|— City —|
|Motto: "Wildlife, History, Tradition"|
|• Total||1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)|
|• Land||1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,425 ft (739 m)|
|• Density||1,731.0/sq mi (668.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1372905|
Canadian is a city in and the county seat of Hemphill County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,233 at the 2000 census. It is named for the Canadian River, a tributary of the nearby Arkansas River. Canadian is sometimes called "the oasis of the Texas Panhandle."
The trails along the river are older than recorded history. Francisco Coronado came through the area in 1541 in a vain search for the Seven Cities of Cibola. In 1840, Josiah Gregg and thirty-four men from Missouri passed through Canadian with trading goods worth $25,000 while en route to Santa Fe, New Mexico. In 1849, parties headed for the California gold rush passed through, led by Captain Randolph B. Marcy. In the 1870s and 1880, hunters, cattlemen, and settlers alike used the trails as the Panhandle was opened for civilization.
By the first decadae of the 1900s Canadian was a railroad and marketing center; it was served in the late 1920s by the Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas, one of the Frank Kell properties.
Canadian had a Baptist academy. Robert Moody (1838–1915), a banker, rancher, and academy trustee, built the Moody Hotel downtown to reflect on the future of the community. The three-story, brick-veneer structure replaced the former McIntosh Hotel. The Moody opened late in 1910 with forty guest rooms and an oak stairway. The hotel flourished until changing travel plans caused it to close. It now houses the Abraham Companies. Robert Moody's grandson, Robert R. Young, also a native of Canadian, was subsequently the chief officer of the New York Central Railroad.
Canadian is the site of one of fourteen branches of the Happy State Bank and Trust Company, based in Amarillo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Canadian has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,233 people, 869 households, and 625 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,731.0 people per square mile (668.3/km²). There were 1,047 housing units at an average density of 811.6 per square mile (313.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.94% White, 0.22% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.00% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.76% of the population.
There were 869 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,929, and the median income for a family was $38,676. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,384. About 12.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Canadian is served by the Canadian Independent School District.
Notable people 
- Malouf Abraham, Jr.
- Malouf Abraham, Sr.
- Tom Abraham
- Ken King
- Dave McCurdy
- Richard A. Waterfield
- Robert R. Young
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Canadian River, 1966
- "Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
- Texas Historical Commission, Historical marker, Moody Building, Canadian, Texas
- Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Canadian River, 1967