Canadian federal election, 1878

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Canadian federal election, 1878
Canada
1874 ←
members
September 17, 1878
→ 1882
members

206 seats in the 4th Canadian Parliament
104 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Sir John A Macdonald circa 1878 retouched.jpg Alexander Mackenzie portrait.jpg
Leader John A. Macdonald Alexander Mackenzie
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since 1867 1873
Leader's seat Victoria Lambton
Last election 65 129
Seats won 134 63
Seat change +69 –66
Popular vote 229,151 180,074
Percentage 42.06% 33.05%
Swing +11.95pp –7.74pp

Canada 1878 Federal Election.svg


Prime Minister before election

Alexander Mackenzie
Liberal

Prime Minister-designate

John A. Macdonald
Conservative

The Canadian parliament after the 1878 election

The Canadian federal election of 1878 was held on September 17 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 4th Parliament of Canada. It resulted in the end of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie's Liberal government after only one term in office. Canada suffered an economic depression during Mackenzie's term, and his party was punished by the voters for it. The Liberals' policy of free trade also hurt their support with the business establishment in Toronto and Montreal.

Sir John A. Macdonald and his Conservative/Liberal-Conservative party was returned to office after having been defeated five years before amidst scandals over the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway.

Voter turn-out: 69.1%


National results[edit]

Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote
1874 Elected Change # % Change
     Conservative
John A. Macdonald
101 38 85 +118.4% 143,192 26.28% +7.80pp
     Liberal-Conservative 60 26 49 +76.9% 85,999 15.78% +3.50pp
     Liberal
Alexander Mackenzie
121 126 63 -54.8% 180,074 33.05% -7.74pp
     Independent 11 4 5 +25% 14,783 2.71% -0.48pp
     Independent Conservative 2 2 2 - 1,001 0.18% -0.76pp
     Unknown 117 -   114,043 20.93% -1.93pp
     Independent Liberal 4 1 1 +100% 5,388 0.99% -
     Nationalist Conservative 1 * 1 * 401 0.07% *
Total 417 197 206 +3.6% 100.0%
-
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Note:

* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

Acclamations

The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

  • British Columbia: 1 Conservative, 1 Liberal-Conservative
  • Manitoba: 2 Conservatives, 1 Liberal-Conservative
  • Quebec: 1 Conservative, 2 Liberal-Conservatives, 1 Liberal
  • New Brunswick: 1 Liberal, 1 Independent

Results by province[edit]

Party name BC MB ON QC NB NS PE Total
     Conservative Seats: 1 2 37 33 1 8 3 85
     Popular vote (%): - 49.6 25.5 35.0 5.9 21.7 31.6 26.3
     Liberal-Conservative Seats: 2 1 23 12 3 6 2 49
     Vote (%): 39.6 - 15.8 13.2 14.3 22.7 12.0 15.8
     Liberal Seats: 2   27 17 9 7 1 63
     Vote (%): -   36.3 21.7 48.2 34.9 37.2 33.1
     Independent Seats: 1   1 1 2 -   5
     Vote (%): 12.2   1.5 1.6 13.1 4.3   2.7
     Independent Conservative Seats:   1   1       2
     Vote (%):   50.4   0.7       0.2
     Unknown Seats:  
     Vote (%): 48.2   19.9 27.4 14.8 14.7 19.3 20.9
     Independent Liberal Seats:       1 -   1
     Vote (%):     1.0   3.7 1.7   1.0
     Nationalist Conservative Seats:     1 -   1
     Vote (%):       0.3       0.1
Total seats 6 4 88 65 16 21 6 206


Further reading[edit]

  • Argyle, Ray. Turning Points: The Campaigns That Changed Canada - 2011 and Before (2011) excerpt and text search ch 3

See also[edit]