List of candies

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Candy shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Candy in Damascus, Syria
Bulk candies
A wrapped and unwrapped chocolate coin

Candy, known also as sweets and confectionary, has a long history as a familiar food treat that is available in many varieties. Candy varieties are influenced by the size of the sugar crystals, aeration, sugar concentrations, colour and the types of sugar used.[1] Jelly candies, such as gumdrops and gummies, use stabilizers including starch, pectin or gelatin.[1] Simple sugar or sucrose is turned into candy by dissolving it in water, concentrating this solution through cooking and allowing the mass either to form a mutable solid or to recrystallize.[1] Other sugars, sugar substitutes, and corn syrup are also used. Another type of candy is cotton candy, which is made from spun sugar.

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Astros (chocolate) Cadbury A candy coated chocolate with a biscuit center. The product was first launched in 1997 in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and in South Africa as a rival to Nestlé Smarties, and M&M's in the US.[2] In Australia they were marketed as Lunas.
Beacon Sweets and Chocolates Candy manufactured by the Beacon Sweets and Chocolates company is the top-selling candy in South Africa. They produce a wide variety of candies, including gummies, jelly candy, chocolate, and others.
Massam's The maker of a nougat candy from South Africa. Varieties include honey almond, almond cherry, and honey cashew. The candies are exported to various countries.

Asia[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Milk candy (Asia) A hard candy common to Japan, China and Korea.

China[edit]

Chinese candies and sweets, called táng ()[3] are usually made with cane sugar, malt sugar, and honey.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Dragon's beard candy Dragons beard candy.JPG Also known as "Chinese cotton candy," it's a handmade traditional art of Ancient China and also a traditional Chinese sweet similar to spun sugar, which can be found in many Chinese communities. The legend of Dragon's Beard Candy was first notably practiced during the Chinese Han Dynasty.[4]
Orange jelly candy HKorangejellycandy.jpg Finger-sized sticks of soft jelly candy generally sold in food specialty stores in Hong Kong. A great deal of candy available in Hong Kong are imported from Europe, mainland China, United States and other regions around the world. Orange jelly candy is one of the few that has historically been manufactured locally in Hong Kong.
White Rabbit Creamy Candy Shanghai Guan Sheng Yuan Food, Ltd. White rabbit.jpg A soft, chewy texture, and is formed into cylinders approximately 3 cm long and 1 cm in diameter, similar to contemporary western nougat or taffy. Each candy is wrapped in a printed waxed paper wrapper, but within this, the sticky candies are again wrapped in a thin edible paper-like wrapping made from sticky rice.[5] Although the rice wrapping layer is meant to be eaten along with the rest of the candy, it does not figure in the list of ingredients, which is limited to corn starch, syrup, cane sugar, butter, and milk.
Zaotang Zaotang.jpg A type of candy made of maltose that people in China use as a sacrifice to the kitchen god around the twenty third day of the twelfth lunar month just before Chinese New Year.

Japan[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Botan Rice Candy JFC International Inc. Botan Rice Candy.jpg Chewy rice candies wrapped in a thin layer of edible rice paper that dissolves in the mouth. A children's sticker is included in every box.
Hi-Chew Morinaga & Company A fruit-flavored chewy candy that was first released in 1975. It was re-released in its current shape (a stick of several individually wrapped candies) in February 1986. Hi-Chew candies are individually wrapped in logo-stamped foil or plain white wax paper (depending on the localization).
Konpeitō Kompeito konpeito.JPG A sugar candy introduced by the Portuguese in the 16th century, it is a type of higashi. It is a small toffee sphere (5 mm in diameter) with a pimply surface, made from sugar, water, and flour in a variety of colors. Originally there was a sesame seed in the middle, later a poppy seed, but nowadays no seed at all. The word comfit derives from the Portuguese confeito."
Meiji Meiji Seika Kaisha Ltd. Meiji milk chocolate.jpg Meiji chocolates flavors include cheese, black pepper, jasmine, basil, and lemon salt.[6]
Pucca Chocolate Meiji Seika Kaisha Corporation A baked pretzel candy with a chocolate cream center. It is also available in strawberry and milk flavors.
Puccho UHA Mikakutō Co. Ltd. Puccho-MelonCider.jpg Gummi puccho squares are a unique consistency similar to a combination of gummy bears and taffy. They often contain gummy "balls" of flavor that are more chewy than the rest of the square. In addition to these balls, there are also "fizz" balls that mimic the carbonation of their soda derivatives.

