Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
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The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) is an institute of advanced study that creates and maintains global research networks working on complex areas of inquiry. It is supported by individuals, foundations and corporations, as well as funding from the Government of Canada and the Provinces of Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta. It was founded in 1982.
CIFAR staff supports the research of nearly 400 researchers, of which about half are located within Canada while the rest are located abroad. The President and CEO is directly responsible to the Chairman and the Board of Directors, who are responsible for funding allocation and approval of research programs. In May 2012, Alan Bernstein became president and CEO.
As of 2007, CIFAR supports research in 12 major multidisciplinary areas:
- Cosmology and Gravity (established 1986)
- Earth System Evolution (established 1992)
- Integrated Microbial Biodiversity (established 2007)
- Experience-based Brain and Biological Development (established 2003)
- Genetic Networks (established 2005)
- Institutions, Organizations, and Growth (established 2004)
- Nanoelectronics (established 1999)
- Neural Computation and Adaptive Perception (established 2004)
- Quantum Materials (established 1987)
- Quantum Information Processing (established 2002)
- Social Interactions, Identity and Well-Being (established 2005)
- Successful Societies (established 2002)
- Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
- Evolutionary Biology
- Population Health
- Human Development
- Laws and the Determinants of Social Order
- Economic Growth and Policy
- Science of Soft Surfaces and Interfaces
CIFAR works with senior academics around the world to identify major new areas of scholarly research where Canada has potential to lead. The institute assembles diverse groups of scholars in its programs, many of whom are established leaders in their fields, and others of who are rising academic stars. The institute invests in the researchers themselves, not in buildings, equipment, or laboratory supplies.
CIFAR supports advanced research by providing program members with such time-freeing benefits as teaching release, funding to hire graduate students and post-doctoral fellows, and general research funding.
The CIFAR research model employs "deep collaboration" at regular program meetings. These meetings exist to bring together researchers from different countries, institutions, disciplines and levels of experience, who might never otherwise meet.
Since the Institute’s inception, 14 Nobel laureates have been associated with CIFAR.
- Willard Boyle
- George A. Akerlof
- Sidney Altman
- Philip W. Anderson
- Kenneth Arrow
- Walter Gilbert
- Leland H. Hartwell
- Daniel Kahneman
- Robert B. Laughlin
- Anthony J. Leggett
- Roger B. Myerson
- John C. Polanyi
- Richard J. Roberts
- Michael Smith
- Canadian government scientific research organizations
- Canadian university scientific research organizations
- Canadian industrial research and development organizations
- Brown, Craig. A Generation of Excellence. The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 2007. Published by the University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-9232-8