Canadian honorifics

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Canadian honorifics are few, many of which are maintained from before Confederation and originate from the British honours system.

Royal and governmental honorifics[edit]

Honorific In French Accorded to Notes
His/Her Majesty Sa Majesté Canadian King and Queen, or Queen Consort So styled for life (including widowhood in the case of the Queen Consort); lost if the monarch abdicates
His/Her Royal Highness Son Altesse Royale Children and male-line grandchildren of the current or a former reigning sovereign, and their wives; the husband of a queen regnant (unless he is also a monarch) So born, so styled for life; married into the family (for women), so styled for the duration of marriage and subsequent widowhood but title is lost upon divorce; so granted by the monarch, for life unless otherwise provided for
His/Her Excellency Son Excellence Governor General of Canada
Consort of the Governor General
So styled while in office, thereafter Governor General styled Right Honourable/Très Honorable only. Consort does not maintain a style.
The Right Honourable le Très Honorable Governor General
Prime Minister of Canada
Chief Justice of Canada
Can be granted to other individuals by the Governor General
So styled for life
His/Her Honour Son Honneur Lieutenant Governors and their consorts So styled while in office; thereafter the Honourable only
The Honourable l'Honorable Members of the Privy Council
Incumbent and former Lieutenant-Governors
So styled for life
The Honourable l'Honorable Speaker of the House of Commons
Supreme Court Justices
Federal Court justices
Territorial commissioners
Executive Council members (e.g. provincial premiers and cabinet ministers)
Speakers of provincial legislatures
Provincial and territorial judges
So styled while in office, unless otherwise authorized to maintain the style for life.
His/Her Worship Son Honneur Mayors
Justices of the Peace
So styled while in office

Military honorifics[edit]

There exist two sets of ranks in the Canadian Forces, one for the Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force, and the second for the Royal Canadian Navy. The naval ranks were abolished in 1968, but restored shortly thereafter. The French versions of naval rank were originally translations of the English (Lieutenant-Commander = Lieutenant-commandeur), but during the 1990s this changed to the Continental system (Lieutenant-Commander = Capitaine de frégate).

Honorific In French Honorific In French
Army/Air Force rank Naval rank
Flag ranks
General Général Admiral Amiral
Lieutenant General Lieutenant général Vice Admiral Vice-amiral
Major General Major-général Rear Admiral Contre-amiral
Brigadier General Brigadier-général Commodore Commodore
Officer ranks
Colonel Colonel Captain Capitaine de vaisseau
Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commander Capitaine de frégate
Major Major Lieutenant Commander Capitaine de corvette
Captain Capitaine Lieutenant Lieutenant de vaisseau
Lieutenant Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe
Second Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Acting Sub Lieutenant Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe
Officer Cadet Élève-officier Naval Cadet Aspirant de marine
Non-commissioned ranks
Chief Warrant Officer Adjudant-chef Chief Petty Officer, 1st Class Premier maître de 1re classe
Master Warrant Officer Adjudant-maître Chief Petty Officer, 2nd Class Premier maître de 2e classe
Warrant Officer Adjudant Petty Officer, 1st Class Maître de 1re classe
Sergeant Sergent Petty Officer, 2nd Class Maître de 2e classe
Master Corporal Caporal-chef Master Seaman Matelot-chef
Corporal Caporal Leading Seaman Matelot de 1re classe
Private Soldat Able Seaman Matelot de 2e classe
Private (Recruit) soldat (recrue) Ordinary Seaman Matelot de 3e classe

Religious honorifics[edit]

Religions are free to use their own titles and honorifics provided that they do not contradict those used elsewhere in Canada. This is seen in the use of the title "His Excellency" by Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops which is not recognized by Canadian civil authorities. [1]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]