Canary Wharf tube station
Location of Canary Wharf in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Tower Hamlets|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||2|
|OSI||Canary Wharf DLR 
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London Regional Transport|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Canary Wharf tube station is a London Underground station on the Jubilee line, between Canada Water and North Greenwich. It is in Travelcard Zone 2 and was opened by Ken Livingstone setting an escalator in motion on 17 September 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. It is maintained by Tube Lines. Over 40 million people pass through the station each year, making it second busiest on the London Underground outside Central London after Stratford, and also the busiest that serves only a single line. (The DLR station is completely separate.)
Before the arrival of the Jubilee line, London's Docklands had suffered from relatively poor public transport. Although the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf had been operating since 1987, by 1990 it was obvious that the DLR's capacity would soon be reached. The Jubilee line's routing through Canary Wharf was intended to relieve some of this pressure.
The tube station was intended from the start to be the showpiece of the Jubilee Line Extension, and the contract for its design was awarded in 1990 to the renowned architect Sir Norman Foster. It was constructed, by a Tarmac Construction / Bachy UK Joint Venture, in a drained arm of the former dock, using a simple "cut and cover" method to excavate an enormous pit 24 metres (78 ft) deep and 265 metres (869 ft) long. The size of the interior has led to it being compared to a cathedral, and it has even been used to celebrate a wedding. However, the main reason for the station's enormous dimensions was the great number of passengers predicted; as many as 50,000 daily. These predictions have been outgrown, with as many as 69,759 on weekdays recorded in 2006.
In a 2013 poll conducted by YouGov, it was voted as the "Most Loved" tube station in London.
The station today
Above ground there is little sign of the vast interior: two curved glass canopies at the east and west ends of the station cover the entrances and allow daylight into the ticket hall below. The Jubilee Park, a public park is situated between the two canopies, above the station concourse. It had originally been intended that the infilled section of the dock would be reinstated above the station, but this proved impractical because of technical difficulties and the park was created instead.
As with the other below-ground stations on the Jubilee Line extension, both station platforms are equipped with platform edge doors.
Canary Wharf station has become one of the busiest stations on the network, serving the ever-expanding Canary Wharf business district. Although it shares its name with the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf, the two are not directly integrated (in fact, Heron Quays DLR station is nearer at street level). All three stations are connected underground via shopping malls. Out-of-station interchange within twenty minutes between any two of the stations entails no additional charge.
Canary Wharf can be used to reverse trains from both the east and the west. A scissors crossover west of the station allows trains from Stanmore to enter either the east- or west-bound platform at the station, and trains from Stratford enter the normal westbound platform and can use this scissors crossover to reverse back towards Stratford.
On 9 January 2013, the station appeared on a £1.28 British postage stamp as part of a set commemorating the 150th anniversary of the first London underground train journey. The stamp's captions read "Jubilee Line at Canary Wharf" and "1999". The Canary Wharf stamp represented the most modern phase of the Underground in the set of six stamps.
Canary Wharf station and the Jubilee line Extension itself were partly funded by the owners of the Canary Wharf complex, with the intention of making it more accessible to commuters. Only five years after the construction of the extension, capacity issues started becoming apparent and upgrades were required. The first step was the lengthening of the trains from 6 to 7 cars. This was done at the end of 2005. The second step was to replace the conventional Jubilee line signalling with the Thales S40 moving-block system. This was eventually introduced into service during 2011 after many delays and teething problems and allows a more intensive timetable to operate with 30 trains per hour running in the peaks. The building of Crossrail line 1 will bring another rail connection to Canary Wharf and will also relieve pressure on the Jubilee line.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Horne, M: The Jubilee Line, page 80. Capital Transport Publishing, 2000.
- Schmidlin website
- TfL statistics
- Londoners say Bank Tube station is capital's worst BBC, 23 April 2013
- "Out of Station Interchange (OSI)". Oyster and National Rail (independent guide). 24 March 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Royal Mail celebrates 150 years of the London Underground" (Press release). Royal Mail. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Now for the Northern – Another Underground upgrade gets into its stride
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|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Out of system interchange|
|Preceding station||DLR||Following station|
|Docklands Light Railway
Transfer at: Canary Wharf
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
towards Abbey Wood