Campo Imperatore Near-Earth Object Survey

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Observatory of Campo Imperatore, Gran Sasso
Asteroids discovered: 187
39335 Caccin January 10, 2002
39336 Mariacapria January 11, 2002
(52030) 2002 PX33 August 6, 2002
64975 Gianrix January 10, 2002
65001 Teodorescu January 9, 2002
65357 Antoniucci July 12, 2002
73442 Feruglio July 10, 2002
73465 Buonanno July 10, 2002
(73529) 2003 OF1 July 22, 2003
(73534) 2003 OD7 July 24, 2003
(73539) 2003 OW18 July 30, 2003
(73551) 2003 QV August 18, 2003
(78123) 2002 NQ5 July 10, 2002
(78124) 2002 NH6 July 11, 2002
78125 Salimbeni July 11, 2002
78249 Capaccioni August 4, 2002
78252 Priscio August 5, 2002
(78309) 2002 PV65 August 5, 2002
(78310) 2002 PW65 August 5, 2002
(78453) 2002 RD26 September 3, 2002
78534 Renmir September 6, 2002
78535 Carloconti September 6, 2002
78652 Quero October 3, 2002
78661 Castelfranco October 2, 2002
(78819) 2003 QQ6 August 20, 2003
(78830) 2003 QV24 August 22, 2003
(78844) 2003 QO51 August 22, 2003
(78857) 2003 QO70 August 22, 2003
(78943) 2003 SL171 September 18, 2003
(78948) 2003 SM192 September 20, 2003
84012 Deluise August 2, 2002
(84015) 2002 PV34 August 5, 2002
(84100) 2002 RP8 September 3, 2002
(84118) 2002 RE26 September 3, 2002
(84119) 2002 RF26 September 3, 2002
(84120) 2002 RY27 September 4, 2002
(84339) 2002 TR57 October 2, 2002
(90278) 2003 DH9 February 24, 2003
(95020) 2002 AV12 January 10, 2002
(95760) 2003 EF41 March 9, 2003
(95783) 2003 FJ6 March 27, 2003
(95895) 2003 HF12 April 25, 2003
(95951) 2003 QG6 August 18, 2003
(95955) 2003 QX32 August 21, 2003
(96028) 2004 PD30 August 8, 2004
(96033) 2004 PE36 August 9, 2004
(110702) 2001 TR216 October 13, 2001
(111571) 2002 AD13 January 11, 2002
(112320) 2002 MB1 June 19, 2002
(112337) 2002 NR4 July 10, 2002
(112338) 2002 NX5 July 10, 2002
(112339) 2002 NF6 July 11, 2002
(112340) 2002 NN6 July 11, 2002
(112492) 2002 PA6 August 2, 2002
(112527) 2002 PJ33 August 5, 2002
(112947) 2002 RQ8 September 3, 2002
(113208) 2002 RR114 September 5, 2002
(113213) 2002 RM118 September 6, 2002
(113219) 2002 RU119 September 7, 2002
(113237) 2002 RH126 September 8, 2002
(113620) 2002 TR61 October 3, 2002
(113621) 2002 TA62 October 3, 2002
(113622) 2002 TE62 October 3, 2002
(113623) 2002 TO63 October 3, 2002
(113626) 2002 TZ65 October 4, 2002
(113659) 2002 TQ85 October 2, 2002
(113660) 2002 TX85 October 2, 2002
(113661) 2002 TE86 October 2, 2002
(113673) 2002 TU97 October 2, 2002
(113683) 2002 TB111 October 2, 2002
(113684) 2002 TG111 October 2, 2002
(114608) 2003 DC7 February 23, 2003
(114611) 2003 DE9 February 24, 2003
(114612) 2003 DV12 February 26, 2003
(114613) 2003 DS15 February 25, 2003
(114735) 2003 HP9 April 24, 2003
(114738) 2003 HQ12 April 23, 2003
(114739) 2003 HR12 April 23, 2003
(114740) 2003 HB14 April 25, 2003
(114813) 2003 OB7 July 24, 2003
(114815) 2003 OO9 July 24, 2003
(114824) 2003 OB17 July 29, 2003
(114825) 2003 OD17 July 29, 2003
114828 Ricoromita July 30, 2003
114829 Chierchia July 23, 2003
(114862) 2003 QF1 August 19, 2003
(114863) 2003 QH1 August 19, 2003
(114864) 2003 QM1 August 19, 2003
(114865) 2003 QP2 August 19, 2003
(114866) 2003 QU2 August 19, 2003
(114869) 2003 QX5 August 18, 2003
(114870) 2003 QF7 August 20, 2003
(114874) 2003 QY10 August 20, 2003
