Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute
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|Type||Think tank on Canadian Defence and Foreign Policy issues|
|Purpose/focus||To be a catalyst for innovative Canadian global engagement|
|Headquarters||Suite 1600, 530 8th Ave. SW|
The Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute (CDFAI) is an independent, non-partisan research institute based in Calgary with offices in Ottawa. Incorporated as a charitable organization in 2001, the institute pursues new ideas to focus the national debate and understanding of Canada’s international policies with the ultimate aim of ensuring a more globally engaged Canada. CDFAI believes that doing so enhances Canadian security and prosperity. CDFAI is dedicated to educating Canadians, and particularly those who have leadership roles in shaping Canadian foreign policy, about the importance of Canada always being proactive in world affairs with tangible diplomatic, military and aid assets.
Through its Fellows program, CDFAI has gathered a group of highly experienced and talented individuals with defence, diplomacy and development backgrounds—both academic and practitioners—who support the institute by authoring research papers and responding to media queries. CDFAI also runs conferences and courses, initiates polling, and develops outreach and education projects.
CDFAI was originally established to provide informative and accessible analysis of Canada’s international activities to Canadians. CDFAI stated belief is that an understanding of Canada’s foreign policy needs to go far beyond a view of trade and markets. The institute believes that Canada’s international engagement is essential in helping to maintain a world that is friendly to the free flow of goods, services, people and ideas across borders, and the promotion of Capitalism. As such, part of institute’s efforts has been to highlight to connection between a prosperous and free Canada and a world of globalization and liberal internationalism. The result of Canada being a trading nation is that its prosperity is directly connected to international trade, particularly with the United States.
Canada has a significant role to play in a world that is changing quickly and not necessarily for the better. As such, CDFAI’s goal as an independent organization drawing on the best talent, from both academia and the 'real' world, is to provide rigorous analysis of, and workable ideas for, Canada’s international involvement.
In producing its research, CDFAI works on the foundation of certain assumptions. Principally, CDFAI focus on conducting authoritative research in the field of Canadian international affairs as its core area of expertise. When suitable, CDFAI collaborates with other organizations in order to provide the highest possible quality of analysis. CDFAI ensures that the research it produces, either in partnership or independently, meets the highest level of objectivity and credibility. Ultimately it is the belief that CDFAI can make a real difference in informing Canadians about Canada’s global engagement.
Values & Beliefs 
Research that is produced by CDFAI is based on certain values and beliefs.
- A nation’s international influence governs its ability to defend and advance its national interests, be they cultural, economic, social, or political.
- International status is determined by a combination of cultural influence, diplomatic leadership, economic power, military power or moral authority. Canada maintains its place in the world through a judicious balancing of these five factors.
- Canada’s quality of life and standard of living depends on international trade and the free flow of people and ideas across international boundaries. Therefore, Canada has a vested interest in a peaceful, democratic world, wherein human rights and freedoms are given the upmost importance.
- Canada’s global responsibilities ought to determine its spending on defence, security, foreign affairs and international aid.
- Canada is well positioned to make significant contribution to international peace and security as a result of its economic prosperity and political and social values.
- If Canada participated in international affairs, at or near its potential, the world would be a more stable and secure place.
- Understanding Canada’s international interests and the role it can play in the world, in combination with the application of Canadian values, is a prerequisite to acting responsibly as a nation.
- Authoritative analysis and research is necessary to develop logical arguments and create innovative ideas that persuade Canadians to support an active global presence.
The Dispatch 
CDFAI produces a quarterly newsletter called The Dispatch. The Dispatch brings together CDFAI fellows to provide critical insight on international issues important to Canada in the world.
Papers and Research 
The research that is undertaken by CDFAI through its Fellow program, composed of a strong cadre of former practitioners and academics, is designed to raise the level of knowledge and appreciation about issues of Canadian defence, foreign policy, development and international aid. The institute produces Research Papers, Policy Papers, Policy Updates, Country Studies, a Monthly Column by Jack Granatstein and the Primer Series written by CDFAI Vice-President Colin Robertson which is meant to give an introductory "need to know" overview, from a Canadian perspective, of important world events.
Strategic Studies Working Group 
The Strategic Studies Working Group (SSWG) is a partnership between the Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute and the Canadian International Council (CIC), which incorporates the former Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies. The SSWG is administered by CDFAI which also conducts research and produces publications on security and defence issues on behalf of the partnership. All projects undertaken by the SSWG are first approved by CIC and are co-published or co e-published according to CIC standards.
The SSWG has begun to host E-Conferences on issues related to defence and security. The e-conferences are structured to take place over a number of weeks, with each week having a specific topic. The e-conferences include regular commentaries by academics and practitioners, Twitter Q&A's, live chats and major articles placed in national media.
