|Regions with significant populations|
|Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia|
|Canadian English and Serbian|
|Mainly Serbian Orthodox Church, non-religious|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Serbian American, Serbs|
|Part of a series of articles on|
A Serbian Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Serbian birth or descent, or a person born in Serbia who resides permanently in Canada. Serbs have migrated to Canada in various waves during the 20th century. The 2011 census recorded 80,320 Serbs living in Canada.
By 1900, Serbs began to arrive in Alberta. Many of these early settlers had migrated north from the north-west region of the United States. Coal mining attracted them to Lethbridge, while road construction was a source of employment for those in Macleod and Cadomin. Many Serbs worked on the construction of railway lines that now extend from Edmonton to the Pacific coast.
The period between the two World Wars witnessed a major increase in Serbian immigration to Canada. Over 30,000 Yugoslavs came to Canada between 1919 and 1939, this included an estimated 10,000 Serbs. Many of these immigrants were single, working men who had left families in their home country to seek work in Canada. The vast majority of Serbs arriving between the wars settled in Ontario or British Columbia. During this time, ties to Europe were strong and pressure from Belgrade resulted in certain Serbian Canadian newspapers being banned.
Major changes occurred in Yugoslavia during World War II. The newly established independent communist government was opposed by some Yugoslavs. Many post war refugees refused to return to their homeland to live under a communist regime. The Serbs, emigrating to Canada at this time, came from a variety of occupational backgrounds, including military and academic professions and the skilled trades.
In the late 1980s, Yugoslavia's communist government was on the verge of collapse. Shortly after the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, a large group of Serbs moved to Canada, mostly to Southern Ontario, to cities including: Toronto, Kitchener, St. Catharines, Hamilton and Niagara Falls. This was a major brain drain; with educated Serbs fleeing serious economic problems and an undemocratic government.
Officially there were 80,320 Serbs living in Canada in 2011. However, this number may be much higher as there are some 48,320 people who identify as Yugoslavs living in Canada, the majority of whom are Serbs. The major center of Serbian settlement in Canada is Toronto, which is home to the 3rd largest Serb diaspora population after Vienna and Chicago; the 2006 census showed that the total of ethnic origin responses for Serbian was 25,160 while together with Yugoslav it amounted to a combined total of around 38,000. Other Serbian strongholds include Vancouver, Edmonton and Calgary.
- Tomovic, Vladislav (Spring–Summer 1982). "Serbian press in Canada, 1916-82". Polyphony: The Bulletin of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario 4 (1): 87. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Judah. The Serbs. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15826-7.
- Powell, John (2005). Encyclopedia of North American Immigration. Infobase Publishing. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Canadian Serbs: a history of their social and cultural traditions (1856-2002)
- Community Life and Culture From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Serbs/Paul Pavlovich