Candes-Saint-Martin

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Candes-Saint-Martin
View over the Loire
View over the Loire
Coat of arms of Candes-Saint-Martin
Coat of arms
Candes-Saint-Martin is located in France
Candes-Saint-Martin
Candes-Saint-Martin
Coordinates: 47°12′42″N 0°04′27″E / 47.2117°N 0.0742°E / 47.2117; 0.0742Coordinates: 47°12′42″N 0°04′27″E / 47.2117°N 0.0742°E / 47.2117; 0.0742
Country France
Region Centre
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Chinon
Canton Chinon
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lise Couëdy-Gruet
Area1 5.77 km2 (2.23 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 222
 • Density 38/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 37042 / 37500
Elevation 27–101 m (89–331 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Candes-Saint-Martin (Latin: Candia Sanctus Martinus) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It overlooks the confluence of the Vienne and Loire rivers from a steep hill on the left bank of the Loire, and marks the boundary between the modern departments of Indre-et-Loire to the east, and Maine-et-Loire to the West.

Name[edit]

The name Candes is thought to derive from a Gallic word for confluence, and is found in several other similarly sited towns in the region; the termination Saint-Martin was formally added in 1949, although it had been in common usage for many years. Evidence of Gallo-Roman occupation was found in 19th century excavations, particularly in the grounds of the Bishop's Palace which crowns the hill.

The village takes its name - and its main claim to fame- from the magnificent church which has succeeded the 4th century monastery where St Martin, Bishop of Tours and 'Apostle to the Gauls', died in 397.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 638 —    
1800 525 −17.7%
1806 631 +20.2%
1821 719 +13.9%
1831 748 +4.0%
1836 750 +0.3%
1841 749 −0.1%
1846 721 −3.7%
1851 711 −1.4%
1856 664 −6.6%
1861 630 −5.1%
1866 613 −2.7%
1872 518 −15.5%
1876 482 −6.9%
1881 437 −9.3%
1886 420 −3.9%
1891 412 −1.9%
1896 388 −5.8%
1901 362 −6.7%
1906 320 −11.6%
1911 327 +2.2%
1921 291 −11.0%
1926 238 −18.2%
1931 222 −6.7%
1936 250 +12.6%
1946 252 +0.8%
1954 313 +24.2%
1962 294 −6.1%
1968 264 −10.2%
1975 269 +1.9%
1982 268 −0.4%
1990 244 −9.0%
1999 227 −7.0%
2006 222 −2.2%
2009 222 +0.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]