Canada at the Olympics

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Canada at the Olympic Games

Flag of Canada
IOC code  CAN
NOC Canadian Olympic Committee
Website www.olympic.ca (English) (French)
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
Intercalated Games
1906

Canada (CAN) has sent athletes to every Winter Olympic Games and almost every Summer Olympic Games since its debut at the 1900 games with the exception of the 1980 Summer Olympics, which it boycotted. Canada has won at least one medal at every Olympics in which it has competed. The Canadian Olympic Committee (COC) is the National Olympic Committee for Canada.

At the 2010 Winter Olympics which they hosted in Vancouver, Canada finished atop the medal standings for the first time, winning the most gold medals of any country.

Hosted Games[edit]

Canada has hosted the Games three times.

Games Host city Dates Nations Participants Events
1976 Summer Olympics Montreal 17 July – 1 August 92 6,028 123
1988 Winter Olympics Calgary 13 – 28 February 57 1,423 46
2010 Winter Olympics Vancouver 12 – 28 February 83 2,629 86

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Number of medals won by Canada at the Olympic summer games from 1900 to 2012.
Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
France 1900 Paris 2 1 0 1 2 13
United States 1904 St. Louis 52 4 1 1 6 4
United Kingdom 1908 London 87 3 3 10 16 7
Sweden 1912 Stockholm 37 3 2 3 8 9
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 53 3 3 3 9 12
France 1924 Paris 65 0 3 1 4 20
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 69 4 4 7 15 10
United States 1932 Los Angeles 102 2 5 8 15 12
Nazi Germany 1936 Berlin 97 1 3 5 9 17
United Kingdom 1948 London 118 0 1 2 3 25
Finland 1952 Helsinki 107 1 2 0 3 21
Australia 1956 Melbourne 92 2 1 3 6 15
Italy 1960 Rome 85 0 1 0 1 32
Japan 1964 Tokyo 115 1 2 1 4 22
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 138 1 3 1 5 23
West Germany 1972 Munich 208 0 2 3 5 27
Canada 1976 Montreal (host nation) 385 0 5 6 11 27
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow did not participate
United States 1984 Los Angeles 407 10 18 16 44 6
South Korea 1988 Seoul 328 3 2 5 10 19
Spain 1992 Barcelona 295 7 4 7 18 11
United States 1996 Atlanta 303 3 11 8 22 21
Australia 2000 Sydney 294 3 3 8 14 24
Greece 2004 Athens 263 3 6 3 12 21
China 2008 Beijing 332 3 9 6 18 19
United Kingdom 2012 London 281 1 5 12 18 36
Total 59 99 120 278 20

Canada also won 1 gold medal and 1 silver medal at the 1906 Summer Olympics, which the IOC no longer recognizes as an official Olympic games, so those medals are not counted in this table.

Medals by Winter Games[edit]

Number of medals won by Canada at the Olympic winter games from 1924 to 2014.

     Hosted Winter Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
France 1924 Chamonix 12 1 0 0 1 8
Switzerland 1928 St. Moritz 23 1 0 0 1 5
United States 1932 Lake Placid 42 1 1 5 7 4
Nazi Germany 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 29 0 1 0 1 9
Switzerland 1948 St. Moritz 28 2 0 1 3 6
Norway 1952 Oslo 39 1 0 1 2 6
Italy 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 37 0 1 2 3 10
United States 1960 Squaw Valley 44 2 1 1 4 7
Austria 1964 Innsbruck 55 1 0 2 3 10
France 1968 Grenoble 70 1 1 1 3 13
Japan 1972 Sapporo 47 0 1 0 1 17
Austria 1976 Innsbruck 59 1 1 1 3 11
United States 1980 Lake Placid 59 0 1 1 2 14
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1984 Sarajevo 67 2 1 1 4 8
Canada 1988 Calgary 112 0 2 3 5 13
France 1992 Albertville 108 2 3 2 7 9
Norway 1994 Lillehammer 95 3 6 4 13 7
Japan 1998 Nagano 144 6 5 4 15 4
United States 2002 Salt Lake City 150 7 3 7 17 4
Italy 2006 Turin 196 7 10 7 24 5
Canada 2010 Vancouver 206 14 7 5 26 1
Russia 2014 Sochi 220 10 10 5 25 3
Total 62 55 53 170 6

Medals at summer sports[edit]

     Leading in that sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 13 14 26 53
Rowing 9 16 15 40
Swimming 7 14 22 43
Canoeing and kayaking - Sprint 4 10 10 24
Shooting 4 3 2 9
Boxing 3 7 7 17
Synchronized swimming 3 4 1 8
Freestyle Wrestling 2 7 7 16
Show Jumping 2 2 0 4
Lacrosse 2 0 1 3
Diving 1 4 6 11
Trampoline 1 3 2 6
Track Cycling 1 2 5 8
Triathlon 1 1 0 2
Soccer 1 0 1 2
Golf 1 0 0 1
Artistic Gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Rhythmic Gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Tennis 1 0 0 1
Sailing 0 3 6 9
Judo 0 2 3 5
Weightlifting 0 2 1 3
Mountain Biking 0 2 0 2
Road Cycling 0 1 1 2
Taekwondo 0 1 1 2
Basketball 0 1 0 1
Dressage 0 0 1 1
Eventing 0 0 1 1
Beach Volleyball 0 0 1 1
Total 581 99 120 277

Medals at winter sports[edit]

     Leading in that sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Ice hockey 131 5 2 19
Speed skating 8 12 15 35
Short track speed skating 8 11 9 28
Freestyle skiing 8 7 3 18
Curling 5 3 2 10
Figure skating 4 10 11 25
Bobsleigh 4 2 1 7
Alpine skiing 4 1 6 11
Snowboarding 3 2 2 7
Skeleton 2 1 1 4
Cross-country skiing 2 1 0 3
Biathlon 2 0 1 3
Total 631 55 53 170

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the following current sports: Archery, Badminton, BMX, Canoeing and kayaking - Slalom, Fencing, Field Hockey, Greco-Roman Wrestling, Handball, Indoor Volleyball, Luge, Modern pentathlon, Nordic combined, Rugby, Ski jumping, Table Tennis, and Water polo.

