|Type||Crown Corporation Organizations based in Canada|
|Purpose||advocate and public voice, educator and network|
The Canada Council for the Arts, commonly called the Canada Council, is a Crown Corporation established in 1957 to act as an arts council of the government of Canada, created to foster and promote the study and enjoyment of, and the production of works in, the arts. It funds Canadian artists and encourages the production of art in Canada. It also funds professional symphony orchestras in Canada although a majority are conducted by non-Canadian music directors. The current chair of the Canada Council is Joseph L. Rotman.
The Canada Council is an arms-length agency based in Ottawa, Ontario, that reports to the Crown through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. Its endowment income is supplemented by annual appropriations from parliament, donations, and bequests. Its main duty is allotting grants to Canadian artists based on the merits of their applications. The council also funds and administers many of Canada's top arts awards, including the Governor General's Literary Awards.
The council has six main divisions. Each of these co-ordinates grant-giving to a different area of the arts:
These are complemented by three groups that work with all the sections:
- Aboriginal Arts Secretariat, which fosters First Peoples art in all media
- Equity Office, which encourages diversity in arts funding
- Inter-Arts Office, to deal with proposals that combine or transcend traditional artistic disciplines
The Canada Council has supervisory authority over the Art Bank. The Art Bank is a division of the Canada Council for the Arts whose mandate is to rent works of art to public and private sector offices. It has the largest collection of contemporary Canadian art in the world. The collection includes some 18,000 artworks, 6,400 of which are currently rented to more than 200 government and corporate clients.
Established in the 1970s the Art Bank buys art from notable Canadian artists through a system of peer review juries. The bank is completely self-funded, earning its money from renting out works in its collection. The Bank continues to expand its collection by buying works in accord with its annual purchasing budget. The vast majority of its art is rented by the Federal government, with less than ten percent being rented to the private sector. Works of art are rented out for two-year periods. The rental rate is generally 20% of the piece's market value. Although the Art Bank is located in Ottawa, Ontario it services its clients across the country. Its collection has been appraised to be worth over 71 million dollars.
Musical Instrument Bank
The Council also operates a Musical Instrument Bank. Established in 1985, the Instrument Bank has acquired many valuable stringed instruments that are loaned mainly to Canadian musicians. The loans are often made to musicians as a result of juried competitions. The creation of the instrument bank was championed by Canadian cellist Denis Brott.
The Council promotes public awareness of the arts through its communications, research and arts promotion activities. The Council administers the Killam Program of scholarly awards, the Governor General's Literary Awards and the Governor General's Awards in Visual and Media Arts.
Other supervised bodies
Each year the council receives some 16,000 grant requests, which are reviewed by panels of artists set up by each division of the council. In 2006-07, the Council awarded some 6,000 grants to artists and arts organizations and made payments to more than 15,400 authors through the Public Lending Right Commission. Grants and payments totaled more than $152 million.
The Canada Council is called from time to time to appear before parliamentary committees, particularly the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage. Its accounts are audited by the Auditor General of Canada and included in an Annual Report to Parliament.
Chairs of the Canada Council
- Brooke Claxton 1957–1960
- Claude Bissell 1960–1962
- Douglas B. Weldon 1962–1964
- Jean Martineau 1964–1969
- John G. Prentice 1969–1974
- Brian Flemming (interim) 1974–1975
- Gertrude M. Laing 1975–1978
- Mavor Moore 1979–1983
- Maureen Forrester 1983–1988
- Allan Gotlieb 1989–1994
- Donna Scott 1994–1998
- Jean-Louis Roux 1998–2004
- Karen Kain 2004–2008
- Joseph L. Rotman 2008–
- Granatstein, J.L. 1986. "Culture and scholarship: The first ten years of the Canada Council." Canada 1957-1967: Years of Uncertainty and Innovation. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart. Pgs. 139-168.
- Klages, G. 2011. "By Artists, for Artists? Creating the Saskatchewan Arts Board and Canada Council." Saskatchewan History 64/1 (Spring/Summer), pgs. 38-49.
- Mailhot, L., and Melançon, B. 1982. Le Conseil des arts du Canada, 1957-1982. Montreal, PQ: Lemeac.
- Ostry, B. 1978. The Cultural Connection. Toronto, ON: 1978.
- Woodcock, G. 1985. Strange Bedfellows: the State and the Arts in Canada. Toronto, ON: Douglas & McIntyre.
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