Canandaigua (city), New York

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This article is about the city. For the town, see Canandaigua (town), New York. For the lake, see Canandaigua Lake.
Coordinates: 42°53′15″N 77°16′54″W / 42.88750°N 77.28167°W / 42.88750; -77.28167
Canandaigua
City
Downtown Canandaigua, NY.jpg
View north along Main Street, 2014
Name origin: "Ganandogan", Tuscarora for "the chosen spot"
Country USA
State New York
Region Finger Lakes
County Ontario
Center City Hall
 - elevation 750 ft (229 m)
 - coordinates 42°53′15″N 77°16′54″W / 42.88750°N 77.28167°W / 42.88750; -77.28167
Highest point East Street near city's NE corner
 - elevation 840 ft (256 m)
 - coordinates 42°54′21″N 77°16′25″W / 42.90583°N 77.27361°W / 42.90583; -77.27361
Lowest point Canandaigua Lake shore
 - elevation 690 ft (210 m)
Area 4.8 sq mi (12 km2)
 - land 4.6 sq mi (12 km2)
 - water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2)
Population 10,545 (2010)
Density 2,197 / sq mi (848 / km2)
Incorporation as village 1815
 - Incorporation as city 1913
Government Council-Manager
 - location City Hall
Mayor Ellen Polimeni (D)
City Manager David Forrest[disambiguation needed]
Timezone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 14424, 14425
Area code 585
FIPS code 36-12144
GNIS feature ID 0945739
Location of Canandaigua within the state of New York
Wikimedia Commons: Canandaigua (city), New York
Website: City of Canandaigua

Canandaigua /ˌkænənˈdɡwə/ (Utaʼnaráhkhwaʼ[1] in Tuscarora) is a United States city that serves as the county seat of Ontario County, New York. The population was 10,545 at the 2010 census. The name Canandaigua is derived from the Seneca name spelled variously Kanandarque, Ganondagan, Ga-nun-da-gwa, or in a modern transcription, tganǫdæ:gwęh, which means "the chosen spot", or "at the chosen town".[2]

The City of Canandaigua is located next to the Town of Canandaigua. The City of Canandaigua is located on the northern end of Canandaigua Lake, 24 miles (39 km) southeast of Rochester and 58 miles (93 km) west of Syracuse. Parts of six neighboring towns also share the Canandaigua mailing address and 14424 ZIP code.

History[edit]

Overview[edit]

Built on the site of a Seneca Iroquois village, Canandaigua was an important railroad junction and home port for several steamboats by the mid-19th century. After the Civil War, local industries included two brick works, the Lisk Manufacturing Company, several mills, and the regionally prominent McKechnie Brewery. The shire town of the original county of western New York, Canandaigua was the site of the Susan B. Anthony trial in 1873. Today, the town is a center for business, government, health care, and education. Canandaigua is the home of Constellation Brands, founded as Canandaigua Wine Company; Finger Lakes Community College; Thompson Health System; the Finger Lakes Performing Arts Center; and Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park. It is also home to one of the largest Wegmans Food Markets and the New York Wine and Culinary Center.

Chronological[edit]

The city was the site of a village of the Seneca, Kanandaigua. It was located on West Avenue where the West Avenue Cemetery is today. The village consisted of twenty-three longhouses and was destroyed by the Sullivan Expedition on September 10, 1779.[3]

The city is the home of one of three areas of Burning Springs in the United States where the water appears to support a flame caused by escaping natural gas.[4]

The city public high school, Canandaigua Academy, was founded in 1791.

On November 11, 1794, the Treaty of Canandaigua was signed in the town. The treaty was constructed in hopes of establishing peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Six Nations of the Iroquois and is still recognized by the federal government today.

What is now the City separated from the Town of Canandaigua to become the Village of Canandaigua in 1815 and a city in 1913.