- The Future of Fighting conference focused on the what the Canadian Forces might look like in the coming decade to reflect the changing funding and combat environment.
- The Drone Week conference was focused on understanding some of the practical, legal and moral questions surrounding the current use of drones and what future lies ahead for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles.
The SSWG produces Research Papers which keep in line with the partnership's purpose of focusing on defence and security topips. The Strategic Profile Canada is a project which provides a comprehensive overview of Canada's demographic, economic and military information.
3Ds Blog 
The 3Ds Blog is a site managed by CDFAI and provides defence and security news from Canada and around the world. Blog updates are made by CDFAI fellows, the majority coming from Mark Collins.
Speakers Series 
CDFAI organizes a speakers series which is annually themed on a specific topic of importance to Canadian defence and foreign affairs issues. The speaking events are held quarterly in Calgary and brings together business people, academics, and praticioners to listen to and important and influential thinkers in Canada. Former speakers include Peter MacKay, Minister of National Defence; Michael Bell former diplomat; and Yuen Pau Woo, president and CEO of the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada among others.
From 2002 to 2010 CDFAI hosted annual conferences in Ottawa around critical issues in Canadian defence and foreign policy. These conferences attracted high-calibre speakers, key policy makers, prominent academics, and a large number of the interested public.
- Canada's National Strategic Relations: NATO & NORAD
- Canada & The United States: What Does It Mean To Be Good Neighbours?
- Canada as the “Emerging Energy Superpower”: Testing the Case
- Foreign Policy Under a Conservative Government: An Interim Report Card
- The World in Canada: Demographics, Diversity & Domestic Politics in Canadian Foreign Policy
- Defining the National Interest
- Changing Canadian Foreign Policy
- Canada-US Strategic Partnership
Ross Munro Award 
The Ross Munro Media Award was initiated, in 2002, by the Conference of Defence Associations, in concert with the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute. Its purpose is to recognize, annually, one Canadian journalist who has made a significant and outstanding contribution to the understanding, by the general public, of Canada’s defence and security issues. Submissions can be made in either of Canada’s official languages.
- Mr. Adam Day (2012) - Legion Magazine
- Ms. Rosie DiManno (2011) - Toronto Star
- Mr. Murray Brewster (2010) - The Canadian Press
- Mr. Brian Stewart (2009)
- Mr. Alec Castonguay (2008) - Le Devoir & L’actualité
- Mr. Matthew Fisher (2007) – Canwest
- Ms. Christie Blatchford (2006) - The Globe and Mail
- Mr. Bruce Campion-Smith (2005) - Toronto Star
- Ms. Sharon Hobson (2004) - Jane’s Defence Weekly
- Mr. Garth Pritchard (2003)
- Mr. Stephen Thorne (2002) - The Canadian Press
Military Journalism Course 
The Military Journalism Course was started in 2002 as a nine-day course which introduces university students to military journalism and the Canadian Armed Forces. The course is run in partnership with the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary and includes a combination of media-military theory in a classroom setting, coupled with field visits to Armed Forces regular and reserve units. The stated goal of the program is to enhance the military education of future Canadian journalists who will report on Canadian military activities domestically and abroad. In 2007, the program introduced its first Francophone Military Journalism course held at the Université de Montréal and Canadian Forces Base Valcartier, near Québec City.
Corporate Structure 
Board of directors 
Eight directors focus on governance, stewardship and external relations.
- Robert J. S. Gibson - Managing Director of Alsten Holdings Ltd., currently holds the position of Honorary Colonel of the Calgary Highlanders since 2002.
- Bob Booth - Senior partner in the Calgary office of Bennett Jones LLP and is a director at ATCO Ltd. and at Canadian Utilities Limited.
- Brian Flemming, CM, QC, DCL - Counsel at the law firm of McInnes Cooper. Honorary Fellow of Dalhousie University's Marine and Environmental Law Institute.
- Robert B. Hamilton - Executive with the Royal Bank Financial Group. Board member of the Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation, the Calgary Stampede Foundation, and the Wilfrid Laurier University Board of Governors.
- Steve Letwin - President and Chief Executive Officer of IAMGOLD. Director, Corporate Campaign Committee of Texas Children's Hospital; Patron, UNICEF Alberta, Canada; and Director, YMCA Calgary, Canada.
- Robert S. Millar - Former Brigadier-General in the Canadian Forces and founding President of Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute.
- Hugh Segal, CM - Senator for Kingston-Frontenac-Leeds, Senior Fellow of the Queen’s School of Policy Studies, and a Member of both the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, and of the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance in Stockholm.
