0.33% of the American Population
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
A Canadian American is someone who was born or grew up in Canada then moved to the United States. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives, or were educated, in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Mid-Western States, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.
The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English. French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate. However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore. This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec immigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930. Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.
This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist. According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000. Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.
Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).
Americans of Canadian descent 
- Walt Disney, Animator
- Will Durant, Historian and philosopher
- Thomas Edison, Inventor
- Brendan Fraser, Film and stage actor
- Missy Franklin, Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer
- James Naismith, inventor of basketball
- Rene Gagnon, U.S. Marine hero
- Robert Goulet, Singer and actor
- Mike Gravel, Senator from Alaska
- Phil Hendrie, Radio personality and comedian
- Jimi Hendrix, Musician 
- Jack Kerouac, Poet and writer
- Grace Metalious, Author
- Paul LePage, Governor of Maine
- Rudy Vallée, Saxophone player
- Mark Wahlberg, Actor
Canadians who obtained American citizenship 
- Pamela Anderson, actress
- Paul Anka, Singer-songwriter and actor
- Lucas Bryant
- Jim Carrey, Comedian and actor
- Marie Dressler, Actress
- David Frum, Speechwriter and journalist
- Frank Gehry, Architect
- Jennifer Granholm, 47th Governor of Michigan 2003-2011
- Phil Hartman, actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic artist.
- Chris Irvine, Professional wrestler known as Chris Jericho and Lead-Singer of Fozzy
- Louis B. Mayer, Film producer
- Mike Myers, Actor
- Alanis Morissette, Singer-songwriter
- Bob Nolan, Country Music singer-songwriter
- Mary Pickford, Actress and film executive
- Jason Priestley, Actor and director
- Charles Revson, Cosmetics pioneer, founder of Revlon
- Mack Sennett, Film director
- Joe Shuster, Comic book artist, co-creator of Superman
- George Beverly Shea, Gospel music singer-songwriter,
- Hank Snow, Country music singer-songwriter
- Jack Warner, Film executive
American cities founded by or named after Canadians 
- Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- Bourbonnais named after François Bourbonnais
- Dubuque, named after Julien Dubuque
- Juneau, named after Joe Juneau
- Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau
- Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- New Brunswick, New Jersey named after New Brunswick
- New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville
- Ontario, founded by George Chaffey
- Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant
- Vincennes founded by François-Marie Bissot
Canadian American Day 
The Connecticut State Senate in unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry. 
Aboriginal Canadian Americans 
As a consequence of Article 3 of Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border. But many of Canada's First Nations people identify with Canadians more so than Americans.
There are some institutions in the United States that focus on Canadian-American studies such as the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine, the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University, and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee
See also 
- Canadians of American origin American-Canadians
- Canada–United States relations
- French Canadian
- Hyphenated American
- Little Canadas
- Quebec diaspora
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- This American Life Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian", Chicago Public Radio, Broadcast May 30, 1997, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?episode=65
- "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Snowbird RV Parks". Rvthereyet.cc. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Willdurant.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Mike Gravel genealogy site
- "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
- "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Toronto News: Frank Gehry’s childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "Canada’s Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Top 100
- Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
- I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
- "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
- "NATIVE AMERICAN FREE PASSAGE RIGHTS UNDER THE 1794 JAY TREATY: SURVIVAL UNDER UNITED STATES STATUTORY LAW AND CANADIAN COMMON LAW". Bc.edu. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745–1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4609-9.
- "Canadian-American Center". Umaine.edu. March 31, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Canadian American Studies at WWU
Further reading 
- Hamilton, Janice (2006). Canadians in America. Lerner. ISBN 0-8225-2681-6.
- Jeffrey Simpson (2000) Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3