Canadian Light Rail Vehicle

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This article is about public transport vehicle running on rails. For other uses, see CLRV (disambiguation).
CLRV
CLRV 4059 Glamour Shot.jpg
A Carlton car crosses the Main Street Bridge
Manufacturer L1 - SIG
L2 - UTDC
Constructed 1977-1981[1]
Number built 196
Number in service 195 [1]
Number scrapped 1 (car 4063)
Fleet numbers L1 - 4000-4005
L2 - 4010-4199
Capacity 42-46 seated*,[1] 132 crush load
*during rebuilds 4 seats removed
Operator Toronto Transit Commission
Depot(s) Roncesvalles, Russell (Connaught)
Line(s) served Toronto Streetcar System
Specifications
Car length 15,226 mm (49 ft 11.4 in)[2]
Width 2,540 mm (8 ft 4 in)
(2,591 mm or 8 ft 6.0 in over rub rails)[2]
Height 3,625 mm (11 ft 10.7 in)[2]
Floor height 1,125 mm (44.3 in)[2]
Platform height curb height or level with rail head
Entry 4 steps (3 risers inside plus step up from outside)
Doors 2 (1 dual bi-fold front door; 2 paired double leaf rear doorways)
Articulated sections (Rigid Body)
Maximum speed 110 km/h (68 mph)[citation needed]
Weight 22,685 kg (50,012 lb)
Power output 2 x 136 kW (182 hp) continuous
Acceleration 1.47 m/s2 (4.8 ft/s2)
Deceleration 1.6 m/s2 (5.2 ft/s2) (3.46 m/s2 or 11.4 ft/s2 emergency)
Electric system(s) 600 V DC Overhead trolley wire
Current collection method Trolley pole
Braking system(s) Air (Westinghouse Air Brake Company)
Track gauge

4 ft 10 78 in (1,495 mm)

- TTC Gauge
Canadian Light Rail Vehicle
Specifications
Minimum curve 36 ft (10.973 m)
Traction motors DC
Career
ALRV
TTC Bombardier ALRV 4239.jpg
Manufacturer MAN and UTDC
Urban Transportation Development Corporation
Constructed 1982
1987-1989[1]
Number built 1 prototype
52 standard
Number in service 0 (p)
52 (s) [1]
Number scrapped 1 (p)
0 (s)
Fleet numbers 4900 (prototype)
4200-4251 (standard) [1]
Capacity 61 seated,[1] 205 crush load
Operator Toronto Transit Commission
Line(s) served Toronto Streetcar System
Specifications
Car length 23,164 mm (76 ft 0 in) [3]
Width 2,540 mm (8 ft 4 in)
(2,591 mm or 8 ft 6.0 in over rub rails) [3]
Height 3,626 mm (11 ft 10.8 in) to roof; roof equipment additional [3]
Floor height 1,125 mm (44.3 in)[2]
Platform height curb height or level with rail head
Entry 4 steps (3 risers inside plus step up from outside)
Doors 3
Articulated sections 2
Maximum speed 110 km/h (68 mph)
Weight 36,745 kg (81,009 lb)
Power output 4 x 65 kW (87 hp) continuous
Acceleration 1.2 m/s2 (3.9 ft/s2)
Deceleration 1.6 m/s2 (5.2 ft/s2) (3.13 m/s2 or 10.3 ft/s2 emergency)
Electric system(s) 600 V DC Overhead trolley wire
Current collection method Trolley pole
Braking system(s) Air (Westinghouse Air Brake Company)
Track gauge 4 ft 10 78 in (1,495 mm) - TTC Gauge
Canadian Light Rail Vehicle
Specifications
Minimum curve 36 ft (10.973 m)
Traction motors DC
Career

The Canadian Light Rail Vehicle (CLRV) is a type of streetcar that is used by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) in Toronto, Canada.

Background[edit]

Towards the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s, TTC's fleet of PCC streetcars had approached (or exceeded in some cases) the end of their useful life. Many Toronto citizens, and a group known as "Streetcars for Toronto" had fought successfully against the TTC's plans to convert its remaining streetcar lines to buses, and thus necessitated a new streetcar to replace the aging PCCs. The "Canadian Light Rail Vehicle" was an attempt at a new, standardized streetcar design to be used in Toronto as well as other new streetcar developments throughout the country. There was also a similar attempt of the concept made in the United States around the same time, with cars built by Boeing Vertol for Boston's Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and the San Francisco Municipal Railway.

