Campion Hall, Oxford

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Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford

Campion Hall

Campion Hall
                       
College name Campion Hall
Named after St. Edmund Campion
Established 1896
Master The Revd James Hanvey, S.J.
Undergraduates 1
Graduates 9
Location Brewer Street, Oxford

Campion Hall, Oxford is located in Oxford city centre
Campion Hall, Oxford

Location of Campion Hall within central OxfordCoordinates: 51°44′58″N 1°15′29″W / 51.749582°N 1.258032°W / 51.749582; -1.258032
www.campion.ox.ac.uk
Campion Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Blazon Argent on a cross sable a plate charged with a wolf's head erased of the second between in pale two billets of the field that in chief charged with a cinquefoil and that in base with a saltire gules and in fesse as many plates each charged with a campion flower leaved and slipped proper on a chief also of the second two branches of palm in saltire enfiled with a celestial crown or.

Campion Hall is one of the Permanent Private Halls of the University of Oxford in England. It is one of the smallest constituent institutions of the university, consisting of under forty members. It is run by the Society of Jesus and named after St. Edmund Campion, a martyr and Fellow of St John's College, Oxford.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The origins of Campion Hall began on 9 September 1896 when Fr. Richard Clarke, who was a former member of St. John's College, Oxford, opened a Private Hall called 'Clarke's Hall'. He was sent by his superiors from the Immaculate Conception Church, Farm Street to St. Aloysius Church to set up a hall for Jesuit undergraduates. He founded a small house at 40 St Giles', Oxford, and was the first Master of the hall. On 10 September 1896 the hall had its first four students. The hall allowed Jesuits to study for degrees from the University of Oxford.[1][2]

The rented accommodation that was originally used was too small and 15 months later the hall was moved to Middleton Hall at 11 St. Giles', this was leased to the Society of Jesus until 1936.[3]

Pope's Hall[edit]

In 1900, Fr. Clarke died suddenly at York, and with his death the hall ceased to exist. That year the hall was reopened as 'Pope's Hall' under Fr. O'Fallon Pope as Master, who continued to be Master until 1915. In 1902, he purchased 14 and 15 St Giles', and in 1903 No. 13 St Giles' was also bought.

Campion Hall[edit]

Fr. O'Fallon Pope was succeeded by Fr. Charles Plater, and the hall again changed its name, this time to 'Plater's Hall'.[4]

In 1918, the hall was granted permanent status[5] and changed its name to Campion Hall after St. Edmund Campion, an English Jesuit and martyr who had been a Fellow at St. John's College. Permanent Private Halls (PPH) within the University of Oxford were established for the reception of students on the condition that they are not for purposes of profit. As well as Campion Hall, the other Permanent Private Halls at the time were St. Benet's Hall and St. Peter's Hall.

In 1921 Fr. Plater died and Fr. Henry Keane was appointed Master of Campion Hall, until his retirement in 1926. He was succeeded by Fr. Ernest G. Vignaux, who was Master until 1933. At that time, there were plans for the building of a new hall in St. Giles'. He was succeeded as Master by Fr. Martin D'Arcy till 1945.

Moving to Brewer Street[edit]

In 1933, when Fr. D'Arcy became Master, the lease of the St. Giles property had only three years to run,[6][7] so in 1935 a project of building in St. Giles was dropped and a new home was found in Brewer Street.[4] The properties in St. Giles's were subsequently sold to St. John's College.

External view of Campion Hall with the chapel (right), from Brewer Street.

Brewer Street, also known as 'Sleying Lane' was occupied in the medieval period by brewers and butchers.[8] There is a long history of brewing in Oxford. Several of the colleges had private breweries, one of which, Brasenose College, survived until 1889. In the 16th century, brewing and malting appeared to have been the most popular trades in the city. By 1874 there were nine breweries in Oxford and 13 brewers' agents in Oxford shipping beer in from elsewhere, Brewer Street was no exception.

At Brewer Street, Campion Hall bought two buildings, one a large and ancient lodging house, known as 'Micklem Hall', which in the past belonged to Hall's Brewery. It was owned by a brewer named Micklem (1820–70). The second building was a garage which had once been the stables for the horses which pulled the Oxford trams. The garage was demolished, as well as some of the rooms of Micklem Hall, with others incorporated into the new building.[9]

The new building was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and completed in 1936. The building was Grade II* listed in 1954.[10] It is the only building in Oxford designed by Lutyens, although in 1928 he did design the fountain in Tom Quad at nearby Christ Church.[11] The style of Lutyens's exterior has been compared to 17th-century Cotswold architecture.[12] The chapel has a semi-circular apse with a baldachin,[13] and Lutyens provided chapel light fittings having red tassels like those on a cardinal's hat.[12]

From 1912, Lutyens laid out New Delhi as the new capital of India.[14] He devised an architectural Delhi Order there, with small bells hanging from the capitals of the columns,[15] and subsequently made use of it in his design for Campion Hall, including in the columns supporting the baldachin in the chapel.[13]

Fr. D'Arcy continued as Master of Campion Hall until 1945, when he was succeeded by Fr. Thomas Corbishley.

