|Regions with significant populations|
|NorthEast • Midwest • Southwest • Southeast|
|American English • Canadian English
• French (Acadian•Canadian•New England)
|Roman Catholicism • Protestantism • non-religious|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Americans, American Canadian, Canadian, French American, French Canadian, British American, English Canadian, British, French|
Canadian Americans are Americans who were born and/or grew up in Canada and later moved south into the United States, or born to parents of Canadian ancestry. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives, or were educated, in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.
The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English. French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate. However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore.. This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930. Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.
This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist. According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000. Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.
Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).
Americans of Canadian descent
- Phil Hendrie, Radio host, provocateur
- Amanda Bynes, Actress (Canadian grandparents)
- Walter Chrysler, automotive industry executive and founder of the Chrysler Corporation
- Ted Cruz, Senator
- Walt Disney, Animator
- Will Durant, Historian and philosopher
- Thomas Edison, Inventor
- Brendan Fraser, Film and stage actor
- Missy Franklin, Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer
- Rene Gagnon, U.S. Marine hero
- Judy Garland, Actress (Canadian grandfather)
- Robert Goulet, Singer and actor
- Mike Gravel, Senator from Alaska
- Phil Hendrie, Radio personality and comedian
- Jimi Hendrix, Musician 
- Alex Karras, Football player and actor
- Jack Kerouac, Poet and writer
- Grace Metalious, Author
- Paul LePage, Governor of Maine
- Rudy Vallée, Saxophone player
- Rufus Wainwright, singer-songwriter and composer
- Mark Wahlberg, Actor
- Matt Groening, Cartoonist (Canadian-born father)
- Shirley MacLaine, Actress and writer (Candian-born mother)
- Anjelica Huston, Actress (Canadian-born grandfather)
Canadians who obtained American citizenship
- Pamela Anderson, actress
- Paul Anka, Singer-songwriter and actor
- Elizabeth Arden, Businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc.
- Conrad Bain, actor
- Manjul Bhargava, R. Brandon Fradd Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University
- George Bridgman, painter, writer, and teacher in the fields of anatomy and figure drawing
- Martin Brodeur, hockey player
- Edgar Bronfman, Sr., businessman and philanthropist
- Jim Carrey, Comedian and actor
- Yvonne De Carlo, actress, singer, and dancer
- David James Elliott, actor
- Marie Dressler, Actress
- Francis P. Duffy, soldier, Roman Catholic priest and military chaplain
- Alice Eastwood, botanist
- Hal Foster, Illustrator and writer
- Michael J. Fox, Actor
- David Frum, Speechwriter and journalist
- Fred Fuchs, television and film produce
- Frank Gehry, Architect
- Jennifer Granholm, 47th Governor of Michigan 2003-2011
- Phil Hartman, actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic artist.
- James J. Hill, railroad executive
- Ken Holland, professional goaltender and current General Manager and executive Vice President of the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League
- Chris Irvine, Professional wrestler known as Chris Jericho and Lead-Singer of Fozzy
- Peter Jennings, journalist and news anchor
- Roy Jenson, actor
- Jenny Jones, stand-up comedian and talk show host
- John Kay, rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist
- Gordon Korman, author
- Richard Kromm, ice hockey player
- Bruce Major, businessman and former National Hockey League player for the Quebec Nordiques
- Bill Masterton, professional ice hockey player
- Louis B. Mayer, Film producer
- Burt Metcalfe, television and film producer, director, and writer
- Alanis Morissette, Singer-songwriter
- James Naismith, inventor of basketball
- Louis Nirenberg, mathematician
- Bob Nolan, Country Music singer-songwriter
- Catherine O'Hara, actress, writer and comedian
- Leonard Peikoff, philosopher
- Mary Pickford, Actress and film executive
- Jason Priestley, Actor and director
- James Randi, Stage magician and scientific skeptic
- James R. Reid, Presbyterian minister
- Charles Revson, Cosmetics pioneer, founder of Revlon
- Hugh Ross, astrophysicist, Christian apologist, and old earth creationist
- Harold Russell, World War II veteran who became one of only two non-professional actors to win an Academy Award for acting
- John Saunders sports journalist
- Mack Sennett, Film director
- William Shatner, actor, musician, singer, author, film director, spokesman and comedian
- Douglas Shearer, Pioneer sound designer and recording director
- Martin Short, Actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Joe Shuster, Comic book artist, co-creator of Superman
- George Beverly Shea, Gospel music singer-songwriter,
- Hank Snow, Country music singer-songwriter
- Brett Somers, actress, singer, and comedian
- Alex Trebek, television personality
- Ravi Vakil, mathematician working in algebraic geometry
- Jack Warner, Film executive
- Dare Wright, children's author, model and photographer
- Steve Yzerman, professional ice hockey player and current general manager of the Tampa Bay Lightning of the National Hockey League.
- Zeeshan Zaidi, Lead singer and guitarist for The Commuters, President and Co-Founder of Host Committee
American cities founded by or named after Canadians
- Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- Bourbonnais named after François Bourbonnais
- Dubuque, named after Julien Dubuque
- Huron, founded by John Baptiste Flemmond
- Juneau, named after Joe Juneau
- Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau
- Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville
- Ontario, founded by George Chaffey
- Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant
- Vincennes founded by François-Marie Bissot
Canadian American Day
The Connecticut State Senate in unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry. 
Aboriginal Canadian Americans
As a consequence of Article 3 of Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border. But many of Canada's First Nations people identify with Canadians more so than Americans.
There are some institutions in the United States that focus on Canadian-American studies such as the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine, the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University, and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee
- Canadians of American origin American-Canadians
- Canada–United States relations
- French Canadian
- Hyphenated American
- Little Canadas
- Quebec diaspora
- Mark Paul Richard, "From 'Canadien' to American: The Acculturation of French-Canadian Descendants in Lewiston, Maine, 1860 to the Present", PhD dissertation Duke U. 2002; Dissertation Abstracts International, 2002 62(10): 3540-A. DA3031009, 583p.
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423-453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups,Stephan Thernstorm, Harvard College, 1980, p 392
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- This American Life Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian", Chicago Public Radio, Broadcast May 30, 1997, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?episode=65
- "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Stewart, Alice R. (1987), "The Franco-Americans of Maine: A Historiographical Essay", Maine Historical Society Quarterly 26 (3): 160–179
- "Snowbird RV Parks". Rvthereyet.cc. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Willdurant.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Mike Gravel genealogy site
- "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
- "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Toronto News: Frank Gehry’s childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "Canada’s Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Top 100
- Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
- I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
- "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
- "NATIVE AMERICAN FREE PASSAGE RIGHTS UNDER THE 1794 JAY TREATY: SURVIVAL UNDER UNITED STATES STATUTORY LAW AND CANADIAN COMMON LAW". Bc.edu. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745–1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4609-9.
- "Canadian-American Center". Umaine.edu. March 31, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Canadian American Studies at WWU
- Hamilton, Janice (2006). Canadians in America. Lerner. ISBN 0-8225-2681-6.
- Jeffrey Simpson (2000) Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3