- Michael M. Shaw - 30 years with the ATCO Group of Companies. Member of the World Presidents’ Organization, serves on the Board of Directors of Chariot Carriers Inc., Great Western Brewing Co., AVIVA Canada, Cash Store Financial Services Inc., and ITC Construction Group.
Advisory Council 
Fourteen advisors provide feedback on current and future programs.
- Denis Stairs, OC - Chair - Professor Emeritus in Political Science and a Faculty Fellow in the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie University. Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a member of the Board of Directors of the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre.
- Perrin Beatty, PC - Member of Parliament from 1972-1993. Held potfolios including Minister of National Revenue, Solicitor General of Canada, Minister of National Defence, Minister of National Health and Welfare and Minister of Communications. President and CEO of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and Chancellor of the University of Ontario Institute of Technology.
- Jocelyn Coulon - Director of the Peace Operations Research Network, at the Centre d'études et de recherches internationales de l'Université de Montréal.
- Robert Fowler - Former Deputy Minister of National Defence, Ambassador to the United Nations, Italy and UN Special Envoy to Niger.
- Jack Granatstein, OC, FRSC - Historian specializing in military history. Former director and CEO of the Canadian War Museum.
- Peter Harder - Senior Policy advisor at Fraser Milner Casgrain. President of the Canada China Business Council. Former Deputy Minister of Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.
- Dan Hays, PC - Senator from 1984-2007 and former Leader of the Opposition in the Senate. Senior partner with Norton Rose Canada.
- Raymond Henault, CMM, MSC, CD - Chief of Defence Staff from 2001-2004 and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee from 2005-2008.
- Don Macnamara, CD - First Chair of the Canadian International Council's Strategic Studies Working Group and is the current Chair of the Board of Governors of the Royal Military College of Canada.
- John Manley, PC, OC - President and Chief Executive of the Canadian Council of Chief Executives. Former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada and Minister of Industry, Foreign Affairs and Finance.
- David Pratt, PC - Member of Parliament from 1997-2003 and former Minister of National Defence from 2003-2004.
- Robin Sears - Member of Earnscliffe Strategy Group in Ottawa. Former national director of the New Democratic Party from 1974-1981.
- Elinor Sloan - Professor of International Relations in the Department of Political Science at Carleton University.
- Rob Wright - Canadian Ambassador to Japan from 2001-2005 and to China from 2005-2009.
Distinguished Research Fellows 
- David Bercuson, OC, FRSC - Full-time professor at the University of Calgary, Director of the University's Centre for Military and Strategic Studies and Director of Programs at the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute.
- Ferry De Kerckhove - Former Ambassador to Indonesia (accredited to Timor Leste), Egypt and former Canadian High Commissioner to Pakistan.
- Jack Granatstein
- Andy Leslie, CMM, MSC, MSM, CD - Attained the rank of Lieutenant-General and served as the Chief of the Land Staff and Commander of the Land Forces (Army). In 2010 he was appointed Canadian Forces Chief of Transformation and tasked with reporting on where future funding for the CF should be directed. Retired from the Canadian Forces in 2011 and is Senior Vice President at CGI Group.
- Colin Robertson - Honorary captain in the Royal Canadian Navy and former Consul General in Los Angeles. Currently a Senior Strategic adviser for McKenna, Long and Aldridge LLP and works with the CCCE. Sits on the board of the Conference of Defence Associations Institute and Canada World Youth.
- Hugh Segal
- Denis Stairs
Senior Research Fellows 
- Barry Cooper - Teaches political philosophy at the University of Calgary. Publishes a regular column in the Calgary Herald and other CanWest Global papers. Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and of the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary.
- Daryl Copeland - Served as a Canadian diplomat to Ethiopia, Malaysia, New Zealand and Thailand. Author of the book Guerrilla Diplomacy: Rethinking International Relations, released in July 2009.
- Hrach Gregorian - President of the Washington D.C. based research organization, the Institute of World Affairs. Member of the Graduate Faculty, School of Peace and Conflict Management, Royal Roads University; Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Global Studies, University of Victoria; Adjunct Professorial Lecturer, School of International Service, American University.
- Frank Harvey - University Research Professor of International Relations at Dalhousie University.
- Rob Huebert - Associate professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Calgary. Associate director of the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies.
- Philippe Lagassé - Assistant professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa. External advisor for the Office of the Auditor General of Canada and a member of the Independent Review Panel overseeing the evaluation of options to sustain Canada's fighter aircraft capabilities within the National Fighter Procurement Secretariat.
