Canadian Parliamentary Cats
The Canadian Parliamentary Cats were a colony of stray cats living on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario in a Cat Sanctuary set aside for them. The care of the cats and maintenance of the sanctuary was carried out by volunteers, and the effort was funded by donations. The colony was closed in January 2013, after the remaining four cats were adopted into homes.
Cats were brought in to Parliament Hill in 1924 to deal with a "mild plague of rats and mice in the basement of the then brand-new Centre Block.":336 The numbers of rodents soon fell, but when the unneutered cats began to multiply, they were banished to the outdoors in the same year.:337 Cats were employed in the Parliament Building to control the rodent population until 1955 when they were replaced by chemicals.
Mrs. Mabbs was one of several char ladies (cleaners) who brought bags of food for the cats and birds as early as the 1930s.:337 Groundskeepers also fed the cats at various locations on the grounds until 1970, when Irène Desormeaux began feeding the cats at the location where the colony became established. She was joined by René Chartrand in the mid-1980s, who took over when Desormeaux died in 1987.
In 1997 other volunteers joined in the effort, including Brian Caines. In 2003, Klaus Gerken joined the team, and along with Caines, organized a team of other volunteers. Gerken began to document the activities at the cat sanctuary on a blog in 2005. Chartrand retired from the sanctuary for health reasons in 2008.  He died December 7, 2014.
In 2003, Chartrand received the Heroes for Animals Award from the Humane Society of Canada "recognizing Rene’s lifetime achievement in caring for animals" over sixteen years at the cat sanctuary. One of his contributions was the construction of shelters in the colony.
The Cat Sanctuary was located west of the Centre Block and the statue of Alexander Mackenzie. The fence surrounding the colony was no obstacle to the cats and they were free to roam the grounds.
Chartrand built the first set of cold weather shelters in the mid-1980s. The second set of structures were built in 1997, and resembled the houses of European settlers along the St. Lawrence. In winter the cats survived in their lodgings by grouping together for warmth.
Raccoons, groundhogs, pigeons, and squirrels also partook of the benefits formally intended for the cats.
In 2003, when there were approximately 30 cats, the estimated annual cost of the colony was C$6000. The cats received free inoculations and care from the local Alta Vista Animal Hospital. Purina also donated food.
The cats were spayed or neutered in the last ten to fifteen years of the sanctuary's operation, and the population slowly dropped off. Cats that were dropped off or found their way to the sanctuary were usually taken to the Ottawa Humane Society. By late 2012, only four cats remained.
A tourist attraction
Volunteer Brian Caines said that the cat sanctuary was "on the booklets for the Parliament Hill tours. It was on a game show in Japan. They’d be part of bus tours. In the early 2000s, there were shows that [aired] all over the world that featured the cats of Parliament Hill. You could tell where they had been shown recently because suddenly, there’d be all Swedish visitors or all these visitors from Australia or New Zealand."
Pierre Burton said that in good weather, some 300 visitors a day found their way to the cat sanctuary. Journalists arrived, some from as far away as Venezuela, "and television crews turn up to record the political cat phenomenon, if not for posterity, at least for a few fleeting moments on the tube".
Local dignitaries also visited the sanctuary. Former prime minister "Pierre Trudeau, who enjoyed his walks, used to wander by. Brian Mulroney always waved from his limousine window". Stephen Harper and Laureen Harper had some contact with the sanctuary volunteers, and Members of Parliament were known to drop by from time to time, among them former Deputy Prime Minister Herb Gray.
In 2013, the four remaining cats, were considered "too old and fragile for the Ottawa winter", and vulnerable to wildlife predators. The cats were adopted to homes, and in January 2013, the sanctuary closed at the request of the volunteers. The structures were demolished by Public Works and Government Services Canada on January 12, 2013.
There were many resident cats and visitors who spent time at the sanctuary over the years. Volunteer Klaus Gerken kept a list of resident cats and drop-offs on his blog.
The cats in art
Artist Gwendolyn Best created a number of paintings of the cats, which were exhibited at Ottawa's Orange Art Gallery in 2013. Some of her paintings are featured in an annual Cats of Parliament Hill calendar.
- "The Cats of Parliament Hill", in Pierre Burton, Cats I Have Known and Loved (2002), Doubleday Canada, ISBN 0385659385, pp. 107–111.
- "The Cats", in Don Nixon, The Other Side of the Hill: Behind the Scenes Stories of Parliament Hill (2012), Don Nixon Consulting Inc., ISBN 9781105408823, pp. 335-350.
- Don Nixon, The Other Side of the Hill: Behind the Scenes Stories of Parliament Hill (2012), Don Nixon Consulting Inc., ISBN 9781105408823.
- "A Brief History of the Cats of Parliament Hill", Klaus J. Gerken, The Cats of Parliament Hill Blog, accessed Sept. 23, 2014.
- "Ranks dwindling at cat sanctuary on Parliament Hill", CBC News, Dec. 2, 2012.
- "Cat Man Of Parliament Hill", Vanessa, Humane Society of Canada, 2003-08-22.
- "Cat Sanctuary (Ottawa)". Wikimapia. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
- "The Cats of Parliament Hill Blog 2005/2006: Prelude", Klaus Gerken, Dec. 9, 2005.
- Alta Vista Animal Hospital website, accessed Sept. 25, 2014.
- "Parliament Hill’s cat sanctuary ‘disbands’ after more than fifty years". National Post. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
- "A beloved Parliament Hill attraction uses up its nine lives", Karan Smith, The Globe and Mail, Feb. 1, 2013.
- "The Cats of Parliament Hill", in Pierre Burton, Cats I Have Known and Loved (2002), Doubleday Canada, ISBN 0385659385, pp. 107-111.
- "(le français suit) Herb Gray and the cats of Parliament Hill.", Coal, a feline leader from Parliament Hill - Coal, un félin de la Colline Facebook Page update, April 23, 2014.
- "After more than 50 years, Parliament Hill cat sanctuary to shut down", CTV News, Jan. 4, 2013.
- "Closure of the cat sanctuary", Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2013-2-26.
- "(le français suit) Message from Coal's human adoptive single dad.", Coal, a feline leader from Parliament Hill - Coal, un félin de la Colline Facebook Page update, April 8, 2014.
- "Remembering the Cats of Parliament Hill in Art", Todd Moe, ncpr, May 29, 2013.
- "The Cats of Parliament Hill", Paper/Papier, accessed Sept. 25, 2014.
- "Closure of the cat sanctuary", Public Works and Government Services Canada announcement, 2013-2-26.
- The Cats of Parliament Hill Facebook Page
- The Cats of Parliament Hill Blog - Blog by Klaus Gerken started in 2001
- The Cats of Parliament Hill Memorial Page, Facebook group with all photos of the sanctuary from 2001 to 2013 taken by Klaus Gerken
- "The Cats of Parliament Hill, Ottawa Canada", article by U.K. writer Patrick Roberts, Purr 'n' Fur, with several related links