Candelaria, Quezon

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Candelaria
Municipality
Candelaria Quezon.JPG
Flag of Candelaria
Flag
Official seal of Candelaria
Seal
Nickname(s): Industrial Town of Quezon, Desiccated Coconut Capital
Map of Quezon showing the location of Candelaria
Map of Quezon showing the location of Candelaria
Candelaria is located in Philippines
Candelaria
Candelaria
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°55′52″N 121°25′24″E / 13.93111°N 121.42333°E / 13.93111; 121.42333Coordinates: 13°55′52″N 121°25′24″E / 13.93111°N 121.42333°E / 13.93111; 121.42333
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Quezon
District 2nd district of Quezon
Founded December 26, 1878
Barangays 25
Government[1]
 • Mayor Ferdinand Maliwanag
Area[2]
 • Total 129.10 km2 (49.85 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 110,570
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4323
Dialing code 42
Income class 1st class; partially urban
Website www.candelaria.gov.ph

The Municipality of Candelaria (Filipino: Bayan ng Candelaria) is a first class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 110,570 people.[3]

Candelaria is the second largest industrial center of the province, after Lucena City. Among the municipalities in Quezon Province, Candelaria has the most desiccated coconut factories and oil refineries, such as Peter Paul Philippine Corporation, Primex Coco Products Inc., Pacific Royal Basic Foods, SuperStar Corporation, Tongsan Industrial Development Corporation, and others, which employ thousands of people.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Prior to 1885, the pioneering barangays of Candelaria in its Western part notably, Taguan, Kinatihan and Masin were parts of the Municipality of Tiaong, while Malabanban, Mangilag and Sta. Catalina in the East, were under the jurisdiction of the town of Sariaya.

It was on December 26, 1878, that a permit was granted by the Governor General of the Philippine Islands for the establishment of an independent government over these barangays. Its boundaries were fixed by means of a treaty signed by the notable leaders of Tiaong, Sariaya and the founding families of Candelaria.

The King of Spain, His Majesty Alfonso XII, finally approved the establishment of Candelaria as an independent town on August 5, 1879.

American era and Japanese occupation[edit]

In 1902, after the cessation of the general hostilities against the Americans, administration of Candelaria was merged with the neighboring town of Sariaya. In 1908, after less than seven years, Candelaria was again managed independently, as a fourth-class municipality. During the American regime, the town progressed by leaps and bounds. Many houses and public edifices were constructed, and commerce and industries grew, until the Japanese invasion brought a further wave of destruction.

Geography[edit]

Taguan River (bridge)

The municipality lies at the western arm of Quezon Province, about 107 kilometers from Manila and 23 kilometers from Lucena City. At its northern part lies the famous Mount Banahaw, on the east is the town of Sariaya, on the south is San Juan, Batangas, and on the west are Dolores and Tiaong. The neighboring cities are Lucena, Tayabas, San Pablo and Lipa City. It is traversed by the Pan Philippine Highway and the Philippine National Railways.

Candelaria has an area of about 12,910 hectares, an agricultural municipality, and is situated in the southern slope of Mount Banahaw. The town proper is wedged by two rivers, namely, Masin River on the west and Quiapo River on the east.

Barangays[edit]

Candelaria is politically subdivided into 25 barangays, listed here with their respective Barangay Captains and population as of 2010:

