Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry

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Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry
Active 1803–1816
Country Canada
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch British Army
Type Fencibles
Role Line Infantry
Garrison/HQ Upper Canada and Lower Canada

War of 1812

The Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry saw service in Canada during the early 19th century.

The regiment was originally raised in Scotland amongst highlanders keen on emigrating to Canada in 1803-4. The unit was to see service only in British North America. However, misunderstandings regarding the terms of enlistment and rumours that the regiment would be sent to India caused the recruits to mutiny in Glasgow. In response, the men were all discharged in the fall of 1804. These events are chronicled in an episode of John Prebble's book Mutiny. Subsequently, the commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers were sent to re-raise the regiment in the Canadas.

The commissioned and non-commissioned officers were Scottish while the core of the regiment would be French and English-speaking Canadians. The Scottish roots of the regiment are evident in the regiment's coat of arms with a thistle. The regiment was created in Montreal in 1803, but did not begin recruitment until 1805.[1]

By the start of the War of 1812, the regiment's strength was at 600 men.[1]


The unit disbanded in 1816. The history and heritage of the regiment, together with its Battle Honours for Châteauguay and Crysler's Farm, are commemorated within the Canadian Army by the Royal 22e Régiment.


It was recreated in 1984 as a military re-enactment unit. The Friends of Fort York now hire students to recreate the regiment at Fort York in Toronto, Ontario during the summer months. This group is known as the Fort York Guard. At the Scout Brigade of Fort George each September, the sub-camp for youth of the Cub Scout program also recreate the regiment.[1]