1One of Canada's Ice Hockey gold medals was won during the 1920 Summer Olympics, resulting in the discrepancy between the medals by games and medals by sports tables.

Records[edit]

In 2012, Equestrian show jumper Ian Millar competed at his tenth Summer Olympics, tying the record for most Olympic games participated in set by Austrian sailor Hubert Raudaschl between 1964 and 1996. He has been named to eleven straight Olympic teams, but did not compete at the 1980 Summer Olympics due to the Canadian boycott.[1] In 2008 he won his first medal, a silver medal in the team jumping event.[2]

Clara Hughes is the first and only Olympian of any country or gender, to win multiple medals at both the Winter and the Summer Games, with two Summer and four Winter medals.[3] Clara Hughes and Cindy Klassen hold the record for most Olympic medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six each.[3] Cindy Klassen holds the record for most Winter medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six.[3]

Catriona Le May Doan became the first Canadian to defend their gold medal at the Olympics. She repeated her gold medal in the women's 500m long track speedskating event at the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics from the 1998 Nagano Olympics.[4][5]

Alexandre Bilodeau became the first freestyle skiing gold medallist to defend his Olympic title, and first repeat gold medallist, winning the men's moguls at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. He became the second Canadian to defend their Olympic gold, and first man.[4][5][6]

After captaining the women's ice hockey team to gold at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Caroline Ouellette became the first Winter Olympian of any country or gender to enter four or more career events and win gold in each.[7] Oullette had previously won gold in ice hockey in 2002, 2006, and 2010.

Jennifer Jones skipped the Canadian women's team at the 2014 Winter Olympics to a Gold medal. She is the first ever female skip in Olympic history to be undefeated throughout the tournament. Jones, Kaitlyn Lawes, Jill Officer, Dawn McEwen and spare Kirsten Wall went unbeaten with an 11-0 record defeating China, Sweden (round-robin and finals), Great Britain (round-robin and semi-finals), Denmark, Switzerland, Japan, Russia, the United States, and Korea.[8][9]

Top Medal earners[edit]

Athlete Sport Type Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
Cindy Klassen Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 1 2 3 6
Clara Hughes Cycling Summer 1996, 2000, 2012 0 0 2 6
Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 1 1 2
Jayna Hefford Ice hockey Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 4 1 0 5
Wickenheiser, HayleyHayley Wickenheiser
Marc Gagnon Short track Winter 1994, 1998, 2002 3 0 2 5
François-Louis Tremblay Short track Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 2 2 1 5
Phil Edwards Athletics Summer 1928, 1932, 1936 0 0 5 5
Lesley Thompson Rowing Summer 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2012 1 3 1 5
Caroline Ouellette Ice hockey Winter 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 4 0 0 4
Jennifer Botterill Ice hockey Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010 3 1 0 4
Kellar, BeckyBecky Kellar
Charles Hamelin Short track Winter 2006, 2010, 2014 3 1 0 4
Kathleen Heddle Rowing Summer 1992, 1996 3 0 1 4
Marnie McBean
Éric Bédard Short track Winter 1998, 2002, 2006 2 1 1 4
Gaétan Boucher Speed skating Winter 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988 2 1 1 4
Victor Davis Swimming Summer 1984, 1988 1 3 0 4
Denny Morrison Speed skating Winter 2006, 2010, 2014 1 2 1 4
Adam van Koeverden Kayaking Summer 2004, 2008, 2012 1 2 1 4
Kristina Groves Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 0 3 1 4
Tania Vicent Short track Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010 0 2 2 4
Émilie Heymans Diving Summer 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 0 2 2 4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin Cleary (2008-08-08). "'The Olympics is not a young horse game'". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  2. ^ Doug Smith (2008-08-18). "'Canada wins silver in team show jumping'". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  3. ^ a b c Canadian Press (22 June 2012). "London 2012: Hesjedal and Hughes to lead Canadian road cycling team at London Games". Toronto Star. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Alexandre Bilodeau Wins Gold, Mikael Kingsbury Silver In Olympic Moguls At Sochi". Huffington Post. 2014-02-10. 
  5. ^ a b Eric Koreen (10 August 2012). "Catriona Le May Doan emerging as Olympic broadcasting star". National Post. 
  6. ^ Will Graves (2014-02-10). "Canada's Alex Bilodeau takes gold in men's moguls, first two-time freestyle Olympic champion". Associated Press (The Republic (Columbus, Indiana)). 
  7. ^ Nick Zaccardi (2014-02-20). "An inch to the right and we would have won the gold". NBC Olympic Talk. 
  8. ^ canada.com http://www.canada.com/olympics/columns/jennifer-jones-fights-for-olympic-gold-in-womens-curling-final |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  9. ^ Toronto Sun http://www.torontosun.com/2014/02/20/jennifer-jones-sochi-olympics-curling-canada-gold-silver |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

External links[edit]