||This article needs auditing for compliance with the Manual of Style. (October 2013)|
|Launched||23 December 1985|
|Owned by||Lagardère Active|
|MC Cable||Channel 206|
|Belgacom TV||Channel 205|
Canal J is a French television network dedicated to children's programming. It is available through digital terrestrial television service 'TNT' and is aimed at children aged between 4 and 16 years old.
Created Christmas 1985 at the initiative of the group Hachette, Canal J is first broadcast on the cable network of Cergy-Pontoise . With 300 households subscribing 23 December, the channel broadcasts mostly cartoons for 3–13 years by video cassettes headend. The program schedule is composed of modules of two hours multicast.
From January 1988, Canal J is exploited in a new company formed around of Europe 1 Communication and the three cable operators Communication and Development, Lyonnaise Communications and overall image . As part of this new structure, Canal J is the first chain to open in 1988, to all cable systems for cable and community antenna through the satellite system Telecom 1C . Available everywhere in France, the chain goes from 50 000 to 100 000 subscribers and then starts its development on the cable. End of 1989, it has 160,000 subscribers and passes the 300 000 in 1990.
The abandonment of the project cost terrestrial broadcasting by subscription ( Paris + twenty-two cities in France) and DTH satellite TDF 1 allows you to launch an ambitious strategy of investment in the future in programs. This is the beginning of the policy of production and coproduction programs ( Cashew, the intrepid, The stories of the Father Castor ). Gradually, from cartoons to the benefit of shrinking fiction, films, magazines, documentaries and games. The regular meetings were established, offering programs and widen the range of genres and renew themselves. Canal J consolidates its position on the cable. During 1991, the number of subscribers increased from 330 000 to 550 000 homes.
The launch in November 1992 of CanalSatellite analog (DTH seven channels) allows Canal J to be received throughout France. In 1993, Canal J created the event on television rebroadcasts daily Island children to older children nostalgic for the years 1974-1982 to find Casimir and Leonardo, and attracting the same an older audience. The channel also broadcasts Spirou (a co-exclusive first broadcast) and ingrown exclusive magazines such as Cine pissed or missing links, enabling it to reach an even wider audience and to pass the one million subscribers in 1994 families.
At Christmas 1995, Canal J celebrates ten years and, for the first time, the chain is in financial balance through the 1.5 million subscriber households. Canal J is included in the digital package of CanalSatellite launched in 1996, and magazines are broadcast on Canal France International (CFI) from 1 st May 1996 in a module of two hours of programming for Canal J for Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
In February 1997, the chain launched its website Canalj.net which is awarded in Biarritz that year. The site is completely redesigned the 1 st January 2001 to become the first site editorial and community youth channels for children. Canal J reached 2 million subscribers families in January 1998.
The chain celebrates fifteen years at Christmas 2000 and, with its success (it has 3 million subscribers of families), launches a variation for children under seven years TiJi which has 1.2 million subscribers families. Canal J is the only channel young people present on all cable and CanalSatellite bouquets.
On 4 April 2001, the channel broadcasts Titeuf exclusive first (co) and ranks third in the channels in terms of audience, irrespective of audience in the barometer MédiaCabSat of August 2001.
Canal J launches Yu-Gi-Oh exclusive first on a st April 2002 and Mémomix in March 2003, bringing to eight the number of programs on the air.
Canal J's bid is accepted by the CSA for its paid circulation in the open channel on the digital terrestrial television (DTT) and the agreement is signed by the Higher Audiovisual Council (CSA) in May 2003 . The channel is received by 3.5 million subscribers and its audiences are rising.
Canal J launches two versions: the first devoted exclusively to girls, on cable and CanalSat, the 1 st September 2004 : Girls TV . The second, 18 November 2005 on television, on the TNT free in partnership with France Televisions : Gulli . In parallel, Canal J arrives on the pay offer of TNT.
Following the merger CanalSat / TPS, Canal J, Filles TV and TiJi arrive on GST in the summer of 2007. The chain has 5.5 million subscribers families.
Since 27 August 2007, the chain changed its logo and the logo leaves spiral dating from 2000 for a more modern look, the company created by Gideon. Logo Canal J 1985-1989 aussi 2011
The costs of broadcasting on the DTT was too expensive to be written off by the low number of subscribers, the channel will make its frequency TNT 30 April 2009.
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