Campus police

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Campus police or university police in the United States and Canada are often sworn police officers employed by a college or university to protect the campus and surrounding areas and the people who live, work, and visit it.

Many university police forces employ a combination of police officers, security guards and student workers.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the UK, universities do not have a specific police force that responds to crime on university campuses, with the exception of Cambridge University Constabulary[1] and, until 2003, Oxford University Police.[2][3] Instead most universities have a police liaison officer seconded from the area's police service. The liaison officer can provide crime prevention and recruitment information, patrol of campus site and create links with community as part of the national Community Policing Strategy. It is also known for officers to take lectures in policing for students studying law, police studies etc.[citation needed] This allows students to gain first hand knowledge on policing and real life scenarios that the force faces.[citation needed]

United States[edit]

Rather than traditional police colors, cruisers at some institutions sport the livery colors of the university they serve.

Most university police officers are commissioned through their state Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) after completing established training and pre-licensure preparation. This is usually equivalent to that of a municipal or state peace officer. They routinely attend the same police academy as local or state police officers.[citation needed]

Many departments operate some of the same units as municipal agencies such as detective units, special response teams (SWAT or SRT), canine units, bicycle patrol units, motorcycle patrol units, and community policing units. In some cases, campus police agencies are better equipped and staffed than municipal and county agencies in their area due to the significant amount of funding available in a college environment.[citation needed]

The campus police in many state owned schools have state-wide authority and jurisdiction similar to that afforded to state police[citation needed].

Hawaii, Idaho, and New Hampshire are the only states in the US to not have a statutory provision for the commissioning of sworn campus police officers.[citation needed] They were joined by Oregon until 2009, when that state revised its system of Campus law enforcement in Oregon.

Colorado[edit]

Officers of the Colorado State University Police Department and the University of Colorado (Boulder) Police Department are commissioned officers of the state of Colorado, but also hold commissions through the cities where their universities are based (respectively Fort Collins and Larimer County for CSU and the City of Boulder for CU). [4]

North Carolina[edit]

Campus police can be under two options: Private colleges have police agency status under GS 74E (Company police act) while state university system officers and community colleges have state law enforcement powers, such as mutual assistance, extraterritorial jurisdiction of one mile, the same as municipal police and can also enter into mutual assistance agreements. All police officers must be NC Basic Law Enforcement Training (BLET) certified and pass all state standards for peace officers.

Ohio[edit]

State law in Ohio authorizes the board of trustees of a university to appoint police officers to serve their institutions and jurisdictions. All police officers in Ohio, including university police officers, are trained and certified to the same standards, as overseen by the Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission.[5] As such, university police officers have the same authority to carry weapons and make arrests.[6]

  • Ohio State University Police Department[7]
    • 53 sworn officers, 9 dispatchers, and 26 support personnel[8]
    • Special Response Team (SRT)[9]
    • Two Canine Units
    • Patrol and Investigations Units
    • Bicycle Patrol
    • CALEA accredited[10]
  • Ohio University Police Department [11]
    • 25 sworn officers (soon to be 30), 5 dispatchers, and 1 clerical support staff [12]
    • Special Weapons and Tactics Team (SWAT)[13]
    • Patrol and Investigations Units
    • Canine Unit [12]

Rhode Island[edit]

University police at public institutions in the State of Rhode Island are sworn police officers.

Texas[edit]

University police at public institutions in the State of Texas are sworn police officers, and are vested with the same authority as other police officers in Texas.[14]

  • University of Texas at Austin Police Department
    • 2 canine units[15]
    • Investigations and Patrol units[16]
    • Honor Guard [17]
  • Texas A&M University Police[18]
  • University of Houston Police[19]
  • University of North Texas Police
    • Investigations and Patrol Units[20]
    • Two canine units[21]
    • CALEA and IACLEA accredited[22]

Virginia[edit]

In Virginia, state law authorizes university police officers to be armed and vests them with the same authority as other types of police officers in the State.[23][24][25]

Florida[edit]

  • Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University Police
  • Florida Atlantic University Police
  • Florida Gulf Coast University Police
  • Florida International University Police
  • Florida State University Police
  • University of Central Florida Police
  • University of Florida Police
  • University of North Florida Police
  • University of South Florida Police
  • University of West Florida Police

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Constabulary: Proctors: University of Cambridge". University of Cambridge website. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Straw rejoices as Oxford's Bulldogs are put down, The Daily Telegraph, 15 October 2002
  3. ^ Oration by the Senior Proctor, Oxford University Gazette, 27 March 2003
  4. ^ http://police.colostate.edu/jurisdiction/
  5. ^ "Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  6. ^ "Ohio Revised Code". Authority to Arrest Without Warrant. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  7. ^ "Organizational Chart". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  8. ^ "OSU DPS History Book". Ohio State University. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  9. ^ "Ohio State University Department of Public Safety". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  10. ^ "The Ohio State University Department of Public Safety". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  11. ^ "Ohio University Police Department". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  12. ^ a b "The Post". New Faces, More Badges. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  13. ^ "Outlook". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  14. ^ "Texas Penal Code". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  15. ^ "University of Texas Police Department". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  16. ^ "University of Texas Police Department". Criminal Investigations. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  17. ^ "University of Texas Police Department". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  18. ^ "Texas A&M University Police". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  19. ^ "University of Houston Police". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  20. ^ "University of North Texas Police Department". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  21. ^ "University of North Texas Police Department". UNT Police K9 Unit. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  22. ^ "University of North Texas Police Department". UNT Police Accreditations. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  23. ^ "Code of Virginia". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  24. ^ "Code of Virginia". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  25. ^ "Code of Virginia". Retrieved 2014-03-14. 

External links[edit]