Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums

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Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums
Caza logo.png
Type National not-for-profit organization
Founded 1975[1]
Headquarters
Origins CAZPA[2]
Area served Canada
Focus(es) Zoo and aquarium accreditation and advocacy
Method(s) Accreditation
Website caza.ca

Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums - CAZA (French: Aquariums et Zoos Accrédités du Canada - AZAC) represents the leading zoological parks and aquariums in Canada. CAZA-AZAC promotes the welfare of, and encourages the advancement and improvement of, zoological parks, aquariums and related animal exhibits in Canada as humane agencies of recreation, education, conservation, and science.[1] It is a member of IUCN,[3] and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).[4]

By standardizing professional conduct and practices through a comprehensive accreditation program [5] with a respected Code of Ethics,[6] CAZA-AZAC member zoos and aquariums are internationally recognized for their high standards of animal care. Many Canadian Municipalities and Provinces have adopted these standards in legislation.[1]

CAZA-AZAC member zoos and aquariums nurture, protect and care for more than 100,000 animals representing over 2000 species, many involved in important ex-situ and in-situ conservation projects. These wildlife ambassadors reach an estimated 11 million annual visitors helping develop an emotional connection, appreciation and concern for wildlife.[1]

History[edit]

Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums - Aquariums et Zoos Accrédités du Canada (CAZA-AZAC), was founded in June 1975 at the Palliser Hotel in Calgary Alberta, during the regional conference of what was then the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums (AAZPA). This organization was later renamed the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). At CAZA-AZAC's formation it was named the Canadian Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums - L'Association Canadienne des Jardins Zoologiques et des Aquariums (CAZPA-ACJZA). This name was changed in 1997 to the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquarium – L'Association des Zoos et Aquariums du Canada (CAZA-AZAC). In 2012 the name was changed again to Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums - Aquariums et Zoos Accrédités du Canada (CAZA-AZAC).[7]

Criticism[edit]

CAZA has been criticized by animal protection organizations around the world for condoning wild capture of animals to be used in circus-like shows at its members facilities. A joint report by Zoocheck Canada and World Animal Protection stated among its conclusions:

The 11 page C.A.Z.A. Standards Of Animal Care And Housing are overly generic and subject to interpretation. Some key animal care and accommodation provisions are too brief and ambiguous, while a number of words and terms used throughout the standards are not defined or are not provided with an appropriate explanatory context. To a large extent, interpretation of the standards is contingent on the expertise, experience and bias of accreditation inspection team members. There is however, another important question that must be answered. If CAZA accredited facilities are not required to meet CAZA’s own standards, what exactly does accreditation mean? Accreditation does not appear to mean that the biological and behavioural needs of animals in CAZA accredited facilities are being met.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "CAZA-AZAC". caza.ca. Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  2. ^ History - CAZA-AZAC
  3. ^ "Members Database". iucn.org. IUCN. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "World Association of Zoos and Aquariums". waza.org. World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "CAZA-AZAC Accreditation Program". caza.ca. Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "CAZA-AZAC Code of Professional Ethics". caza.ca. Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "CAZA-AZAC History". caza.ca. Canada's Accredited Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Laidlaw, Rob (January 2002). "Commentary on the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums (CAZA) accreditation process: Marineland of Canada Niagara Falls" (pdf-84 Kb). World Animal Protection (Canada) & Zoocheck Canada Inc. p. 20. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links[edit]