Camperdown, Victoria

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Camperdown
Victoria
Camperdown main street.jpg
Manifold Street Camperdown looking east toward the clock tower and war memorial
Camperdown is located in Corangamite Shire
Camperdown
Camperdown
Location in the Shire of Corangamite
Coordinates 38°14′S 143°09′E / 38.233°S 143.150°E / -38.233; 143.150Coordinates: 38°14′S 143°09′E / 38.233°S 143.150°E / -38.233; 143.150
Population 3,463 (2011)[1]
Established 1854
Postcode(s) 3260
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Corangamite Shire
State electorate(s) Polwarth
Federal Division(s) Wannon
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
19.1 °C
66 °F
8.1 °C
47 °F
762.4 mm
30 in

Camperdown /ˈkæmpədn/[2] is an historically significant rural town in southwestern Victoria, Australia, 194 kilometres (121 mi) west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2011 census, Camperdown had a population of 3,463.[1]

History[edit]

The Djargurd Wurrung people are the traditional aboriginal people of the Camperdown area, who had lived in the area for thousands of years as a semi-nomadic hunter gatherer society.

The first British settlers arrived in the area from Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) after 1835 to establish sheep runs. Although settlement was met with resistance by some of the local aborigines, the town's history also records remarkable instances of mutual assistance and friendship between native and settler peoples. Notable on this account is the family of David Fenton, the Scottish Presbyterian shepherd and drover who built the first house in Camperdown in 1853.[3]

In 1883 Wombeetch Puuyuun (also known as Camperdown George) died at the age of 43 and was buried in a bog outside the bounds of Camperdown Cemetery. His friend, James Dawson was shocked at this burial upon his return from a trip to Scotland, and personally reburied Wombeetch in Camperdown Cemetery. He appealed for money to raise a monument, but with little public support, primarily funded the monument himself. The 7 metre obelisk was erected as a memorial to Wombeetch Puuyuun and the aborigines of the district,[4] and has been described as being still inspiring today.[5]

The town was surveyed in 1851 and named Camperdown after the Scottish naval hero Lord Viscount Adam Duncan the Earl of Camperdown. The first dwelling was erected on the site of the present Commercial Hotel in 1853 [6] and the Post Office opened on January 1, 1854 replacing an earlier one in the area named Timboon.[7]

It became the service centre for the vast pastoral empires of the region. The Port Fairy railway line was opened in 1883,[8] and later extended as part of the line to the southwest of the state.

By the mid 20th century Camperdown had emerged as a more diverse centre for dairy farming which drew on its rich volcanic soil, for woolgrowing and for produce processing industries. By the late 20th century the town had become a major centre for tourism because of its unspoiled 19th century architecture and as a gateway to the southern tourist attractions of the Otway Ranges, the Great Ocean Road and the 'Shipwreck Coast'. In more recent years, however, the drought in Australia in the 21st has affected Camperdown's dairy industry.

Geography[edit]

Lake Bullen-Merri at Sunset.

Camperdown lies within the 'Lakes and Craters' region, sitting at the foot of Mount Leura which together with nearby Mount Sugarloaf are part of a large extinct volcanic complex known as the "Leura Maar".[9] To the immediate west are the deep volcanic crater lakes Bullen-Merri and Gnotuk while to the east is the crater lake Purrumbete popular for its Trout and Chinook Salmon fishing.

It is the starting point of the Crater to Coast Rail Trail which, when completed, will reach Port Campbell. It currently terminates in Timboon.

Features[edit]

The town is renowned for its classic historical buildings. Central is the 103-foot (31 m) high Gothic Manifold Clock Tower, built 1897, which sits in a wide Elm lined median between the dual carriageways of Manifold Street, named in honour of one of the pioneer pastoralists. Tower, avenue, Boer War memorial, Soldiers' memorial, memorial cross and JC Manifold statue are all listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.

Among the many other classic buildings are the 1886-7 two storey Georgian style Court House, the 1863 two storey bluestone (granite) Post Office, Theatre Royal (1890) and Masonic Hall (1867–68).

Local government[edit]

Originally, Camperdown was part of the East Riding of the Shire of Hampden, which was incorporated in 1857. On 9 September 1952, Camperdown severed and incorporated as a separate borough. It became a town on 21 January 1959.[10] See Town of Camperdown.

On 23 September 1994, the Town was abolished, and merged with Shire of Hampden, most of Shire of Heytesbury and parts of Colac, Mortlake and the area around Princetown on the Great Ocean Road into the Shire of Corangamite.[11]

The Town of Camperdown was not subdivided into wards, and the nine councillors represented the entire area

Transport[edit]

Camperdown is situated on the Princes Highway (A1), which is the main through road and also the main street (Manifold Street). A dual carriageway with a large central reservation and secondary service street runs through the centre of town. The highway runs west to Terang and beyond to Warrnambool and east to Colac and beyond to Geelong. Secondary roads include the Camperdown-Lismore Road which heads north to Lismore and the Camperdown-Cobden Road (C164) which heads south to Cobden. Just west at Gnotuk is the Darlington Road (C173) which leads north to Darlington.

Road coaches (buses) provide links within Camperdown, to neighbouring towns and nearby cities (mainly V/Line) and these services include Cobden, Timboon, Simpson and the city of Ballarat.

The town's railway station is served by V/Line passenger services on the Warrnambool line linking it to the cities of Warrnambool, Geelong and beyond to Melbourne.

Community[edit]

The town has many sporting clubs. Archery, badminton, cricket, cycling, golf, horse riding, lawn bowls, squash and tennis, water skiing and yachting have competitions in and around the town. The town has an Australian Rules football team playing in the Hampden Football League.[12]

Camperdown has a horse racing club, the Camperdown Turf Club, which holds one race meetings a year, the Camperdown Cup meeting in January.[13]

Golfers play at the Camperdown Golf Club on Lake Bullen Merri Road.[14]

Notable citizens[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Camperdown (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  2. ^ Butler, S., ed. (2009). "Camperdown". Macquarie Dictionary (5th ed.). Sydney: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd. 1952 pages. ISBN 978-18-7642-966-9. 
  3. ^ Terang and District Pioneer Register Pre. 1900, 1996, p53
  4. ^ Chilla Bulbeck, Aborigines, memorials and the history of the frontier, in Australian Historical Studies, Volume 24, Issue 97 October 1991, pages 168 - 178.
  5. ^ Richard Broome, pp177-178, Aboriginal Victorians. A History Since 1800, Allen & Unwin, 2005 ISBN 1-74114-569-4
  6. ^ Gatewaybbs, Camperdown Attractions, retrieved 2008-07-21 
  7. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  8. ^ Sid Brown (March 1990), "Tracks Across the State", Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)): pages 71–76. 
  9. ^ Department of Primary Industry, Corangamite, retrieved 2008-07-21 
  10. ^ Victorian Municipal Directory, Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson, 1992, p. 542  Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995), Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 5, ISBN 0-642-23117-6, retrieved 2008-01-05 
  12. ^ Full Point Footy, Camperdown, retrieved 2008-07-25 [dead link]
  13. ^ Country Racing Victoria, Camperdown Turf Club, retrieved 2009-05-07 [dead link]
  14. ^ Golf Select, Camperdown, retrieved 2009-05-11 
  15. ^ http://www.horsedirectory.com.au/racinghistory/general/racing_personalities.html

External links[edit]