Production[edit]

The first ten cars were to be manufactured by SIG of Zurich, Switzerland and used as templates for Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC) (now Bombardier) to manufacture the rest at the Hawker-Siddeley Canada Ltd. Thunder Bay works. However, as a cost-saving measure this number was later reduced to six, accounting for the absence of CLRVs 4006-4009. These cars are used by the TTC and are numbered 4000 to 4005, and 4010-4199. They are the primary type of streetcar currently used by the TTC, along with the Articulated Light Rail Vehicle.

In 1980, cars 4027, 4029 and 4031 were leased and tested by the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA).[4] During this time, the cars were occasionally operated as two- and three-car trains.

The only CLRV car to be retired (as of 2012) is 4063; it was intended to be the first prototype for the TTC's CLRV overhaul program, which was to include a complete reconstruction of the body as well as new propulsion and control systems. However, after being stripped, the overhaul program was cancelled. Owing to a diminishing source of spare parts for the active fleet, it was determined that the unit would be scrapped and all usable parts be used on repairs to the existing fleet. It was sold for scrap in March 2009 to Future Enterprises in Hamilton, Ontario.[5]

Articulated Light Rail Vehicle[edit]

The Articulated Light Rail Vehicle (ALRV) is a lengthened version of the Canadian Light Rail Vehicle design, and, as the name suggests, features an articulated joint. A pantograph-equipped prototype, numbered 4900, was built in 1982 and used by the TTC for testing. It was returned to UTDC in 1987. Following a test run, it was rear-ended by another streetcar on the test track and suffered extensive damage. It was later scrapped.

The cars were built by two contractors, MAN of Germany for bogies and articulation and UTDC at the Thunder Bay Plant.

ALRV streetcars operate regularly on the 501 Queen, 504 King (Rush Hour Periods) 511 Bathurst (usually during the Canadian National Exhibition) and 508 Lake Shore routes.

The cars are numbered 4200-4251.

Impact and legacy[edit]

The previous attempt made in the United States to design a standard light rail car design was unsuccessful, and the resulting cars proved troublesome to both transit systems that had purchased them. While the CLRV had fared better for Toronto's streetcar system, other cities expressed little interest in the design, and they remained exclusively Toronto's streetcars. Consequently, this has made the cars much more difficult and costly to maintain, as they required specially made parts. This, combined with the fact that the cars are not wheelchair accessible, triggered the TTC to replace them with a version of the Bombardier Flexity Outlook.[6][7][8] The Flexity vehicles are low-floor, accommodating passengers in wheelchairs, have four double doors, enabling quicker loading and unloading, and may carry a kiosk to recharge electronic passes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g http://www3.ttc.ca/PDF/Transit_Planning/Service_Summary_2009_10_18.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d e The Canadian Light Rail Vehicles (The CLRVs) - Transit Toronto - Content. Transit Toronto (2013-01-27). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  3. ^ a b c The Articulated Light Rail Vehicles (the ALRVs) - Transit Toronto - Content. Transit Toronto (2012-12-24). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  4. ^ 4029 and 4031 at Arborway Station in Boston, Massachusetts
  5. ^ Toronto Transit Commission 4000-4005, 4010-4199 - CPTDB Wiki. Cptdb.ca. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  6. ^ Kevin Connor (2012-11-15). "TTC officially unveils new streetcar". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-16. "The current, 35-year-old fleet is being replaced by 204 new vehicles, which will be in service by 2014 and introduced to Toronto’s streets during a five-year period. The 510 Spadina line will be the first route equipped with the new acquisitions." 
  7. ^ Kyle Bachan, Hamutal Dotan (2012-11-15). "TTC Previews Our New Streetcars: Media and politicians explore the first full-size test vehicle from Toronto's new streetcar fleet.". The Torontoist. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. "Key is the new Presto fare payment system, which will include open payment options—by credit and debit cards, and by mobile devices, as well as the Presto fare cards. Crucially, this will allow for all-door loading and hopefully cut down on the amount of time vehicles need to spend at each stop. Also crucial: the new low-floor design, which will make it much easier for people using wheelchairs and other mobility aids to board and exit." 
  8. ^ The Torontoist (2011-11-17). "The Toronto Light Rail Vehicles (The LRVs)". James Bow. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 

External links[edit]