / 37.34583; -85.34556Coordinates: 37°20′45″N 85°20′44″W / 37.34583°N 85.34556°W / 37.34583; -85.34556
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Taylor
Area
 • Total 6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2)
 • Land 6.0 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 10,759
 • Density 1,820.1/sq mi (679.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 42718-42719
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-12160
GNIS feature ID 0488742
Website www.campbellsville.us

Campbellsville is a 3rd-class city in Taylor County, Kentucky, United States. The population within city limits was 10,604 at the 2010 U.S. census. It is the seat of its county,[1] and the home of Campbellsville University. Campbellsville is twinned with Buncrana in County Donegal, Ireland.

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1817 and laid out by Andrew Campbell, who had moved there from Augusta County, Virginia. Campbell owned a gristmill and a tavern and began selling lots in Campbellsville in 1814. Campbellsville became the county seat when Taylor County was separated from Green County in 1848. The city agreed to sell the public square to the county for one dollar so a courthouse could be built there.

The first courthouse was burned by Confederate cavalry in 1864 because the Union Army was using it for barracks. A replacement courthouse was built on the same site after the war. A third courthouse in a modern design was built in 1965 on a property adjoining the "old courthouse". A portion of the old courthouse still stands near the current (3rd) courthouse.

New Justice Center October 2009

Construction began in 2008 on a new Justice Center because of the demand for a more modern courthouse and for an "official" county jail to save on transport of inmates to neighboring Lebanon in Marion County.

Historic sites[edit]

Campbellsville has several historic sites as listed under Taylor County in the National Register of Historic Places listings in Kentucky. The Campbellsville Historic Commercial District includes several blocks of Main Street. The most notable structure in this district is Merchant Tower, (formally Merchants Hotel) which has Romanesque architecture and is listed individually on the National Register of Historical Places since 1980.

Just north of Campbellsville is the Spurlington Tunnel, once used by local railroads, but which is no longer in service. It is about 1,900 feet long; approximately one-third of the way in, there is a shaft to the top that once vented smoke from steam locomotives.

Downtown[edit]

Downtown Campbellsville includes a Main Street and a designated historic district. The 100 and 200 blocks of Main Street are lined with century old brick, stone, and iron buildings with Italianate architecture facades. Since 2008, Campbellsville has been undergoing a revitalization with the help of a Main Street Manager. Campbellsville is known regionally for its Fourth Of July celebration.

Education[edit]

Campbellsville is home to a private university, Campbellsville University. Campbellsville has two public schools Taylor County High School and Campbellsville High School.

Industry[edit]

In the 20th century, Campbellsville was a regional center of industry (agriculture, lumber, textiles, milling, automotive, distribution, oil and gas, light manufacturing, education, health care, and tourism).

In the 21st century, the local university, health care system, and ubiquitous access to the internet attract students and professionals.

For decades, employment in the area was dominated by a large textile plant, formerly Union Underwear and now Fruit of the Loom, but it closed in 1998 along with (shortly thereafter) the Indiana-based Batesville Casket Company.[2] Amazon.com filled the employment void, and ten other businesses either located or relocated to Taylor County over the next several years.

Campbellsville is home to an Amazon.com "regional fulfillment center" (i.e., warehouse).

Parker-Kalon Company, a division of Black and Decker Corporation, is located here as well. It has produced threaded and non-threaded fasteners for the automotive, appliance, metal building construction, and electronic industries since the late 1960s.

The area is home to wood milling companies that produce interior trim products (Cox Interior, Wholesale Hardwoods).

An expanding health care industry serves the region of 110,000 people. Taylor Regional Hospital is one of the largest employers. In 2008, TRH served 86,100 patients.[3]

In 1969, there was a booming oil business that was shut down due to environmental concerns of excess salt water disposal. In 2008, attempts were being made to revitalize oil reserves estimated at 200,000,000 barrels (32,000,000 m3) Original Oil-In-Place (OOIP).

Campbellsville Industries (CI) "The Steeple People (tm)" is the oldest and largest steeple and tower manufacturer in the United States.[4] CI has over 15,000 installations located throughout the United States and Canada. CI claims the record for the world's largest prefabricated church steeple at 229' at the First Baptist Church in Huntsville, Alabama.[5]

Tourism is also part of the local economy due to the proximity of Green River Lake and Green River Lake State Park.

Campbellsville is also home to the last Druther's (a.k.a. Burger Queen) restaurant in existence.

Media[edit]

  • The local twice-weekly newspaper, Central Kentucky News-Journal,[6] has been published since 1910.

Geography[edit]

Campbellsville is located at 37°20′45″N 85°20′44″W / 37.34583°N 85.34556°W / 37.34583; -85.34556 (37.345951, -85.345444).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), of which 6.0 square miles (16 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.65%) is water.

US 68, KY 55, KY 210, and KY 70 pass through Campbellsville.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 512
1880 775 51.4%
1890 1,018 31.4%
1900 1,341 31.7%
1910 1,206 −10.1%
1920 1,535 27.3%
1930 1,923 25.3%
1940 2,488 29.4%
1950 3,477 39.8%
1960 6,966 100.3%
1970 7,598 9.1%
1980 8,715 14.7%
1990 9,577 9.9%
2000 10,498 9.6%
2010 9,108 −13.2%
U.S. Census Bureau[8]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 9.018 people, 3,764 households, and 2,160 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,760.9 people per square mile (680.1/km²). There were 4,114 housing units at an average density of 817.9 per square mile (315.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.11% White, 8.74% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 4,114 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 14.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,922, and the median income for a family was $30,643. Males had a median income of $26,672 versus $19,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,996. About 18.7% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.6% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Campbellsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Company News; Fruit of Loom to Cut 800 Jobs in Another Plant Closing". New York Times. 1998-04-16. 
  3. ^ TRH 2008 Annual Report
  4. ^ "Home". Cvilleindustries.com. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Home". Cvilleindustries.com. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "CKNJ.com". CKNJ.com. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Retrieved on 2010-03-12
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Campbellsville, Kentucky

External links[edit]