Canadian federal election, 1958
The Canadian federal election of 1958 was the 24th general election in Canada's history. It was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 24th Parliament of Canada on March 31, 1958, just nine months after the 23rd election. It transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's minority into the then-largest majority government (by percentage of seats) in Canadian history and the second largest percentage of the popular vote.
Diefenbaker called a snap election and capitalized on three factors:
- Nationally, the Liberals had just chosen a new leader, Lester Pearson, who had given an ill-advised speech in Commons that asked Diefenbaker to give power back to the Liberals without an election because of a recent economic downturn. Diefenbaker seized on the error by showing a classified Liberal document saying that the economy would face a downturn in that year. This contrasted heavily with the Liberals' 1957 campaign promises, and would make sure the "arrogant" label would remain attached to the Liberal party.
- A turnaround in Quebec: Quebec had been largely Liberal since the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but upon the resignation of former Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent, the province had no favourite son leader, as they had since 1948, and were open to new options. Diefenbaker used Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis's Union Nationale party machine, allowing Diefenbaker's Progressive Conservatives to sweep what had been a Liberal stronghold for a generation.
- A collapse in support for the Social Credit Party which lost all 19 of its seats. Prior to the 1957 election Social Credit were seen as a credible threat to replace the Tories as the main right wing party in the country, but the popularity of the Diefenbaker government persuaded many Social Credit supporters to abandon their party. This allowed the Tories to pick up not only Social Credit seats, but also proved decisive in many seats previously held by the Liberals and CCF due to vote splitting between the Conservatives and Social Credit. Notably, the Tories swept all seventeen seats in Alberta, where they had previously held just three seats to Social Credit's thirteen. Although Social Credit would rebound and win seats in the next two decades, it would never seriously challenge the P.C. party for dominance.
|Party||Party leader||# of
|1957||Elected||% Change||#||%||pp Change|
|Progressive Conservative||John Diefenbaker||265||111||208||+87.4%||3,908,633||53.66%||+14.85|
|Liberal||Lester B. Pearson||264||104||48||-53.8%||2,432,953||33.40%||-7.35|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||M.J. Coldwell||169||25||8||-68.0%||692,668||9.51%||-1.20|
|Social Credit||Solon Low||82||19||-||-100%||188,356||2.59%||-3.99|
|Candidats des électeurs||Réal Caouette||1||-||-||-||8,276||0.11%||-0.01|
|Capital familial||H-G Grenier||1||*||-||*||968||0.01%||*|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
"Previous" refers to standings at previous election, not to standings in the House of Commons at dissolution.
* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote
Vote and seat summaries
Results by province
|Parties that won no seats:|
|Social Credit||Vote (%):||9.6||21.6||0.4||1.8||0.3||0.6||0.7||2.6|
|Independent Liberal||Vote (%):||0.6||0.2||0.2|
|C. des électeurs||Vote (%):||0.4||0.1|
|Independent PC||Vote (%):||0.1||0.1||xx|
|Capitale familiale||Vote (%):||xx||xx|
|Radical chrétien||Vote (%):||xx||xx|
|Independent SC||Vote (%):||0.1||xx|
|Ouvrier canadien||Vote (%):||xx||xx|
|Ind. Conservative||Vote (%):||2.3||xx|
xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote
- List of Canadian federal general elections
- List of political parties in Canada
- 24th Canadian Parliament
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2012)|
- Pomfret, R. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Elections Canada. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- The Elections of 1957 and 1958, by P.E. Bryden
- Electoral Results by Party, on Parliament of Canada site