Aboriginal law is based on a variety of sources. Section 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867 gives the federal parliament exclusive power to legislate in matters related to "Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians. " Under this power, that legislative body has enacted the Indian Act, First Nations Land Management Act, Indian Oil and Gas Act, and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Act. Part II of the Constitution Act, 1982, recognizes Aboriginal treaty and land rights, with section 35 being particularly important. Section 35's recognition of Aboriginal rights refers to an ancient source of Aboriginal rights in custom.
^Elkins, David J. Watson, William, ed. Policy Options: Bye-Bye for Good? (May 1999) (Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy). p. 23 http://www.irpp.org/po/|url= missing title (help). Retrieved 10 February 2009.|chapter= ignored (help)