Philippines[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Nata de coco Nata de coco.JPG A chewy, translucent, jelly-like foodstuff produced by the fermentation of coconut water, which gels through the production of microbial cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum. Originating in the Philippines, Nata de coco is most commonly sweetened as a candy or dessert, and can accompany many things including pickles, drinks, ice cream, puddings and fruit mixes.
Pastillas de leche Philippine Carabao Center Dairy Pastillasjf.JPG Soft milk candies that dissolve in the mouth. Pictured are PCC Dairy's Pastillas de leche, made from water buffalo's milk, Philippine Carabao Center

Europe[edit]

Austria[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Pez Invented in 1927 in Vienna.


Czech Republic[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Orion Nestlé Production of Orion chocolate began in 1896 as a part of a small family business in Prague. The chocolate became very popular, representing 1/3 of the chocolate produced in the Czech Republic. In 1991, Nestlé took over Orion chocolate, which has only helped boost the popularity of the candy.[7]

France[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Calisson Calisson.jpg a traditional French candy consisting of a smooth, pale yellow, homogeneous paste of candied fruit (especially melons and oranges) and ground almonds topped with a thin layer of royal icing. The calisson is believed to have its origins in medieval Italy.
Carambar Delespaul-Havez company Carambar Caramel.jpg A chewy caramel candy. In 1972, the name changed to "Super Caram'bar". In 1977, the name lost its apostrophe.
Chocolate truffle Various Truffles with nuts and chocolate dusting in detail.jpg The chocolate truffle is thought to have been first created by N.Petruccelli in Chambéry, France in December 1895.[8] They are traditionally made with a chocolate ganache centre coated in chocolate, icing sugar, cocoa powder or chopped toasted nuts (typically hazelnuts, almonds or coconut), usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape.
Hollywood Cadbury Hollywood Chewing Gum.jpg The first French chewing gum, it was created in 1952. The French were introduced to chewing gum for the first time by the American troops stationed there in 1944. In 1958, the gum's main advertising focus was that of the American Dream. While Hollywood now offers a variety of different flavors, the very first flavor was spearmint.[9]

Germany[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Milka Kraft Foods Company BarraChocolateMilkaalmendrado.JPG A milk chocolate candy that was first created in 1901. The candy's packaging is unique and includes its iconic lilac-colored cow, which helps tie the candy back to its Alpine heritage.[10]

Gummies[edit]

Gummies are gelatin based chewy candies that come in a variety of shapes, colors and flavors. The gummy bear originated in Germany, where it is popular under the name Gummibär (rubber bear) or Gummibärchen (little rubber bear). Hans Riegel Sr., a candy maker from Bonn, started the Haribo company in 1920.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Fraise Tagada Haribo, others Fraise Tagada.jpg Invented in 1969 by the Haribo Company, which invented the gummi bear. The Fraise Tagada is presented in the shape of an inflated strawberry covered in fine sugar, colored pink and scented. In France, the Fraise Tagada is one of the most widely sold candies (1 billion Fraises annually) and also one of the most imitated.
Gummi bears Various (Haribo, Trolli) Gummy bears.jpg Gelatin based, chewy, fruit flavored
Gummi banana strawberry ring Various
Gummi cherries Various Gelatin based, chewy
Gummi cola bottles Various (Haribo, Trolli) Gummy cola bottles.jpg Gelatin based, chewy, cola flavored gummi bear
Gummi fish Various Swedishfish.jpg
Gummi raspberries Various
Gummi worms Various (Trolli) Gummi worms.jpg Gelatin based, chewy
Other gummi shapes Various (Trolli) Fale - Barcellona - 194.jpg

Hungary[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Negro (candy) Pietro Negro (inventor) A Hungarian candy, its black color is derived from molasses, and menthol is used to add flavor. Its full recipe is an industrial secret.[11][12]
Túró Rudi Rudi akt.jpg A chocolate bar popular in Hungary since 1968. The bar is composed of a thin outer coating of chocolate and an inner filling of túró (curd). The "Rudi" in the product name comes from the Hungarian "rúd", which translates to rod or bar (and is also a nickname for the name Rudolf). Túró Rudi can be made in different flavors and sizes.

