Canada, Kansas

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Canada, Kansas
Unincorporated community
Canada is located in Kansas
Canada
Canada
Location within the state of Kansas
Coordinates: 38°21′15″N 97°6′46″W / 38.35417°N 97.11278°W / 38.35417; -97.11278Coordinates: 38°21′15″N 97°6′46″W / 38.35417°N 97.11278°W / 38.35417; -97.11278[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marion
Platted 1883
Elevation[1] 1,362 ft (415 m)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-10350 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0477365 [1]
W i k i p e d i a

Canada is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Kansas, United States.[1] It is named for many Canadian immigrants coming to the area.[2]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Marion County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Canada.[3]

David Christie, former Speaker of the Canadian Senate, sent his sons to buy 3 square miles (8 km2) near the future site of Canada. Many Canadian immigrants moved to the area, thus was the source of the community. Canada was platted on December 15, 1883, but never incorporated. Canada had a Post Office from 1884 to 1954.[2]

As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[4] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[5] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[6] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion through Canada to McPherson was abandoned and removed. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.

A post office existed in Canada from February 20, 1884 to February 28, 1954.[7]

20th century[edit]

From 1964 to 1968, the Marion Reservoir was constructed north of Canada.

Geography[edit]

Canada is located at 38°21′15″N 97°6′46″W / 38.35417°N 97.11278°W / 38.35417; -97.11278 (38.3541802, -97.1128030),[1] approximately half way between Marion and Hillsboro.

Area attractions[edit]

  • Marion Reservoir, 1 mile (2 km) north of Canada. The Hillsboro cove is closest to Canada. Exits along US-56: French Creek cove (Limestone Road), Hillsboro cove (Nighthawk Road), Overlook and Dam (Old Mill Road), Marion cove and Cottonwood Point cove (Pawnee Road).

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Canada is part of Unified School District 408.[8][9] The high school is a member of T.E.E.N., a shared video teaching network between five area high schools.[10] All students attend schools in Marion.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 56 highway is 0.5 miles (0.80 km) north of the community.

Utilities[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Beginnings in the Canada Community; H.J. Siebert; Marion Record. September 23, 1937.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Schools
Maps
Historical