Barangay Barangay Captain Population (2010)[3]
Bukal Norte Virgilio Lingao 2,358
Bukal Sur Morel Escalona 6,573
Buenavista East Gregoria Evangelista Robles 2,206
Buenavista West Eugenio Rodriguez 3,340
Kinatihan I Pedro Arguelles 1,671
Kinatihan II Manuel Hawak 1,659
Malabanban Norte Fernando Alcantara 11,446
Malabanban Sur Edna Macapugay 7,290
Mangilag Norte Ricardo de Chavez 2,114
Mangilag Sur Ronilo Garcia 5,881
Masalukot I Ireneo Boongaling 6,025
Masalukot II Federico Tesico 2,273
Masalukot III Eddie Carandang 1,026
Masalukot IV Reverend Manalo 603
Masalukot V Roseller Belen 572
Masin Norte Cipriano Custodio 6,357
Masin Sur Reynaldo Cantos 5,165
Mayabobo Rufino Delgado 1,814
Pahinga Norte George Suayan 12,378
Pahinga Sur Estelito Sulit 2,517
Poblacion Marinelo Emralino 6,040
San Andres Librado Panaligan 4,587
San Isidro Norma Beredo 4,158
Santa Catalina Norte Ligaya Clanor 6,135
Santa Catalina Sur Maila Escamillas 6,382

Climate[edit]

There are two pronounced seasons in Candelaria: Dry and hot season from March to May, Wet season for the rest of the year. Typhoons often struck the municipality. The most remarkable are Supertyphoon "Rosing" in November 1995 and Typhoon "Milenyo" in September 2006.

Normal temperatures in Candelaria range from 22 °C (72 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F). It is slightly warmer than the more elevated municipality of Lucban and Sampaloc. The temperatures became cooler in January with a range of about 18 °C (64 °F), while in April, the hottest month, may rise of up to 35 °C (95 °F).

Climate data for Candelaria, Quezon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30.2
(86.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23.3
(73.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 146.2
(5.756)
118.9
(4.681)
89.1
(3.508)
75.6
(2.976)
170.8
(6.724)
188.7
(7.429)
258.9
(10.193)
193.3
(7.61)
227.3
(8.949)
373.7
(14.713)
425.3
(16.744)
483.6
(19.039)
2,751.4
(108.322)
Avg. rainy days 22 16 14 10 16 18 20 20 21 24 26 26 233
Source: World Weather Online[4]

Topography[edit]

Candelaria is more elevated in the northern part since it lies at the southern slope of Banahaw and predominantly agricultural. There are plantations of coconut and vegetables in its remote barangays. Most of the inhabitants are having poultry and livestock business and in the remaining part of the municipality are farmlands mostly of rice, corn, and other root crops.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Candelaria
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 69,969 —    
1995 80,733 +2.72%
2000 92,429 +2.94%
2007 105,997 +1.91%
2010 110,570 +1.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Candelaria has a population of 110,570 as of the 2010 census. The increase in population became rapid in the 1990s, in 1995, it has a population of 80,733 inhabitants, while in 2000, the population grew to 92,429, with an increase of about 15 percent.

In 2007, the official number of inhabitants in the municipality based on 2007 census is 105,997, or about 4,240 families or 21,243 households. Most Candelarians reside in Pahinga Norte and Malabanban Norte, the adjacent barangays of the town proper.

As of 2007, almost 93 percent of the population are Roman Catholics, 3.5 percent are Protestants, about 3 percent are members of Iglesia ni Cristo, 0.05 percent are of Islam, 0.97 percent are of other denominations such as Pentecostalists, Fundamental Baptist, Bible Baptist, Conservative Baptist, Latter Day Saints, Seventh Day Adventist, Jehovah's Witnesses and others.

Language[edit]

Tagalog is widely spoken by the populace. However, their accent resembles the Tagalog dialect spoken in Batangas owing to its location, and history. Most of Candelarians came from the neighboring province of Batangas.

Economy[edit]

Busy downtown, Hacienda Inn

Candelaria is one of the most progressive municipalities in Quezon Province. Rapid progress have been felt since the 1990s where most of the commercial establishments have been built such as retail merchandising, grocery, hardware, fastfood outlets, shopping center, and others. The Candelaria Public Market, though it is adjacent to Barangay Poblacion, is located on Barangay Pahinga Norte.