Italy[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Jordan almonds JordanAlmonds.jpg Almonds that are sugar panned in various pastel colors.[13] In Sulmona, Italy, the technique of creating the dragée almonds was perfected by the Pelino family.[14] Jordan Almonds are thought to originate from Ancient Greece, where honey-covered almonds were commonly eaten at festivities.

Poland[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Prince Polo Kraft Jacobs Suchard Prince-Polo-Dark-Split.jpg A Polish chocolate bar that was introduced in 1955, during the early years of the Polish People's Republic, by Olza S.A. in Cieszyn. It is a chocolate-covered wafer, with four layers of wafer joined by three layers of chocolate-flavored filling; it was easily identifiable by its metallic gold-colored wrapper.

Portugal[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Queijadinha Originating in Portugal, and common in Brazil, this candy was essentially improved during the colonial period in the farms of colonial Brazil and it was very influenced by the African slave culture. The traditional variety is prepared with these main ingredients: grated coconut and cheese, sweetened condensed milk, sugar, butter and egg yolks. Additionally, Queijada de Sintra is a type of queijada candy made in Sintra, Portugal.

Russia[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Pastila Kolomna pastila.jpg A fruit-based candy produced in the town of Kolomna since the 14th century.[15]

Scotland[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Tablet Butter tablet.JPG A medium-hard, sugary confection from Scotland. Tablet is usually made from sugar, condensed milk, and butter, boiled to a soft-ball stage and allowed to crystallize. It is often flavored with vanilla, and sometimes has nut pieces in it.[16]

Gum[edit]

Chewing gum is often referred to as a type of candy.

Middle East[edit]

Iran[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Rock candy Various Kandiszucker weiß.jpg Candied sugar has its origins in Iran. It's a type of confectionery mineral composed of relatively large sugar crystals. This candy is formed by allowing a supersaturated solution of sugar and water to crystallize onto a surface suitable for crystal nucleation, such as a string or stick.

Israel[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Elite Strauss Elite-Pesek-Zman-Split.jpg Manufactured in Israel.
Hanukkah gelt Carmit, Strauss,
Steenland Chocolate[17]
Chocolate-Gold-Coins.jpg The term "Hanukkah gelt" refers to both money and chocolate coins given to Jewish children on the festival of Hanukkah.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Galaxy bar Mars Inc. GlaxayME.jpg The top-selling candy in Saudi Arabia. The bars are milk chocolate with a caramel filling. This same candy is known as Dove in the United States.

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Cadbury Caramilk Cadbury Adams a caramel-filled chocolate bar that was first manufactured in 1968.

Mexico[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Saladitos Considered as a candy in Mexico, Saladitos are salted plums, which can also be sweetened with sugar and anise or coated in chili and lime. They originated in China.

United States[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Almond Joy Hershey Almond-joy-broken.jpg Consists of a coconut-based center topped with two almonds, the combination enrobed in a layer of milk chocolate.
Ayds The Campana Company (original producer) Ayds Diet Product Original Box.jpg Ayds was an appetite-suppressant candy which enjoyed strong sales in the 1970s and early 1980s. By the mid-1980s, public awareness of the disease AIDS caused problems for the brand due to the phonetic similarity of the names. While initially sales were not affected, by 1988 the chair of Dep Corporation announced that the company was seeking a new name because sales had dropped as much as 50% due to publicity about the disease.[18] While the product's name was changed to Diet Ayds (Aydslim in Britain), it was eventually withdrawn from the market.
Big Hunk Annabelle Candy Company Big-Hunk-Bar.jpg Bar of roasted peanuts covered in honey sweetened nougat.
Bit-O-Honey Nestlé Bit-O-Honey-Bar.jpg Introduced in 1924 and was made by the Schutter-Johnson Company. Acquired by the Nestlé Company in 1984
Reese's Pieces Hershey Reeses-pieces-loose.JPG Peanut Butter candy, circular in shape and covered in candy shells that are colored yellow, orange, or brown.
Mounds Hershey Candy-Mounds-Broken.jpg Similar to Almond Joy, it consists of a coconut based center; however, it is enrobed with dark chocolate rather than milk chocolate and does not contain almonds.
U-No Bar Annabelle Candy Company U-No-Split.jpg Truffle type bar with almond bits, covered in chocolate and comes wrapped in a silver foil-like wrapper.

