Campo de Gibraltar

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Campo de Gibraltar
Comarca
Campo de Gibraltar.png
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
Province Cádiz
Municipalities
Area
 • Total 1,529 km2 (590 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 263,739
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Demonym Campogibraltareños
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Largest municipality Algeciras

Campo de Gibraltar (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkampo ðe xiβɾalˈtar], "Gibraltar Countryside") is a comarca (county) in the province of Cádiz, Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia, the southernmost part of mainland Europe. It comprises the municipalities of Algeciras, La Línea de la Concepción, San Roque, Los Barrios, Castellar de la Frontera, Jimena de la Frontera and Tarifa.

Its name comes from the municipal term of the town of Gibraltar, now a British Overseas Territory. Until 1704, the Campo de Gibraltar was simply the term for the municipality of Gibraltar, about 500 km2 corresponding approximately to the current municipalities of Algeciras, San Roque, Los Barrios and La Línea de la Concepción. Following the capture of Gibraltar by Anglo-Dutch troops in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession and its subsequent cession, in 1713, to Great Britain, the former inhabitants of Gibraltar settled down permanently and the first villages were created: Algeciras, San Roque, and Los Barrios, still for many years officially termed the municipality of Gibraltar. In 1759, each of them was established as a different municipality.[1]

The Campo de Gibraltar comarca is integrated by the following municipalities:

Municipality Area
(km²)
Population
(2008)
Location
Algeciras 86 115,333 Bay of Gibraltar
La Línea de la Concepción 26 64,240 Bay of Gibraltar
Mediterranean coast
San Roque 140 28,563 Interior - Bay of Gibraltar
Mediterranean coast
Los Barrios 332 21,977 Interior
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
Bay of Gibraltar
Castellar de la Frontera 179 3,109 Interior
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
Jimena de la Frontera 347 10,330 Interior
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
Tarifa 419 17.793 Atlantic coast
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
Total 1,529 261,345  

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manuel Álvarez Vázquez (April 2004). "La pérdida de Gibraltar y el nacimiento de la nueva población de Los Barrios". Almoraima. Revista de Estudios Campogibraltareños (34): 51–66. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°08′N 5°27′W / 36.133°N 5.450°W / 36.133; -5.450