Places of interest[edit]

Our Mother of Perpetual Help Parish Church of Taguan

Candle festival[edit]

The town fiesta is celebrated on the 5th of February to honor the patron saint San Pedro Bautista. Since 2005, Monsignor Carlos (Charles) Pedro A. Herrera, the parish priest, started his devotion to Nuestra Senora de Candelaria and honored her with a Candle Festival every February 2. The celebration was concluded with a procession through the streets of the town featuring the street dancing by the youth of the community in honor of the Blessed Virgin. A parade of floats representing each of the 25 barangays was, also, featured during the festivities.

A project in honor of the Blessed Mother Mary that will renovate the patio of the San Pedro Bautista Parish Church had been developed on April 22, 2012. The renovated patio will convert the current parking lot into a multi-purpose open amphitheater for use of the people of Candelaria. It will provide a venue for children and toddlers playground, jogging/walking path, a rosary garden, a via Dolorosa, and a stage for performances complete with controlled theater lighting. The playground will be lit with lighting standards. The fundraising for the project will be accomplished through a 1000 Points of Light campaign where each point of light will be represented by a Candelarian or friends of Candelaria contributing Php5000 or more. Inauguration is scheduled for February 2, 2013, CANDLE FESTIVAL celebration. Ground breaking is targeted for August 4, 2012, ARAW NG CANDELARIA. The community project is expecting every Candelarians around the world to step up and bring their "POINT OF LIGHT". The SPBPC parish council for economic affairs is taking the lead with Dr. Al Cornejo at the helm.

Local government[edit]

Town hall

Elected officials (2010–2013):

Former heads and mayors (1879–2007)[edit]

  • Don Simeon Nadres, 1879–1883
  • Don Clemente Nadres, 1883–1887
  • Don Tomas Cabunag, 1887–1891
  • Don Apolinario Gonzales, 1891–1895
  • Don Pedro de Gala, 1895–1898
  • Don Benigno Nadres, 1898–1900
  • Don Elino de Gala, 1900–1902
  • Don Herminigildo Nadres, 1908–1912, 1919–1921
  • Don Juan Javier, 1912–1916
  • Don Generoso de Gala, 1916–1918
  • Don Gregorio Remata, 1918–1919
  • Don Francisco Fernandez, 1921–1922
  • Don Mansueto Javier, 1922–1925
  • Don David Reyroso, 1925–1928
  • Don Emilio de Gala, 1928–1931
  • Dr. Generoso Nadres, Sr., 1931–1934
  • Dr. Vicente Macasaet, 1934–1937
  • Pastor Javier, 1937–1941, 1943–1944, 1945–1946
  • Juan Ramos, 1941
  • Francisco Malabanan, 1941–1943
  • Cresenciano de Gala, 1944–1945
  • Felix Ona, 1946–1947, 1955–1959
  • Eligio Manalo, 1947–1955
  • Venancio Dia, 1959–1967
  • Cipriano Maliwanag, 1967–1978
  • Pedro Cedeno, 1978–1986
  • David Emralino, 1986–1998, 2001–2007
  • Isidro de Gala, 1998–2001

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Welcome arch

Road network[edit]

There are three major highways that pass throughout the municipality and the town proper. The South Luzon Expressway Toll Road 4 (TR4) stretching from Sto. Tomas, Batangas to Lucena City will pass in the northern part of the municipality, planned to be finished in 2016. The new expressway will occupy portions of Barangays Bukal Norte, Masalukot II, Masalukot I, Mayabobo, and Mangilag Norte. However, these matters are only speculations at present and not yet confirmed.