Status[edit]

Campion Hall is run by the Society of Jesus and gives lodging to the Jesuit academic community within University of Oxford. It is a Permanent Private Hall whose members possess the same privileges as members of other colleges. It has an international student body including not only Jesuits, but also priests of other Roman Catholic orders and congregations. Admission is usually only open to clergy, although sometimes exceptions are made for laymen.[16]

Refectory[edit]

Members of the Hall are entitled to invite guests for a meal (so-called Guest Night). There are common tables at which Fathers, students, and guests can sit freely.

Lost Michelangelo[edit]

Michelangelo: Crucifixion of Christ, 1540

In 2011, a painting "The Crucifixion of Jesus" which had been hanging in a hall of Campion Hall was thought to have been a long-lost Michelangelo masterpiece worth £100 million. The painting was bought by Fr. Martin D'Arcy when he was Master of Campion Hall at a Sotheby's auction in the 1930s. Some experts argue that the painting dates from towards the end of Michelangelo's life when his eyesight was failing, so is more likely to be a painting by Marcello Venusti.

The painting was removed from its position on a wall in Campion Hall and sent to the Ashmolean Museum for safekeeping.[17][18]

Masters[edit]

  • Fr. Richard Clarke (1896–1900)
  • Fr. O'Fallon Pope (1900–1915)
  • Fr. Charles Plater (1915–1921)
  • Fr. Henry Keane (1921–1926)
  • Fr. Ernest G. Vignaux (1926–1933)
  • Fr. Martin D'Arcy (1933–1945)[19]
  • Fr. Thomas Corbishley (1945–1958)[20]
  • Fr. Anthony Doyle (1958–1962)
  • Fr. Derek Hansell (1962–1965)
  • Fr. Edward Yarnold (1965–1972)[21]
  • Fr. Benjamin Winterborn (1972–1978)
  • Fr. Paul Edwards (1978–1985)[22][23]
  • Fr. Peter Hackett (1985–1989)
  • Rev. Dr. Joseph Munitiz (1989–1998)[24][25]
  • Rev. Dr. Gerard J Hughes (1998–2006)[26]
  • Rev. Dr. Peter L'Estrange (2006–2008)
  • Fr. Brendan Callaghan (2008–2013)
  • Rev. Dr. James Hanvey (2013–present)

The current Master of Campion Hall is the Rev. Dr. James Hanvey SJ.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Reckoned Expense: Edmund Campion And The Early English Jesuit, page ix, Woodbridge 1996
  2. ^ "Catholic Herald". Retrieved on 20 January 2013
  3. ^ "Headington.co.org".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013
  4. ^ a b "British History Online".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013
  5. ^ "Jesuitinstitute". Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  6. ^ The Fordham Ram, Fr.d'Arcy Assumes University Post, page.1, New York, 20 October 1939, No.5
  7. ^ "Catholicherald". Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  8. ^ "Consultation.oxford.gov.uk". PDF document. Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  9. ^ "British History Online".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  10. ^ "Campion Hall (including chapel)". The National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Richardson, Margaret (1981). "Catalogue of Works by Sir Edwin Lutyens". Lutyens: The Work of the English Architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944). London: Arts Council of Great Britain. p. 196. ISBN 0-7287-0304-1. 
  12. ^ a b Amery, Colin (1981). "Campion Hall, Brewer Street". Lutyens: The Work of the English Architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944). London: Arts Council of Great Britain. p. 146. ISBN 0-7287-0304-1. 
  13. ^ a b Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin. p. 161. ISBN 0-04-720023-5. 
  14. ^ Gradidge (1981), p. 69.
  15. ^ Gradidge (1981), p. 151.
  16. ^ "Admissions". Retrieved on 20 January 2013
  17. ^ Cohen, Tamara (13 July 2011). "Dailymail". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  18. ^ "BBC". BBC News. 11 July 2011. Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  19. ^ "British History Online". 
  20. ^ "Painting of Father Thomas Corbishley".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  21. ^ "Indcatholicnews".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  22. ^ "www.theway.org.co.uk".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013.
  23. ^ "Oxford University Gazette".  Retrieved on 22 January 2013.
  24. ^ "The Claims of the Prtimacy and the Costly Call to Unity by Archbishop John R. Quinn".  Retrieved on 22 January 2013.
  25. ^ "Catechism The Making: Questions and Answers in the Eighth Century and Today by Joseph Munitiz SJ p.1, Brisbane". 1993.  Retrieved on 22 January 2013.
  26. ^ "Biography of Gerard J Hughes".  Retrieved on 20 January 2013.

External links[edit]