- Roland Paris - University Research Chair in International Security and Governance at the University of Ottawa. Founding Director of the Centre for International Policy Studies and Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. Former research director at the Conference Board of Canada.
- David Pratt
- Elinor Sloan
- Ron Wallace
Research Fellows 
- Bob Bergen - Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Calgary’s Centre for Military and Strategic Studies.
- Brian Bow - Associate Professor of Political Science at Dalhousie University, and a Senior Fellow at American University’s Center for North American Studies.
- Gavin Cameron - Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science and Associate Director of the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary. Member of the Executive Board of the Canadian Association for Security & Intelligence Studies.
- Aurélie Campana - Associate professor in political science at Laval University. She holds the Canada Research Chair on conflicts and terrorism. She is also member of the Institut québécois des hautes études internationales of the Centre Internationale de Criminologie Comparée and of the Canadian Research Network on Terrorism, Security and Society.
- David Carment - Professor of International Affairs at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University.
- Mark Collins - Former Canadian diplomat to Pakistan (covering Afghanistan) and Yugoslavia (covering Bulgaria).
- James Fergusson - Professor in the Department of Political Studies and Director of the Centre for Defence and Security Studies at the University of Manitoba. Member of the Defence Science Advisory Board and the Honorary Colonel of the Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Studies.
- John Ferris - Former the Head of the Department of History at the University of Calgary.
- Andrew Godefroy, CD - Strategic analyst serving on the adjunct faculties at the Royal Military College of Canada and the University of Calgary. Fellow at the Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies.
- Whitney Lackenbauer - Associate professor and chair of the Department of History at St. Jerome’s University (University of Waterloo). Fellow with the Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies, the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, the Centre for International Governance Innovation, and the Arctic Institute of North America.
- Natalia Loukacheva - Research Associate at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. Adjunct Professor at Osgoode Hall Law School's graduate program on energy and infrastructure, York University.
- George Macdonald - Senior Partner with CFN Consultants. Former Vice Chief of the Defence Staff from 2001 to 2004.
- Sarah Meharg - Adjunct Professor at the Royal Military College of Canada and the Senior Research Associate at the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre in Ottawa, Canada. President of Peace and Conflict Planners.
- John Noble - Former Consul General to Monaco, and former ambassador to Greece, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University; a Senior Distinguished Fellow of the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University.
- Joël Plouffe - Research Fellow at the Raoul-Dandurand Chair of Strategic and Diplomatic Studies at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Visiting Professor at the Jackson School for International Studies at the University of Washington in Seattle.
- Stephen Randall, FRSC - Professor of History at the University of Calgary and Director of the Latin American Research Centre.
- Hugh Stephens - Executive-in-Residence at the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada and Vice Chair of the Canadian Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation.
- David Wright - Associate Professor in the Department of History and Senior Research Fellow of the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary.
Distinguished Alumni 
- Derek Burney, OC - Former Ambassador to the United States 1989-1993 and chief of staff to the Prime Minister 1987-1989. Senior Strategic Advisor at Norton Rose Canada. Visiting Professor and Senior Distinguished Fellow at Carleton University and Chancellor at Lakehead University.
- Brian Flemming
- Sharon Hobson - Canadian correspondent for Jane’s Defence Weekly.
- Mike Jeffery, CMM, CD - Former Chief of the Land Staff from August 2000 to May 2003. Honorary Campaign Chairman for the Royal Canadian Artillery Heritage Campaign.
- Eric Lerhe - Former Commodore, Commander of Canadian Fleet Pacific and Task Group Commander in the Persian Gulf during the War on Terror in 2002.
- Cameron Ross - Major-General (retired), Formerly a UN Assistant Secretary-General and senior UN official in Syria. Executive Fellow of the School of Public Policy, University of Calgary.
- Gordon Smith - Director of the Centre for Global Studies, and Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Victoria. Former ambassador to EU & NATO and former deputy minister of Foreign Affairs.
Each of CDFAI’s projects is developed to bring attention to pressing defence and foreign policy issues with the ultimate aim of strengthening Canada’s international role. These projects not only analyze the issues but also offer solutions. By publishing the results of these research projects, CDFAI provides policymakers information, with which to carry out policy formulation and administration in a more informed manner. It also allows interested Canadians to become more knowledgeable.
CDFAI is making a difference and, although it cannot take credit alone, it was one of the first organizations to recommend a change away from values-based international rhetoric to investing in assets to help solve international problems. Both the recent Liberal and now the Conservative governments are beginning to do just that.
The University of Pennsylvania ranked CDFAI 4th in its list of Top Think Tanks in Canada in their 2012 "Global Go-To Think Tank" Rankings.
- University of Pennsylvania, 2012 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report