Canada men's national ice hockey team
|Nickname(s)||Team Canada (Équipe Canada)|
|General Manager||Steve Yzerman|
|Head coach||Lindy Ruff|
|Most games||Sean Burke (156)|
|Most points||Cliff Ronning (156)|
|Highest IIHF ranking||1 (first in 2003)|
|Lowest IIHF ranking||5 (first in 2012)|
| Canada 8–1 Switzerland
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
| Canada 47–0 Denmark
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
| Soviet Union 11–1 Canada
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
|IIHF World Championships|
|Appearances||67 (first in 1920)|
|Best result||Gold: 24 – 1930, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007|
|Appearances||20 (first in 1920)|
|Medals||Bronze: 2 – 1956, 1968|
|International record (W–L–T)|
The Canadian national ice hockey team is the ice hockey team representing Canada. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation, and participates in international competitions. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia. The nickname "Team Canada" was christened for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since. Canada has been one of the leading national ice hockey teams in international play, winning the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, 8 Winter Olympics (the most of any participating hockey nation), including the 2002 Winter Olympics and 2010 Winter Olympics, four consecutive IIHF World Championships, including eighteen total, and the 2004 World Cup of Hockey. Canada is a member of the so-called "Big Seven", the unofficial group of seven of the strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden and the United States.
From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last senior team to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961.
Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics. Since 1964, the national team has two Olympic gold medals, and five world championship wins.
Before the emergence of the Soviet Union, Canada dominated hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics before 1956 and 13 world championship gold medals before 1961. From 1954 to 1991, Canada was able to win only four World Championships and no Winter Olympic Gold medals when the Soviet, Czechoslovak, and Swedish teams dominated. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their respective National Hockey League teams.
Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team programme was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the world championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States of America. Canadians and Americans were allowed to enhance their world championship teams with professional players; and the world championships were scheduled as late as possible to ensure more players would be available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs.
In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.
In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Programme of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects, veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes. This programme was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.
After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada finally won the World Championship in 1994 in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, and 2007, proving that hard work can really pay off.
Retired numbers 
List of teams representing Canada from 1920 to 1963 
List of coaches of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.
- Harry Sinden, 1972 Summit Series
- Bill Harris, 1974 Summit Series
- Scotty Bowman, 1976, 1981 Canada Cups
- Glen Sather, 1984 Canada Cup
- Mike Keenan, 1987 and 1991 Canada Cups
- Glen Sather, 1996 World Cup
- Pat Quinn, 2004 World Cup
Competition achievements 
Olympic Games 
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships They have won a total of 14 Olympic medals.
Summit Series 
Canada Cup 
- 1976 – Won championship
- 1981 – Lost Final
- 1984 – Won championship
- 1987 – Won championship
- 1991 – Won championship
World Cup of Hockey 
World Championships 
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. The 1920 Olympics were the first world championship. IIHF World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.
Spengler Cup 
Spengler Cup victories for Team Canada have occurred in 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007 and 2012. In this tournament, Canada competes against European club teams, not against national teams. Canada used to be represented by the standing national team at this event, but since its dissolution is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or occasionally in the North American minor leagues.
2013 World Championship roster 
|76||D||P.K. Subban||Montreal Canadiens||NHL|
|22||D||Luke Schenn||Philadelphia Flyers||NHL|
|7||D||T. J. Brodie||Calgary Flames||NHL|
|51||D||Brian Campbell||Florida Panthers||NHL|
|5||D||Brenden Dillon||Dallas Stars||NHL|
|2||D||Dan Hamhuis||Vancouver Canucks||NHL|
|44||D||Jay Harrison||Carolina Hurricanes||NHL|
|3||D||Stéphane Robidas||Dallas Stars||NHL|
|19||D||Justin Schultz||Edmonton Oilers||NHL|
|16||F||Andrew Ladd||Winnipeg Jets||NHL|
|14||F||Jordan Eberle||Edmonton Oilers||NHL|
|53||F||Jeff Skinner||Carolina Hurricanes||NHL|
|28||F||Claude Giroux||Philadelphia Flyers||NHL|
|4||F||Taylor Hall||Edmonton Oilers||NHL|
|90||F||Ryan O'Reilly||Colorado Avalanche||NHL|
|24||F||Matt Read||Philadelphia Flyers||NHL|
|12||F||Eric Staal||Carolina Hurricanes||NHL|
|17||F||Wayne Simmonds||Philadelphia Flyers||NHL|
|91||F||Steven Stamkos||Tampa Bay Lightning||NHL|
|9||F||Matt Duchene||Colorado Avalanche||NHL|
|11||F||Jordan Staal||Carolina Hurricanes||NHL|
|34||Michael Garnett||Traktor Chelyabinsk||KHL|
|41||Mike Smith||Phoenix Coyotes||NHL|
|40||Devan Dubnyk||Edmonton Oilers||NHL|
2010 Olympics roster 
The following is the Canadian roster in the men's ice hockey tournament of the 2010 Winter Olympics.
