Canas de Senhorim

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Canas de Senhorim
Civil parish (Freguesia)
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de
Country  Portugal
Region Centro
Subregion Dão-Lafões
District Viseu
Municipality Nelas
Localities Canas de Senhorim, Caldas da Felgueira, Póvoa de Santo António, Urgeiriça, Vale de Madeiros
Center Canas de Senhorim
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean, Canas de Senhorim, Nelas
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 25.66 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population 3,555
Settlement April 1196
 - Civil parish 9 December 1852
 - Town 21 March 1928
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Avenida Eng. Dionísio Cunha, Canas de Senhorim, Nelas
President Junta Luís Manuel Abrantes Pinheiro (MRCCS)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal zone 3525-075 Canas de Senhorim
Area code & prefix (+351) 232 XX XX XX
Demonym Nelas
Patron saint Santíssimo Salvador
Parish address Avenida Eng. Dionísio Cunha 51
3525-075 Canas de Senhorim
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Canas de Senhorim is a civil parish in the municipality (concelho) of Nelas, in the central sub-region of Dão-Lafões in Portugal. Canas de Senhorim has an area of 25.66 square kilometres (9.91 sq mi), with a population of approximately 3555 inhabitants (from the 2001 census): there are about 138 inhabitants per square kilometre

History[edit]

The only visible remnant of Canas de Senhorim's municipal authority, the pillory that resides in the town square
The Baroque-era parochial church of the Saviour (Igreja do Salvador)

A foral (charter) was issued in April 1196 by King Sancho I, and later confirmed by King Manuel I that granted the region the status of municipality, including its one parish.

Canas de Senhorim was a municipality by the 19th century, when the parish of Carvalhal Redondo was annexed. Eventually, its municipal status was extinguished on 9 December 1852; both the municipality of Canas de Senhorim and Senhorim, were included in the reconstituted municipality of Nelas. Fifteen months later, following the decree, the municipality was no more.

Canas was elevated to the status of vila (town) with the passing of bill 15128, on 21 March 1928, at the same time that the civil parish of Santar received its status.

For a better part of the 20th century, Canas de Senhorim was known for its persistent fight to restore its municipal status. A movement was formed to challenge Nela's politicians authority, protesting through election boycotts, disruption of the rail service through the main town, and public demonstrations in Lisbon. On 3 July 2003, the national assembly approved motion to restore the regions status, but President Jorge Sampaio vetoed the decree a month later, provoking general outrage.

Geography[edit]

Within the parish are several localities, small hamlets or villages; these include: Caldas da Felgueira, Póvoa de Santo António, Urgeiriça and Vale de Madeiros.

References[edit]

  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011