(114886) 2003 QN16 August 20, 2003
(114900) 2003 QU24 August 22, 2003
115051 Safaeinili September 4, 2003
(115142) 2003 SM64 September 18, 2003
(115143) 2003 SO64 September 18, 2003
(115144) 2003 SQ64 September 18, 2003
(115145) 2003 SD65 September 18, 2003
(115146) 2003 SK66 September 18, 2003
(115147) 2003 SU66 September 19, 2003
(115148) 2003 SZ66 September 19, 2003
(115183) 2003 SO94 September 19, 2003
(115218) 2003 SF140 September 19, 2003
(115233) 2003 SH145 September 20, 2003
(117071) 2004 KO13 May 19, 2004
(117081) 2004 LB11 June 10, 2004
(117123) 2004 PZ35 August 8, 2004
(117310) 2004 VA23 November 5, 2004
(117311) 2004 VD23 November 5, 2004
(117324) 2004 WW4 November 18, 2004
(117328) 2004 WH9 November 21, 2004
(117345) 2004 XO41 December 11, 2004
(117374) 2004 XQ147 December 13, 2004
(117815) 2005 HM5 April 30, 2005
(119961) 2002 TQ57 October 2, 2002
(120097) 2003 EG50 October 3, 2003
(120098) 2003 EJ50 October 3, 2003
(120101) 2003 FP5 March 26, 2003
(120102) 2003 FU5 March 26, 2003
(126177) 2002 AP12 January 10, 2002
(126246) 2002 AB67 January 9, 2002
(126247) 2002 AL67 January 9, 2002
(126248) 2002 AO67 January 9, 2002
(126249) 2002 AP67 January 9, 2002
(127415) 2002 NG6 July 11, 2002
(127658) 2003 DV10 February 26, 2003
(127660) 2003 DT12 February 26, 2003
(127664) 2003 DV14 February 25, 2003
(127737) 2003 FZ5 March 26, 2003
(127936) 2003 HU1 April 23, 2003
(127955) 2003 HY13 April 25, 2003
(127958) 2003 HD16 April 25, 2003
(127965) 2003 HG22 April 24, 2003
(128067) 2003 OK4 July 22, 2003
(128069) 2003 OF7 July 24, 2003
(128078) 2003 OE17 July 29, 2003
(128079) 2003 OL17 July 29, 2003
(128086) 2003 OQ31 July 30, 2003
(128103) 2003 QW1 August 19, 2003
(128104) 2003 QG4 August 18, 2003
(128105) 2003 QK6 August 18, 2003
(128220) 2003 SN88 September 18, 2003
(128430) 2004 NC1 July 7, 2004
(128471) 2004 OG13 July 16, 2004
(128484) 2004 PZ9 August 6, 2004
(128485) 2004 PD10 August 6, 2004
(128496) 2004 PV16 August 7, 2004
(128497) 2004 PA17 August 7, 2004
(128498) 2004 PB17 August 8, 2004
(128499) 2004 PH17 August 8, 2004
(128500) 2004 PJ17 August 8, 2004
(128506) 2004 PF30 August 8, 2004
(128532) 2004 PG56 August 9, 2004
(128551) 2004 PW75 August 9, 2004
(129110) 2004 XM40 December 10, 2004
(131764) 2002 AZ11 January 10, 2002
(131765) 2002 AF12 January 10, 2002
(131766) 2002 AT12 January 10, 2002
(131767) 2002 AZ12 January 11, 2002
(132668) 2002 NA6 July 10, 2002
(132669) 2002 NJ6 July 11, 2002
(132741) 2002 PU33 August 6, 2002
(133103) 2003 OG7 July 24, 2003
(133112) 2003 OV21 July 29, 2003
(133121) 2003 OC32 July 29, 2003
(133136) 2003 QS2 August 19, 2003
(133138) 2003 QF6 August 18, 2003
(133142) 2003 QH9 August 20, 2003
(133146) 2003 QB17 August 21, 2003
(133154) 2003 QL23 August 20, 2003
(133158) 2003 QE27 August 23, 2003
(133279) 2003 SF17 September 18, 2003
133296 Federicotosi September 19, 2003
(133321) 2003 SE88 September 18, 2003
(133322) 2003 SF88 September 18, 2003
(133323) 2003 SL88 September 18, 2003
(133364) 2003 SS136 September 19, 2003
(133365) 2003 SA140 September 18, 2003
(133405) 2003 SK171 September 18, 2003
(133424) 2003 SH192 September 20, 2003
(134056) 2004 XB37 December 11, 2004
(134060) 2004 XR43 December 11, 2004
(134106) 2004 XP147 December 13, 2004
(134136) 2005 AR29 January 8, 2005
(134137) 2005 AV29 January 8, 2005

