Campos dos Goytacazes

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Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389

Campos dos Goytacazes
Municipality
The Municipality of
Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos RJ.jpg
Flag of Campos dos Goytacazes
Flag
Official seal of Campos dos Goytacazes
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Capital of Oil and Sugar"
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Campos dos Goytacazes is located in Brazil
Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos dos Goytacazes
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
Founded March 28, 1835
Government
 • Mayor Rosinha Garotinho (PSB)
Area
 • Total 4,032 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 472,300
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC-3
Postal Code 28000-000
Area code(s) +55 22
HDI (2000) 0.752 – medium[2]
Website Campos, Rio de Janeiro

Campos dos Goytacazes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkɐ̃puʒ duʒ ɡojtaˈkaziʃ]) is a municipality and city located in the northern area of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a population of 472,300 inhabitants. Its area is 4,031.910 km², which makes it the largest municipality in the state and its elevation is 14 m. Its name comes from the geographical characteristic of the region, very flat with fields (campos in Portuguese) and from the Goytacazes Indians, which inhabited the region. Campos, as the city is usually known, is a macro region of the Northern Fluminense, and is a micro region of Campos dos Goytacazes. The city has a tropical climate.

Colonization of the area started in the 16th century, and the village of São Salvador de Campos de Goytacazes was founded on May 29, 1677. On March 28, 1835 the village was promoted to city status.

The city's distance to Rio de Janeiro city, which is the capital of the state, is 286 kilometres (178 mi). BR-101 is the access highway of the city of Campos. Regular air services are operated from its airport Bartolomeu Lysandro. It is the easternmost municipality in Rio de Janeiro.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Campos was the see of Bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer, nicknamed "The Lion of Campos", who was one of the bishops who opposed the Vatican II reforms and who teamed with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre of Dakar to consecrate four independent bishops in Écône, Switzerland, in 1988. Nowadays there are in Campos two Roman Catholic jurisdictions: a Diocese, whose Bishop is Monsignor Roberto Gomes Guimarães and the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney, whose Apostolic Administrator is Monsignor Fernando Areas Rifan.

Economy[edit]

The GDP for the city was R$16,116,180,000. (2005).[3]

The per capita income for the city was R$37,813 (2005).[4]

Education[edit]

Portuguese language is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Campos dos Goytacazes
Year Pop. ±%
1950 701,342 —    
1960 630,054 −10.2%
1970 609,248 −3.3%
1980 564,329 −7.4%
1990 517,300 −8.3%
2000 436,008 −15.7%
2010 471,737 +8.2%

The population of Campos is 471,737, up from the 436,008 in 2000, but down from the 90's, 80's, 70's, 60's and 50's. The city in the 50's was the second largest of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The reasons behind these reductions are the "crash" that the economy of the town, based on oil, suffered in 1954, something similar that happened in Detroit, with the auto industries. According to the 2010 census, whites represent 70.4% of population, brown or mulatos 20% and black of African 7.1%. Other races represent 3.5% of the population.

Ferreira Machado Hospital

Sports[edit]

There are at least three football clubs in the city: Americano Futebol Clube, Goytacaz Futebol Clube and Clube Esportivo Rio Branco. The derby between Americano and Goytacaz is known as Goyta-cano.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2012 Populational Estimate". Censo Populacional 2012. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ [1]UNDP
  3. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  4. ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 

External links[edit]