In 1807-1808, Jessie Hawley, a flour merchant from Geneva, New York, who became an early and major proponent of building of the Erie Canal, spent 20 months in the Canandaigua debtors' prison; during this time he published fourteen essays on the idea of building the canal that were to prove immensely influential.[citation needed]

Illinois senator and 1860 Democratic Party presidential candidate Stephen A. Douglas spent three years as a student at Canandaigua Academy[5]

In 1873, women's rights activist Susan B. Anthony was tried in the Ontario County Courthouse, located in the City of Canandaigua, for voting. She was found guilty and fined $100, which she did not pay.[6]

In 1945, Canandaigua Wine Company was founded by Marvin Sands. The company underwent rapid expansion through acquisitions in the 1980s and 1990s. The companies eventually joined together to form Constellation Brands and became the world's largest wine and spirits distributor. In 2006, Canandaigua Wine Company rebranded as Centerra Wine Co.

On March 14, 2006, President George W. Bush came to Canandaigua and spoke at the Academy, the public high school, and at Ferris Hills, an assisted living community for seniors. The focus of this visit was to talk about Medicare Part D for senior citizens. The text of his speech at Ferris Hills is here http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PPP-2006-book1/html/PPP-2006-book1-doc-pg478.htm

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Canandaigua has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km²), of which 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.6 km²) (4.75%) is water.

The city is at the northern end of Canandaigua Lake, in the Finger Lakes region, the largest wine producing area in New York State.

The city is located on U.S. Route 20 and NY Routes 5 and 21.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Canandaigua
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 34
(1)
36
(2)
43
(6)
55
(13)
68
(20)
77
(25)
81
(27)
79
(26)
72
(22)
61
(16)
48
(9)
37
(3)
57.6
(14.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27
(−3)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
46
(8)
57
(14)
66
(19)
72
(22)
70
(21)
63
(17)
52
(11)
43
(6)
30
(−1)
49.1
(9.4)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
46
(8)
57
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
54
(12)
43
(6)
34
(1)
25
(−4)
40.3
(4.5)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.811
(46.0)
1.65
(41.9)
2.52
(64.0)
3.118
(79.2)
2.961
(75.2)
3.5
(88.9)
3.799
(96.5)
3.22
(81.8)
3.358
(85.3)
2.988
(75.9)
2.819
(71.6)
2.22
(56.4)
33.965
(862.7)
Source: [7]

Demographics[edit]

Ontario County Courthouse

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,545 people, 4,789 households, and 2,470 families residing in the city.[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 11,264 people, 4,762 households, and 2,666 families residing in the city in the year 2000 census. The population density was 2,447.5 people per square mile (945.4/km²). There were 5,066 housing units at an average density of 1,100.8 per square mile (425.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.04% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 4,762 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.0% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.95.

A pale-yellow two-story building, seen from the side, with a classically-styled colonnade on the front underneath a small domed cupola
City Hall

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,197, and the median income for a family was $47,388. Males had a median income of $31,950 versus $26,538 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,153. About 5.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Rudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999
  2. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=dQ4RAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=journal+of+lieut.+john+l.+hardenbergh+kanandaigua&source=bl&ots=usEyw-YYXF&sig=79w_G11ZQVoFeji7qjCYVZwjdyo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=xrftU9TpO8r-yQScqoH4DA&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=journal%20of%20lieut.%20john%20l.%20hardenbergh%20kanandaigua&f=false
  4. ^ Burning Springs « New York Historic. Nyhistoric.com (2012-10-04). Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  5. ^ Canandaigua Academy accessed October 1, 2007
  6. ^ # ^ Linder, Douglas: "The Trial of Susan B. Anthony for Illegal Voting," University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, at http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/trials14.htm
  7. ^ "Monthly Averages for Canandaigua, NY (14424)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  8. ^ American FactFinder. Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Kershaw Swim Beach - Canandaigua, New York. Canandaigua.govoffice.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  11. ^ http://www.octagon.bobanna.com/NY.html
  12. ^ Canandaigua Farmers Market. Canandaigua Farmers Market. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.

External links[edit]