The CINEOS program (Campo Imperatore Near-Earth Object Survey), started in 2001, is dedicated to the discovery and follow-up of Near Earth objects, namely asteroids and comets which periodically approach or intersect the Earth's orbit.

In particular CINEOS is addressed to the discovery of Atens and Inner Earth Objects (IEOs) by extending survey coverage at small solar elongations, and to the discovery of the other kind of NEOs by observing with longer exposures (up to a limiting magnitude of 21) in the opposition region.

Between August 2001 and November 2004 CINEOS measured more than 61000 asteroid positions and discovered almost 1500 new objects, including 6 NEOs and one Centaur (planetoid). In June–September 2003 CINEOS was ranked fifth in the world for the number of discoveries (sixth place in the period June–August 2004) and has been the first Italian professional program to discover a NEO and an asteroid beyond the orbit of Jupiter.

The survey is carried out at the Campo Imperatore station of the Rome Observatory near the summit of the Gran Sasso Mountain, at about 2,150 meters of elevation. The station is located about 130 km north-east of Rome. Longitude and latitude are respectively 13.5581 deg East and 42.4442 North.

The Observatory of Turin has been also involved in this project. Operated at the Schmidt telescope (60-90–183 cm) available at the station, the program uses between 10 and 14 nights per month, usually around the first and last quarter of the moon.

The science of CINEOS consists of two main observing activities:

1) To search for Near-Earth Objects, concentrating activities at small solar elongations. The objective is to optimize a ground-based system towards the discoveries of:

  • Aten asteroids
  • Inner-Earth objects (IEOs)

Although the NEO discovery rate grew significantly from 2001 to 2005, knowledge of bodies with small semimajor axis remains largely incomplete (Atens) or totally incomplete (Inner-Earth Objects). Most search programs concentrate their efforts near the opposition region where it is difficult if not impossible to find these objects.

Aten asteroids are also very important because numerical simulations have shown that they have the highest frequency of close encounters with the Earth. Sometimes Atens can evolve into orbits completely inside that of the Earth and vice versa. Thus, there are bodies that can come very close to the Earth, but are very difficult to observe from the ground.

2) The second goal of CINEOS is to provide rapid astrometric data for:

  • Follow-up of NEOs in urgent need of observations.
  • Recovery of NEOs at future apparitions.
  • Follow-up of small bodies belonging to other unusual orbital classes.

The survey activity is carried out mostly at the beginning and near the end of the night, while part of the middle of night time is usually available for the follow-up work. As a targeted follow-up system, CINEOS takes advantage of the combination of the relatively faint limiting magnitude and large field of view (probably the largest in the world for this activity). Follow-up can be provided up to magnitude 21, occasionally to 22 on the best nights.

Coordination of the follow-up work will be accomplished within the Spaceguard Central Node facilities. An essential side of the work is to choose targets that cannot be done elsewhere very easily during the epoch of the observing run.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°26′33″N 13°33′33″E / 42.44250°N 13.55917°E / 42.44250; 13.55917