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Canada House on Trafalgar Square.
|Former names||Union Club, Royal College of Physicians|
|Type||Office building, Cultural centre|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Location||Trafalgar Square, London|
|Current tenants||High Commission of Canada in London|
|Owner||Government of Canada|
|Design and construction|
|Other designers||Septimus Warwick|
Canada House (French: Maison du Canada) is a Greek Revival building on Trafalgar Square in London that is part of the High Commission of Canada in London. The main work of the High Commission, including consular, public affairs, political, trade and administrative functions is carried out from Macdonald House in Mayfair. However, in November 2013 Macdonald House was sold off and it is planned that the main diplomatic functions be transferred back into Canada House the next year. 
The building which would later become known as Canada House was built between 1824 and 1827 to designs by Sir Robert Smirke, the architect of the British Museum. It was originally two buildings used by the Union Club and the Royal College of Physicians. Under the leadership of High Commissioner Peter Larkin the Canadian government acquired the Union Club in 1923 for the sum of £223,000. It was Larkin's dream to centralise the work of 200 Canadian employees scattered among offices in Victoria Street in one central building. Renovations cost $1.3 million CDN and were supervised by the architect Septimus Warwick, who moved the main entrance from Trafalgar Square to Cockspur Street. The designers imported Canadian furniture, carpets and maple and birch flooring. The exterior was reclad in Portland stone to match the facade of the Royal College of Physicians. The building was officially opened on June 29, 1925 by King George V and Queen Mary along with several British prime ministers, past and present, other dignitaries, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police honour guard. The High Commissioner presented the King and Queen with identical sets of keys to Canada House made by Henry Birks and Sons of Canadian gold, silver and nickel.
When he declared Canada House open, King George said: “Canada is a great country: alike in the literal sense of vast extent from “sea to sea” and great in achievement and in promise: and it is right and necessary that its official representatives here should be housed in a manner worthy of the Dominion and adequate to the discharge of their ever-growing and important duties.”
During the London Blitz a bomb fell near the building, only 20 yards (18 m) away from future Canadian prime minister Lester B. Pearson who was the secretary to the High Commissioner at the time. During the war Canada House became a popular hangout for Canadian troops in London.
In 1960s Canada greatly increased its presence, acquiring the future Macdonald House in 1961 and expanding Canada House into the adjacent Royal College of Physicians in 1963.
In 1993 Canada House was closed by the Canadian government as a cost-cutting measure with the intention of selling it. A change of government in Canada saw this decision reversed and renovations were planned instead, beginning in 1997. The building was officially reopened by Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada in May 1998. To commemorate the reopening, a detachment from the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry came to London and mounted the Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace.
Canada House was closed again in 2010 and re-opened in 2012 for the Diamond Jubilee. It was used as Canada Olympic House during the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. It will re-open again in 2014, after Macdonald House was sold off in 2013, to resume full diplomatic functions.
Canada House is used for special events, hosting conferences, receptions, lectures and lunches. The Canada House Gallery stages exhibitions of historical and contemporary art and artefacts.
It is also the epicentre of the annual Canada Day (1 July) street party in Trafalgar Square.
Canada House by night, showing the flags of the provinces and territories of Canada on the side
Entrance on Cockspur Street
- Canada.com - Canada sells diplomatic mansion Macdonald House in London to Indian developer for $530M. Retrieved 29 Nov 2013.
- "Canada House at 80". Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
- High Commission of Canada to the United Kingdom in London
- Canada House, circa 1941, after the London Blitz