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
TopLine gum Arcor

Brazil[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Trident Cadbury A well-known candy and gum brand in Brazil

Chile[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Ambrosoli Ambrosoli Honees-Regular&Milk-Drops.jpg Ambrosoli is the largest candy manufacturer in Chile. The company produces a wide variety of candies, including jelly and hard candy.[19]

Colombia[edit]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Jet Compania Nacional de Chocolates Jet chocolate bars were first manufactured in the 1960s.

Western candies[edit]

The following are candies in the Western world.

Caramels[edit]

Caramels are made by cooking sugar and water together.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Caramel squares Various Caramels.jpg Soft caramel cubes
Coffee Rio Adams and Brooks Coffee flavored hard caramels
Long Boys Atkinson's Candy Chewy caramels rolled and blended with flakes of real coconut. Originated in New Orleans at least 50 years ago
Squirrel nut caramel Necco Squirrel-Nut-Zippers.jpg Chewy caramel candy mixed with pieces of peanuts, comes in chocolate and caramel flavors. Caramel variety developed in the 1920s by the Squirrel Brand Company

Chocolate[edit]

Chocolate is made from the fermented, roasted and ground beans of the tropical cacao tree. In America, cocoa refers to ground cacao beans. Chocolate is the combination of cocoa, cocoa butter, sugar and other ingredients (milk, flavorings, and emulsifiers)and they are sweet.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Cadbury Cadbury Cadbury-Fudge.jpg A British confectionery company owned by Mondelēz International Inc. and is the industry's second-largest globally after Mars, Incorporated.[20] With its headquarters in Uxbridge, London, England, the company operates in more than 50 countries worldwide.
Cookies and Creme Hershey Bar Hershey Candy-Hersheys-CookiesCreme-Broken.jpg White confection bar with Oreo-like cookies scattered inside
Dark chocolate Schokolade-schwarz.jpg Produced by adding fat and sugar to cocoa, it is chocolate with no or much less milk compared to milk chocolate. The U.S. has no official definition for dark chocolate but European rules specify a minimum of 35% cocoa solids.[21]
Hershey Bar Hershey Hershey-bar-open.JPG The Hershey Milk Chocolate Bar was first sold in 1900 with the Hershey's Milk Chocolate with Almonds variety beginning produced in 1908. A circular version of the milk chocolate bar called Hershey's Drops was released in 2010.
Hershey's Kisses Hershey Hershey's Kisses and Cherry Cordial Creme Kisses.jpg Bite-sized pieces of chocolate with a distinctive shape, they are wrapped in squares of lightweight aluminum foil with a narrow strip of paper protruding from the top.
Jersey Milk Milk chocolate bar
Kit Kat U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé Kit-Kat-Split.jpg Chocolate-covered wafer biscuit bar confection
Lindt Lindt Chocolates bokeh.jpg
Maltesers Mars, Inc. Maltesers-Pile-and-Split.jpg
Milk Duds Hershey A caramel candy, historically enrobed with milk chocolate and currently enrobed with a confectionery coating made from cocoa and vegetable oil.
Milky Way Mars, Inc. Milky-Way-Bars-USUK-Split.jpg Pictured are a larger American (left) and a smaller European (right) Milky Way bar
Moiz heads
Peppermint bark Peppermint Bark (3197351955).jpg A chocolate confection that consists of peppermint candy pieces, such as candy canes, in white chocolate on top of dark chocolate, but peppermint bark can refer to any chocolate with peppermint candy pieces in it.
Reese's Peanut Butter Cup Hershey Reeses-PB-Cups-Size-Trio.jpg Peanut Butter covered in milk chocolate
Rolo U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé Rolo-Candies-US.jpg Chocolate-coated Caramels
Snickers Mars, Inc. Snickers-broken.JPG Peanuts and Caramel covered in milk chocolate
Twix Mars, Inc. Twix-broken.jpg Caramel and Cookie covered in milk chocolate
Whoppers Hershey Whoppers.jpg Chocolate-covered malted milk balls.

