Canadian Civil Liberties Association
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The Canadian Civil Liberties Association or CCLA, is Canada's leading national organization devoted to the defence of civil liberties and constitutional rights, both inside and outside the courts. The organization's work focuses on constitutional litigation, law reform, advocating on civil liberties issues before public officials and elected bodies, and public education. The CCLA is a nonpartisan, non-governmental organization supported through the donations of its members and the public; the CCLA does not accept funding from any level of government. The CCLA is closely connected with the Canadian Civil Liberties Education Trust (CCLET), the non-profit research and educational arm of the organization, that works with schools, educational institutions, and faculties of education to educate Canadians about their rights and freedoms.
The CCLA was founded in 1964 and is based in Toronto, Ontario. Nathalie Des Rosiers (LL.B., Université de Montréal; LL.M., Harvard University; LL.D honoris causa, Law Society of Upper Canada) formerly was the CCLA General Counsel since 2009. However, Nathalie Des Rosiers is no longer the General Counsel and has been replaced, effective August 6, 2013, by Sukanya Pillay. Ms. Des Rosiers had previously served as president of the Law Commission of Canada from 2000 to 2004 and Dean of the Civil Law Section of the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law from 2004 to 2008. Prior to Ms. Des Rosiers, Alan Borovoy OC served as CCLA General Counsel since 1968. He now serves as General Counsel Emeritus. The CCLA's current president is Marsha Hanen, who is also a former president of the University of Winnipeg. Its current Vice Presidents include Marlys Edwardh, Ed Greenspan Q.C., and John D. McCamus. Its current Board of Directors includes Ed Broadbent, Frank Addario, David Cronenberg and Deepa Mehta.
The CCLA notably spoke out vigorously against the 1970 invocation of the War Measures Act by then Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau in response to the October Crisis in Quebec. Since that time, the CCLA has spoken out publicly on a number of leading civil rights issues, sometimes taking principled positions on issue like hate speech, pornography and public funding for religious education law that have proven controversial. Most recently, the CCLA has become one of the leading voices advocating for accountability and review of policing relating to the 2010 G20 Summit in Toronto, Ontario.
The CCLA's records are preserved at Library and Archives Canada.
The CCLA has intervened in numerous cases before the Supreme Court of Canada. All of the CCLA's intervenor factums (written legal submissions to the Court) are available on its website. Most of these cases involve the interpretation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Canada's constitutional bill of rights.
- Canadian Civil Liberties Education Trust
- British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
- American Civil Liberties Union