  • The Pan Philippine Highway (also known as Maharlika Highway or National Highway), passes through the municipality west-east from Kilometer 102 in Barangay Bukal Sur (opposite Tiaong, Quezon) to Kilometer 111 in Barangay Mangilag Sur (opposite Sariaya). It connects the municipality to its neighboring towns of Tiaong and Sariaya, and cities like San Pablo City in Laguna and Lucena City, the provincial capital.
  • The Candelaria-Bolboc Road (also known as Candelaria-San Juan Road) is a 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) two-lane highway that starts at the Pan Philippine Highway junction in Barangay Malabanban Norte going straight south to the municipality of San Juan, Batangas. This is an alternative road for commuters from Metro Manila via Batangas. It ends at Barangay Santa Catalina Sur (opposite Bantilan, Sariaya, Quezon).
  • The Candelaria Bypass Road (also known as Candelaria Diversion Road) is a two-lane bypass road that serves as an alternative road for commuters from Metro Manila to Batangas and Bicol Region. Inaugurated in 2012, this 7.8 kilometres (4.8 mi) road starts at Barangay Bukal Sur turning south to Barangays Masin Sur, Pahinga Norte, Malabanban Sur and Mangilag Sur. It intersects the Candelaria-Bolboc Road at Barangay Malabanban Sur and crosses the Philippine National Railway in Mangilag Sur. It ends at the eastern portion of Maharlika Highway right after United Candelaria Doctors Hospital.

There are also major roads within the municipality.

  • Rizal Avenue is the two-lane main road located in Barangay Poblacion. It connects Barangay Masin Norte and Sur in the west and Malabanban Norte in the east. Some landmarks located here are the Municipal Hall, Catholic Church, and Plaza Narra.
  • Cabunag Street also in Barangay Poblacion is the municipality's main business district. Most of business establishments such as hardwares like Licup Builders the oldest hardware in town, RTWs, pharmacies, footwear, general merchandise, and restaurants are located here. It also serves as a thoroughfare for local commuters going to nearby barangays such as Pahinga Norte and Masalukot I.
  • Ramos Street-Masalukot Barangay Road is a road that starts at Maharlika Highway in Barangay Poblacion and ends at Barangay Masalukot III. This is also an access road to most of subdivisions located in Barangay Masalukot I such as School View Park Subdivision, Village of St. Jude (VSJ), Maria Cristina Village, St. Anthony Subdivision, Villa Macaria Country Homes, Clarisse Subdivision, Faustin Floraville, and others. There are also schools located along the road, such as Grabsum School Inc. and Dr. Panfilo Castro National High School Annex.
  • Tibanglan Road is a dirt road that serves as a main access to Barangay Mayabobo from Maharlika Highway in Barangay Malabanban Norte, in front of Iglesia ni Cristo Church.
  • Pahinga-Kinatihan Road is a barangay road that starts at Cabunag Street down south to Barangay Kinatihan II. It serves as an access road to Candelaria Bypass Road from the town proper. Some landmarks located along the road are Peter Paul Philippine Corporation, Pahinga Norte Elementary School, Cocoma, and Villa Katrina Subdivision. A junction located in Barangay Pahinga Norte right after the spillway across Quiapo River connects it towards Barangay Santa Catalina Norte.
  • Mangilag-Concepcion Road is a barangay road that starts at Maharlika Highway in Mangilag Sur and an access road to Barangays Mayabobo and Concepcion Banahaw in Sariaya, Quezon. Some landmarks found here are Dr. Panfilo Castro National High School, Mangilag Norte Elementary School, and Mount Mayabobo.

Public transport[edit]

Provincial Buses to and from Metro Manila and Lucena City such as JAC Liner Inc., DLTBCO, JAM Liner and Lucena Lines stops at the municipality's designated bus stop located in Poblacion for passengers.

There are also jeepney terminals located in the town proper. For passengers going to Lucena City, the terminal is located in Rizal Avenue corner Gonzales Street in front of Bank of the Philippine Islands branch. For passengers going to San Pablo City, the terminal is located beside Metrobank in Rizal Avenue corner Del Valle Street. For passengers going to San Juan, Batangas the terminal is located in Gonzales Street.

Tricycles are the most common mode of transportation in the municipality. There are lots of tricycle terminals in Barangay Poblacion, serving local commuters to the nearby barangays.