Classic Candies[edit]

Many of these candies were developed between the 1880s and 1950 by various candy-makers.[22]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Abba-Zaba Annabelle Candy Company Abba-Zaba-Split.jpg Taffy candy bars with peanut butter centers. Originally manufactured by the Cardinet Candy Co. along with U-No Bar.
Almond Roca Brown and Haley Almond Roca.JPG Buttercrunch toffee.
Black Jacks Ye Olde Pepper Co Old fashioned black strap molasses.[23]
Boston Fruit Slices Boston Fruit Slice & Confectionery Corp. Six decades of fruit flavored slices in raspberry, lemon, orange, lime, cherry, watermelon, grape, peach, lemon-lime, pink grapefruit, blue raspberry, strawberry-banana, and apple.[24]
Brittle Various Golden peanut brittle cracked on a serving dish.jpg A type of confection, consisting of flat broken pieces of hard sugar candy embedded with nuts such as pecans, almonds, or peanuts.[25]
Caramac Nestlé Caramac.jpg Colored pale yellow, the bar is made using sweetened condensed milk, butter and various artificial flavorings, as well as sugar.[26] It is packaged in a red and yellow wrapper.
Caramel Creams Goetze Chewy caramel wrapped around a sweet fondant center.
Chick-O-Sticks Atkinson's A crunchy peanut butter and toasted coconut candy stick.
Cinnamon Toothpicks Candy Crate Spicy cinnamon flavored toothpicks.
Cotton candy Various Hlhb hennebont 01-7.jpg A candy treat made prepared by spinning sugar.
Gumdrop Various Glowing gumdrops.jpg Usually brightly colored gelatin- or pectin-based pieces, shaped like a truncated cone and coated in granulated sugar. Outside of the U.S. they are known as American hard gums.
Jelly Tots Rowntree's Jelly tots.jpg Launched in 1967, Jelly Tots are round, sugar-coated gumdrop-like confections about 7mm in diameter, and are advertised as containing 25% fruit juices and no artificial colors or flavors. According to the packaging, Jelly Tots are suitable for vegetarians or vegans as they contain no gelatin or animal-based ingredients.
Look! Annabelle Candy Company Chewy peanut filled nougat, covered with dark chocolate.
M&M's Mars, Inc., Various Plain-M&Ms-Pile.jpg Manufactured in various different colors, with ingredients such as peanuts, chocolate and pretzel, encased in hard candy.
Mallo Cups Boyer Brothers Mallo-Cup-Split.jpg Using cupcake papers, the Mallo Cup became was the first cup candy by the company founded in 1936 in the USA. Peanut Butter Cup and Smoothie were later added
Mary Jane Necco Candy-Mary-Jane.jpg Butter-flavored taffy-type candy with peanut butter in the center
Peach Blossoms Necco PeachBlossom.png Peanut butter wrapped in crunchy shell. Peach colored, but not peach flavored.
Red Vines Black Licorice Stupid Whips American Licorice Company Old-world licorice with the same tried-and-true ingredients from its original recipe from 1914.
Rocky Road Candy Annabelle Candy Company Candy which combines chocolate, marshmallow and nuts (usually almonds or English walnuts).
Salt water taffy Various Salt water taffy.jpg A variety of soft taffy originally produced and marketed in the Atlantic City, New Jersey, area beginning in the late 19th century.
Skittles Wrigley Company Skittles-Louisiana-2003.jpg Skittles have hard sugar shells which carry the letter S. The inside is mainly sugar, corn syrup, and hydrogenated palm kernel oil along with fruit juice, citric acid, and natural and artificial flavours.[27] The confectionery has been sold in a variety of flavors.
Sky Bar Necco Sky-Bar-Split.jpg Four sections with four fillings: caramel, vanilla, peanut and fudge covered in milk chocolate. American candy bar produced since 1938 by NECCO
Toffee Various Thorntonstoffee.jpg A confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour.
Tootsie Roll Tootsie Roll Industries Tootsie-Roll-WU.jpg Chewy chocolate candy.

