Canadian federal election, 1958

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Canadian federal election, 1958
Canada
1957 ←
members
March 31, 1958 → 1962
members

265 seats in the 24th Canadian Parliament
133 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 79.4%[1]
  First party Second party
  John G. Diefenbaker.jpg Lester B. Pearson 1958.jpg
Leader John Diefenbaker Lester B. Pearson
Party Progressive Conservative Liberal
Leader since December 14, 1956 January 16, 1958
Leader's seat Prince Albert Algoma East
Last election 111 104
Seats won 208 48
Seat change +97 -56
Popular vote 3,910,852 2,459,700
Percentage 53.67% 33.75%
Swing +14.64pp -8.58pp

  Third party Fourth party
  M.J. Coldwell in 1944.jpg Solon Earl Low
Leader Major James Coldwell Solon Earl Low
Party Co-operative Commonwealth Social Credit
Leader since March 22, 1942 April 6, 1944
Leader's seat Rosetown—Biggar (lost re-election) Peace River
(lost re-election)
Last election 25 19
Seats won 8 0
Seat change -17 -19
Popular vote 692,398 188,717
Percentage 9.50% 2.59%
Swing -1.21pp -4.03pp

Canada 1958 Federal Election.svg


Prime Minister before election

John Diefenbaker
Progressive Conservative

Prime Minister after election

John Diefenbaker
Progressive Conservative

The Canadian federal election of 1958 was the 24th general election in Canada's history. It was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 24th Parliament of Canada on March 31, 1958, just nine months after the 23rd election. It transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's minority into the then-largest majority government (by percentage of seats) in Canadian history and the second largest percentage of the popular vote.

Overview[edit]

Diefenbaker called a snap election and capitalized on three factors:

  • Nationally, the Liberals had just chosen a new leader, Lester Pearson, who had given an ill-advised speech in Commons that asked Diefenbaker to give power back to the Liberals without an election because of a recent economic downturn. Diefenbaker seized on the error by showing a classified Liberal document saying that the economy would face a downturn in that year. This contrasted heavily with the Liberals' 1957 campaign promises, and would make sure the "arrogant" label would remain attached to the Liberal party.
  • A collapse in support for the Social Credit Party which lost all 19 of its seats. Prior to the 1957 election Social Credit were seen as a credible threat to replace the Tories as the main right wing party in the country, but the popularity of the Diefenbaker government persuaded many Social Credit supporters to abandon their party. This allowed the Tories to pick up not only Social Credit seats, but also proved decisive in many seats previously held by the Liberals and CCF due to vote splitting between the Conservatives and Social Credit. Notably, the Tories swept all seventeen seats in Alberta, where they had previously held just three seats to Social Credit's thirteen. Although Social Credit would rebound and win seats in the next two decades, it would never seriously challenge the P.C. party for dominance.
PC handout with "Follow John", the slogan of the 1958 campaign.


National results[edit]

The Canadian parliament after the 1958 election.
208
48
8
1
Progressive Conservative
Liberal
CCF
O
Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1957 Elected % Change # % pp Change
     Progressive Conservative John Diefenbaker 265 111 208 +87.4% 3,908,633 53.66% +14.85
     Liberal Lester B. Pearson 264 104 48 -53.8% 2,432,953 33.40% -7.35
     Co-operative Commonwealth M.J. Coldwell 169 25 8 -68.0% 692,668 9.51% -1.20
     Liberal-Labour 1 1 1 0% 11,956 0.16% -
     Social Credit Solon Low 82 19 - -100% 188,356 2.59% -3.99
     Independent 9 2 - -100% 14,211 0.20% -0.87
     Independent Liberal 10 2 - -100% 12,054 0.17% -1.25
     Labor-Progressive Tim Buck 18 - - - 9,769 0.13% +0.02
     Candidats des électeurs Réal Caouette 1 - - - 8,276 0.11% -0.01
     Independent PC 5 1 - -100% 2,097 0.03% -0.19
Socialist 2 * - * 1,113 0.02% *
     Capital familial H-G Grenier 1 * - * 968 0.01% *
     Radical chrétien 1 * - * 687 0.01% *
     Independent SC 1 - - - 361 x -0.04
     Ouvrier canadien 1 * - * 243 x *
     Independent Conservative 1 * - * 122 x *
Total 831 265 265 - 7,284,467 100.00%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Notes:

"Previous" refers to standings at previous election, not to standings in the House of Commons at dissolution.

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Vote and seat summaries[edit]

Popular vote
PC
  
53.66%
Liberal
  
33.40%
CCF
  
9.51%
Social Credit
  
2.59%
Others
  
0.84%


Seat totals
PC
  
78.49%
Liberal
  
18.11%
CCF
  
3.02%
Others
  
0.38%

Results by province[edit]

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YK NW Total
     Progressive Conservative Seats: 18 17 16 14 67 50 7 12 4 2 1 - 208
     Vote (%): 49.4 59.9 51.4 56.7 56.4 49.6 54.1 57.0 62.2 45.2 54.5 42.8 53.7
     Liberal Seats: - - - - 14 25 3 - - 5 - 1 48
     Vote (%): 16.1 13.7 19.6 21.6 32.1 45.6 43.4 38.4 37.5 54.4 43.3 57.2 33.4
     Co-operative Commonwealth Seats: 4 - 1 - 3 - - - - -     8
     Vote (%): 24.5 4.4 28.4 19.6 10.5 2.3 1.8 4.5 0.3 0.2     9.5
     Liberal-Labour Seats:         1               1
     Vote (%):         0.5               0.2
Total Seats 22 17 17 14 85 75 10 12 4 7 1 1 265
Parties that won no seats:
     Social Credit Vote (%): 9.6 21.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.6 0.7           2.6
     Independent Vote (%):     xx xx 0.1 0.6             0.2
     Independent Liberal Vote (%):           0.6       0.2     0.2
     Labor-Progressive Vote (%): 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1             0.1
     C. des électeurs Vote (%):           0.4             0.1
     Independent PC Vote (%):   0.1     0.1               xx
Socialist Vote (%):         xx xx             xx
     Capitale familiale Vote (%):           xx             xx
     Radical chrétien Vote (%):           xx             xx
     Independent SC Vote (%):   0.1                     xx
     Ouvrier canadien Vote (%):           xx             xx
     Ind. Conservative Vote (%):                     2.3   xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pomfret, R. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Elections Canada. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 

External links[edit]