|30||G||Martin Brodeur||188 cm (6 ft 2 in)||98 kg (220 lb)||6 May 1972||Montreal, QC||New Jersey Devils (NHL)|
|29||G||Marc-André Fleury||188 cm (6 ft 2 in)||82 kg (180 lb)||28 November 1984||Sorel-Tracy, QC||Pittsburgh Penguins (NHL)|
|1||G||Roberto Luongo||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)||93 kg (210 lb)||4 April 1979||Montreal, QC||Vancouver Canucks (NHL)|
|22||D||Dan Boyle||180 cm (5 ft 11 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||12 July 1976||Ottawa, ON||San Jose Sharks (NHL)|
|8||D||Drew Doughty||185 cm (6 ft 1 in)||92 kg (200 lb)||8 December 1989||London, ON||Los Angeles Kings (NHL)|
|2||D||Duncan Keith||183 cm (6 ft 0 in)||85 kg (190 lb)||16 July 1983||Winnipeg, MB||Chicago Blackhawks (NHL)|
|27||D||Scott Niedermayer – C||185 cm (6 ft 1 in)||91 kg (200 lb)||31 August 1973||Cranbrook, BC||Anaheim Ducks (NHL)|
|20||D||Chris Pronger – A||198 cm (6 ft 6 in)||101 kg (220 lb)||10 October 1974||Dryden, ON||Philadelphia Flyers (NHL)|
|7||D||Brent Seabrook||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)||100 kg (220 lb)||20 April 1985||Richmond, BC||Chicago Blackhawks (NHL)|
|6||D||Shea Weber||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)||97 kg (210 lb)||14 August 1985||Sicamous, BC||Nashville Predators (NHL)|
|37||F||Patrice Bergeron||188 cm (6 ft 2 in)||88 kg (190 lb)||24 July 1985||L'Ancienne-Lorette, QC||Boston Bruins (NHL)|
|87||F||Sidney Crosby – A||180 cm (5 ft 11 in)||90 kg (200 lb)||7 August 1987||Cole Harbour, NS||Pittsburgh Penguins (NHL)|
|51||F||Ryan Getzlaf||193 cm (6 ft 4 in)||100 kg (220 lb)||10 May 1985||Regina, SK||Anaheim Ducks (NHL)|
|15||F||Dany Heatley||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)||100 kg (220 lb)||21 January 1981||Freiburg im Breisgau, West Germany||San Jose Sharks (NHL)|
|12||F||Jarome Iginla – A||185 cm (6 ft 1 in)||95 kg (210 lb)||1 July 1977||Edmonton, AB||Calgary Flames (NHL)|
|11||F||Patrick Marleau||188 cm (6 ft 2 in)||100 kg (220 lb)||15 September 1979||Swift Current, SK||San Jose Sharks (NHL)|
|10||F||Brenden Morrow||180 cm (5 ft 11 in)||95 kg (210 lb)||16 January 1979||Carlyle, SK||Dallas Stars (NHL)|
|61||F||Rick Nash||193 cm (6 ft 4 in)||99 kg (220 lb)||16 June 1984||Brampton, ON||Columbus Blue Jackets (NHL)|
|18||F||Mike Richards||180 cm (5 ft 11 in)||91 kg (200 lb)||11 February 1985||Kenora, ON||Philadelphia Flyers (NHL)|
|24||F||Corey Perry||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)||95 kg (210 lb)||16 May 1985||Peterborough, ON||Anaheim Ducks (NHL)|
|21||F||Eric Staal||193 cm (6 ft 4 in)||93 kg (210 lb)||29 October 1984||Thunder Bay, ON||Carolina Hurricanes (NHL)|
|19||F||Joe Thornton||193 cm (6 ft 4 in)||107 kg (240 lb)||2 July 1979||London, ON||San Jose Sharks (NHL)|
|16||F||Jonathan Toews||188 cm (6 ft 2 in)||96 kg (210 lb)||29 April 1988||Winnipeg, MB||Chicago Blackhawks (NHL)|
Defencemen Jay Bouwmeester and Stephane Robidas, forwards Jeff Carter, Steven Stamkos and Martin St. Louis, and goaltender Chris Mason were selected as reserves in case of injury during the tournament.
See also 
- Canada men's national ice sledge hockey team
- List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship players for Canada
- Hockey Canada
- Darren Eliot (February 15, 2002). "Final round wide open with six teams in the hunt". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
- "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics". BBC Sport. February 28, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 41–52
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 53–66
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 67–78
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 79–88
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 89–100
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 101–112
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 113–124
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 137–146
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 147–158
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 159–172
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 173–182
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
- Lapointe, Joe (February 1, 1998). "NAGANO '98; Wearing C, for Canada". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
- Elliott, Helene (February 28, 2010). "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Men's Ice Hockey: Team Canada Tournamement Standings and Statistics". International Olympic Committee.[dead link]
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4
- Wallechinsky, David (2002). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics (2002 ed.). New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-185-1
- Meltzer, Bill NHL.com article on 2007 IIHF World Championship gold medal. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- Hockey Canada home page
- CNNSI's 2002 hockey coverage
- Canada On Ice – The World Hockey Championships, 1920–2008