Canadian Alliance leadership elections

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The Canadian Alliance, a conservative political party in Canada, held two leadership elections to choose the party's leader. The first was held shortly after the party's founding in 2000, and the second was held in 2002. The party merged with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 2003 to form the Conservative Party of Canada.

The 1987 founding convention of the Reform Party of Canada elected Preston Manning as party leader by acclamation. Manning was re-ratified as leader at every subsequent convention of the party without opposition.

The Reform Party became the "Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance" (better known as the "Canadian Alliance") in 2000 and had its first contested leadership election. Canadian Alliance leadership votes were conducted via a pure one member, one vote system in which each party member cast a ballot with equal weight.

In the CA's system, the leader was the candidate who received 50% plus one of all votes cast (i.e., an absolute majority). If no candidate had an absolute majority on the first ballot, the top two candidates participated in a run-off election several weeks after the first ballot.

2000 leadership election[edit]

First Ballot -- June 24, 2000[1]

Stockwell Day 53,249 44.17%
Preston Manning 43,527 36.10%
Tom Long 21,894 18.16%
Keith Martin 1,676 1.39%
John Stachow 211 0.18%
Total ballots cast 120,557 100%

Second Ballot -- July 8, 2000

Stockwell Day 72,349 63.4%
Preston Manning 41,869 36.6%
Total ballots cast 114,218 100%

Candidates[edit]

Stockwell Day: Progressive Conservative Treasurer of Alberta, and former assistant pastor and school administrator at a Christian school.

Preston Manning: founder of the Reform Party, Member of Parliament for Calgary Southwest (Alberta).

Tom Long: lawyer, former president of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario.

Keith Martin: physician and Member of Parliament for the riding of Esquimalt—Juan de Fuca (British Columbia). Martin advocated a position that was conservative on economic issues but is socially liberal.

John Stachow: Ontario Hydro worker,[2] advocate of a "social credit", and that the government of Canada to assume direct control over the nation's money supply, rather than leaving this responsibility in the hands of private banks. Opponent of the 1913 Bank Act.[3]

2002 leadership election[edit]

March 20, 2002[4]

First Ballot

Stephen Harper 48,561 55.0%
Stockwell Day 33,074 37.5%
Diane Ablonczy 3,370 3.8%
Grant Hill 3,223 3.7%
Total ballots cast 88,228 100%

Stephen Harper: President of the National Citizens Coalition; Reform Party Member of Parliament, 1993-1997, for Calgary West (Alberta).

Stockwell Day: incumbent leader, Member of Parliament for Okanagan—Coquihalla (British Columbia).

Diane Ablonczy: lawyer, Member of Parliament for Calgary North, then Calgary—Nose Hill (Alberta).

Grant Hill: medical doctor, Member of Parliament for Macleod (Alberta).

During the early campaign, Toronto drag queen Enza Anderson also declared her candidacy for the leadership, although she dropped her bid before the official registration deadline.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jon H. Pammett and Christopher Dornan (ed) (2001). The Canadian General Election of 2000. Dundurn Press. 
  2. ^ Faron Ellis, The Limits of Participation: Members and Leaders in Canada's Reform Party, University of Calgary Press, 2005, p.173 ISBN 1-55238-156-0
  3. ^ Irene Gentle, "Leadership Debate as Entertaining as Circus", in The Canadian Champion, June 9, 2000, p.7
  4. ^ Jon H. Pammett and Christopher Dorman (2004). The Canadian General Election of 2004. Dundrun Press. p. 79. ISBN 1550025163.