Hard candy[edit]

Hard candies, or boiled sweets, are sugary candies that dissolve slowly in the mouth. Among the artisanal hard candies, the "pirulin", also known as the "Heng Jia" or "Heng Li" in Northern China, is a famous one in several Spanish-speaking countries, like Argentina, Mexico and Chile and its popularity has spread to certain parts of Greater Asia. There are many local and regional varieties, including the hazelnut-filled Mässmogge of Basel, Switzerland.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Butterscotch Various Butterscotch-Candies.jpg A type of confectionery whose primary ingredients are brown sugar and butter, although other ingredients such as corn syrup, cream, vanilla, and salt are part of some recipes.
Candy Buttons Necco Yamunna Candy Buttons.jpg Small rounded pegs of candy that are attached to a strip of paper. Originally introduced by the Pippymat company.
Candy canes various Candy-Cane-Classic.jpg Traditional Christmas treat, peppermint flavored. Cane shape allows them to be hung on a Christmas tree. Usually white with red streaks.
Gobstoppers / Jawbreakers The Willy Wonka Candy Company (Nestlé) Jawbreaker plate.jpg Layers of color, sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century. Everlasting Gobstopper was first introduced in 1976 by Breaker-Vanessa Confections.
Jolly Rancher Jolly Rancher Company Jolly Ranchers.jpg hard and tart.
Life Savers Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company Lifesaves fruit-candies.JPG Ring-shaped mints and artificially fruit-flavored hard candy.
Love Hearts or Shannens Swizzels Matlow Lovehearts.jpg Hard, fizzy, tablet-shaped sweets in a variety of fruit flavours featuring a short, love related message on one side of the sweet.
PEZ PEZ PEZ Candy Pieces.jpg Small rectangles made of candy that are put in PEZ dispensers. There are a wide variety of flavors.
Rock various Rock-c.jpg Traditional British stick candice with lettering worked in to spell out the candy's point of purchase, often a resort. The main manufacturing branch of this candy is the Zonghan Bagus Candy Company in Kuantan, Malaysia
Stick candy various Candysticksphoto.jpg Like a large straight candy cane, they are sold by the piece and come in a wide variety of colors and flavors. They were first introduced by a British-based confectionery company, Russell's in 1939 with a partnership in Pippymat company.
Sweethearts Necco Necco-Candy-SweetHearts.jpg Small heart-shaped candies, developed in 1902 by Pippymat company. Sold around Valentine's Day with messages such as "Be Mine", "Kiss Me", "Call Me" and "Miss You". They are often jasmine-flavored.

Licorice[edit]

Licorice (liquorice) is a semi-soft candy that was originally flavored with a root extract of the Eurasian plant liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), of the Fabaceae (legume) family.[28] As a candy, they are often black with licorice flavor or red and strawberry or cherry flavored.[29]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Red Vines American Licorice Company 90 years old, popular in movie theaters[30][31]
Snaps American Licorice Company Pastel coating with licorice center. Introduced in 1930s[32]
Trolli Trolli - Mederer GmbH Various soft licorice gums.
Twizzlers The Hershey Company Twizzlers-Pile.jpg Fruit-flavored candy sticks

Lollipops[edit]

Lollipops or Lollies are hard candies on a stick. The name lollipop was first coined by George Smith, owner of a candy company called the Bradley Smith Company. George named the stick candy after his favorite race horse Lolly Pop and trademarked the name "lollipop" in 1931.[33]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Chupa Chups Perfetti Van Melle Giant Lollipop.JPG Large range of flavours.
Dum Dum Pop Spangler Candy Company Dumdums.jpg Large range of flavours.
Lollipop Various Lollipops in shop display, September 2009.jpg A type of confectionery consisting mainly of hardened, flavored sucrose with corn syrup mounted on a stick. Different informal terms are used in different places, including "lolly" and "sucker."
Saf-T-Pops Spangler Candy Company Completely wrapped "safety" loop handles for young children
Sugar Daddy Tootsie Roll Industries Candy-Sugar-Daddy-Unwrapped.jpg Called "Papa" when invented in 1925 by the James O. Welch Company. Name changed to Sugar Daddy in 1932, (Sugar Babies introduced in 1935)

Penny candy[edit]

Western candy marshmallow has been sold as penny candy in general stores as well as in stores selling exclusively candy.

