Canadian Heritage Rivers System
The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) was established in 1984 by the federal, provincial and territorial governments to conserve and protect the best examples of Canada's river heritage, to give them national recognition, and to encourage the public to enjoy and appreciate them. It is a cooperative program of the governments of Canada, nine provinces, and the three territories. A 14-member national board, created under the Parks Canada Agency Act, administers the program. Quebec withdrew its participation in 2006.
The first Canadian Heritage River was the French River in Ontario, designated in 1986, and rivers are now designated in every province and territory except for Quebec. There are currently 38 designated and 4 nominated rivers.
The rivers currently designated as a Canadian Heritage River are:
|Arctic Red River||Northwest Territories||1993|
|Bay du Nord River||Newfoundland||2006|
|Bonnet Plume River||Yukon||1998|
|Cowichan River||British Columbia||2003|
|Fraser River||British Columbia||1998|
|Hillsborough River||Prince Edward Island||1997|
|Kicking Horse River||Alberta/British Columbia||1989|
|Margaree River||Nova Scotia||1998|
|North Saskatchewan River||Alberta/British Columbia||1989|
|Saint John River||New Brunswick||2013|
|Shelburne River||Nova Scotia||1997|
|South Nahanni River||Northwest Territories||1987|
|St. Croix River||New Brunswick||1991|
|St. Marys River||Ontario||2000|
|The Three Rivers||Prince Edward Island||2004|
|Upper Restigouche River||New Brunswick||1998|
|Yukon River (The Thirty Mile Section)||Yukon||1991|
|Adams River||British Columbia||2008|
As of 2011, Quebec is the only province or territory to not have a designated or nominated river. Quebec withdrew its participation in the Canadian Heritage Rivers System in 2006.
Quebec's lack of participation potentially impacts nominations for rivers shared with other provinces. In 1998, the New Brunswick portion of the Restigouche River was designated (as "Upper Restigouche"), while the Quebec portion was not. The Ottawa River was nominated in 2007, but local media reports acknowledged the challenge facing the Ottawa River's bid, as only the Ontario portion of the river would be designated and protected. Unlike the Restigouche, the Ottawa River forms much of the Ontario-Quebec border, so protecting the Ontario shore would be somewhat pointless if the Quebec shore wasn't also protected.
- American Heritage Rivers, America's counterpart to the Canadian Heritage Rivers System