Water transport[edit]

Candelaria has no coastline and one of the inland municipalities of Quezon Province, together with Dolores, Lucban, Sampaloc, San Antonio, Tayabas, and Tiaong. The seaport nearest to the municipality is Dalahican Port in Lucena City for passengers going to Marinduque, Masbate, and other island provinces. Dalahican Port is about 30 kilometers from Candelaria. Subuquin Port in San Juan, Batangas is also a consideration. Among the international seaports in Luzon, Batangas Port in Batangas City is the nearest one. It would take approximately two hours in a private vehicle to reach from Candelaria, passing through the municipalities of San Juan, Rosario, and Ibaan, Batangas.

Air transport[edit]

Candelaria has no airport, runway or any facility to accommodate air operations. The nearest airbase in the municipality is the San Fernando Airbase in Lipa City with a distance of about 32 kilometers west of the municipality, while the nearest international airport is the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Pasay City with a distance of about 103 kilometers northwest of the municipality. For air travelers, you have to travel for more or less two hours to reach Metro Manila and a couple of minutes more for Ninoy Aquino International Airport in case of traffic obstructions.

Communications[edit]

Candelaria is served by General Telephone System, Inc. (GTSi) and Digitel Telecommunications (PLDT-Digitel) as the main telecommunication services providers. GTSi has started its operations in the municipality in 1981, making it the third municipality where it started its operation, the first two are Gumaca in 1977 and Atimonan in 1979.

Internet shops are commonly found in the town proper.

Health care[edit]

Candelaria has three hospitals: one public and two private.

  • Candelaria Municipal Hospital (known as Nursery, built in 1984) - located in Barangay Masin Norte.
  • Peter Paul Medical Center (formerly Peter Paul Hospital, built in 1948) - located in Regidor St., Barangay Poblacion.
  • United Candelaria Doctors Hospital (built in 2009) - located in Maharlika Highway near Candelaria Bypass Road, Barangay Mangilag Sur.

The Candelaria Municipal Hospital is built during the administration of former Mayor Pedro Cedeno in 1984. Peter Paul Medical Center is one of the pioneering hospitals of the municipality, established in 1948. United Candelaria Doctors Hospital is the newly built medical facility of Candelaria, opened in February 2009.

Each barangay has its own health center for free health services. More lying-in clinics are located throughout the municipality.

Education[edit]

Primary[edit]

  • Candelaria Elementary School Main
  • Candelaria Elementary School Annexes 1 and 2
  • Manuel Luis Quezon Elementary School (Cheng Hua Chinese School)
  • Grabsum School, Inc. (School View)
  • Headstart Christian Learning Institute
  • Trinity Christian Academy
  • Buenavista East Elementary School
  • Buenavista West Elementary School
  • Bukal Norte Elementary School (Mayapyap Annex)
  • Bukal Norte Elementary School
  • Bukal Sur Elementary School
  • Kinatihan I Elementary School
  • Kinatihan II Elementary School
  • Lady Mediatrix Institute
  • Malabanban Norte Elementary School
  • Malabanban Sur Elementary School
  • Mangilag Norte Elementary School
  • Mangilag Sur Elementary School
  • Masalukot I Elementary School
  • Masalukot II Elementary School
  • Masalukot III Elementary School
  • Masalukot IV Elementary School
  • Masalukot V Elementary School
  • Masin Elementary School
  • Mayabobo Elementary School
  • Pahinga Norte Elementary School
  • Pahinga Sur Elementary School
  • San Andres Elementary School
  • San Isidro Elementary School
  • Sta. Catalina Norte Elementary School
  • Sta. Catalina Sur Elementary School
  • Tayabas Western Academy

Secondary[edit]

  • Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation Candelaria, Inc.
  • Grabsum School, Inc.
  • Lady Mediatrix Institute
  • Tayabas Western Academy
  • Sta. Catalina National High School
  • Bukal Sur National High School
  • Manuel Macasaet National High School
  • Dr. Panfilo Castro National High School
  • Dr. Panfilo Castro National High School (Masalukot I Annex)
Tayabas Western Academy

Tertiary[edit]

  • Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation (Candelaria Campus)
  • Tayabas Western Academy
  • Compskill Learning Academy
  • Chrisville Institute of Technology

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Candelaria Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 

External links[edit]