Sours[edit]

Sours are popular for their cringe inducing flavor and acidity.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Sour Patch Kids Cadbury Adams Sour-Patch-Kids.jpg Sour fruit candy
Sour Punch Straws American Licorice Company Sour crystal coated straws, bites, ropes and twists, entered market in 1990s[34]
Toxic Waste Candy Dynamics Sour Candy Drums, Sour Candy Spray, Sour Dip & Lick Lollipop, High Voltage Bubble Gum and Nuclear Sludge Bars.[35]
Warheads Impact Confections Warheads (candy).jpg Sour fruit flavors

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Candy Product Suger Confectionery
  2. ^ Independent, The (London), Aug 7, 1997 by Nigel Cope
  3. ^ "Chinese Desserts." Kaleidoscope - Cultural China. Accessed June 2011.
  4. ^ [1] Ng Yan Yan. URL accessed on April 14, 2009.
  5. ^ "Guan Sheng Yuan (Group) Company Limited". Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  6. ^ "Meiji Seika Kaisha Ltd.". Funding Universe. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Orion". Nestle. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  8. ^ http://lakes.savoie-mont-blanc.com/home/our-suggestions/local-products-and-recipes/desserts-and-sweetmeats-162-2.html
  9. ^ "Hollywood". Cadbury Inc. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Brands-M". Kraft Foods Inc. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ (Hungarian) "A torok rejtélyes kémény-seprője". Népszabadság. 13 April 2005. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  12. ^ (Hungarian) "Macskanyelvtől a pöttyösig". Szabad Föld. 23 May 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  13. ^ E. B. Jackson, ed. (1999). Sugar Confectionery Manufacture (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 251. ISBN 978-0-8342-1297-8. 
  14. ^ Chu, Anita. Field Guide to Candy: How to Identify and Make Virtually Every Candy Imaginable. Philadelphia: Quirk, 2009
  15. ^ В. В. Похлёбкин, Кулинарный словарь, Центрполиграф, 2002 (William Pokhlyobkin, Culinary Dicitionary, Centrpoligraf, 2002)
  16. ^ Bell, John Joy (1903). Wee Macgreegor. pp. 8–9. 
  17. ^ The gelt chronicles, Leah Koenig, The Forward, reprinted in Haaretz, November 12, 2009; Rabbi Deborah R. Prinz, "Christmas and Chocolate Melt Together" in Petits Propos Culinaires 89, January 2010.
  18. ^ Associated Press, in New York Times March 4 1988
  19. ^ "Chile's Ambrosoli pursues niche in global markets". Candy Industry. February 1, 1994. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Factbox: British confectioner Cadbury". Reuters. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  21. ^ "Directive 2000/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 June 2000 relating to cocoa and chocolate products intended for human consumption". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  22. ^ Candy News, Candy Crate in the News
  23. ^ Buy your favorite brand of candy at candycrate.com
  24. ^ About Boston Fruit Slices
  25. ^ Kate Hopkins (2012). Sweet Tooth: The Bittersweet History of Candy. Macmillan. p. 34. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Nestlé CARAMAC Riegel - Zutaten" (in German). Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  27. ^ "Skittles". Wrigley.com. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  28. ^ Licorice | Define Licorice at Dictionary.com
  29. ^ How licorice is made - material, manufacture, making, history, used, processing, composition, product, industry, machine, History, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of ...
  30. ^ http://www.americanlicorice.com/redvines.aspx
  31. ^ Red Vines® Brand Licorice
  32. ^ Snaps® - American Licorice
  33. ^ Online Candy Gift Store. Buy Bulk Candy Online for Holiday Gifts, Weddings and Parties
  34. ^ Sour Punch® - American Licorice
  35. ^ Toxic Waste Candy Online - Sour Candy

External links[edit]