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"Candy Darling on her Deathbed" by Peter Hujar
|Born||James Lawrence Slattery
November 24, 1944
Forest Hills, Queens, New York, U.S.
|Died||March 21, 1974
New York, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
|Cherry Valley Cemetery|
Candy Darling (November 24, 1944 – March 21, 1974) was an American actress, best known as a Warhol Superstar. A trans woman, she starred in Andy Warhol's films Flesh (1968) and Women in Revolt (1971), and was a muse of the protopunk band The Velvet Underground.
Candy Darling was born James Lawrence Slattery in Forest Hills, Queens, child of Theresa Phelan, a bookkeeper at Manhattan's Jockey Club, and James (Jim) Slattery, who was described as a violent alcoholic. There is some conjecture around her year of birth. According to former Warhol associate, Bob Colacello, Candy was born in 1946, while IMDb has listed her year of birth as 1948. Her friend, roommate, and posthumous editor, Jeremiah Newton, states that she was born on November 24, 1944.
Darling's early years were spent in Massapequa Park, Long Island, where she and her mother had moved after her parents divorced. Her half-brother Warren, from Theresa Slattery's first marriage, left home for the U.S. military, leaving Jimmy as the only child. Warren later denied his connection to her.
She spent much of her childhood watching television and old Hollywood movies, from which she learned to impersonate her favorite actresses, such as Joan Bennett and Kim Novak. In 1961 she signed up for a course at the DeVern School of Cosmetology in Baldwin, on Long Island. She claimed to have "learned about the mysteries of sex from a salesman in a local children's shoe store" and finally revealed an inclination towards crossdressing when her mother confronted her about local rumors, which described her as dressing as a girl and frequenting a local gay bar called The Hayloft. In response, Jimmy left the room and reappeared in full feminine attire. Her mother later said that, "I knew then... that I couldn't stop Jimmy. Candy was just too beautiful and talented."
Late at night, Darling would often take a short taxi ride to the LIRR train station, avoiding the attention of neighbors she would receive if she walked. There she would take the train to Manhattan, frequently sitting across from Long Island starlet Joey Heatherton. Once there, she referred to her Cape Cod-style home, at 79 First Avenue in Massapequa Park, as her "country house" and hung out in Greenwich Village, meeting people through the circle of Seymour Levy, on Bleecker Street.
Darling met Jeremiah Newton in the summer of 1966. Newton was on his first trip to the Village from his home in Flushing, Queens. The two would become friends and roommates, living together in Manhattan and Brooklyn until the time of Darling's death in 1974.
Her first assumed name was Hope Slattery. According to Bob Colacello, Darling adopted this name sometime in 1963/1964 after she started going to gay bars in Manhattan and making visits to a doctor on Fifth Avenue for hormone injections. Jackie Curtis stated that Candy adopted the name from a well-known Off-Off Broadway actress named Hope Stansbury, with whom she lived for a few months in an apartment behind the Caffe Cino so that she could study her. Holly Woodlawn remembers that Darling's name evolved from Hope Dahl to Candy Dahl and then to Candy Cane. Jeremiah Newton believed she adopted her forename out of a love for sweets. In her autobiography, Woodlawn recalled that Darling had adopted the name because a friend of hers affectionately called her "darling" so often that it finally stuck.
The Warhol years
Before they met, in 1967, Darling saw Andy Warhol at the after-hours club called The Tenth of Always. Candy was with Jackie Curtis, who invited Warhol to a play that she had written and directed, called Glamour, Glory and Gold, starring Darling, as "Nona Noonan", and a young Robert De Niro, who played six parts in the play. It was performed at Bastiano's Cellar Studio on Waverly Place. Taylor Mead brought Warhol to see it and afterwards went to the club Salvation in Sheridan Square, where he was joined by Candy and Curtis at his table.
Warhol cast Darling in a short comedic scene in Flesh (1968) with Jackie Curtis and Joe Dallesandro. After Flesh, Candy was cast in a central role in Women In Revolt (1971). She played a Long Island socialite, drawn into a woman's liberation group called PIGS (Politically Involved Girls), by a character played by Curtis. Interrupted by cast disputes encouraged by Warhol, Women in Revolt took longer to film than its predecessor and went through several title changes before it was released. Darling wanted it called Blonde on a Bum Trip since she was the blonde, while Curtis and Woodlawn told her it was more like "Bum on a Blonde Trip", titles which were both used in the film during Candy's interview scene.
Women in Revolt was first shown at the first Los Angeles Filmex as Sex. Later it was shown as Andy Warhol's Women, an homage to George Cukor. Unable to get a distributor for the film, Warhol rented out the Cine Malibu on East 59th Street and launched the film with a celebrity preview on February 16, 1972. After the screening there was a dinner in Candy's honor at Le Parc Périgord restaurant, on Park Avenue, followed by a party at Francesco Scavullo's townhouse, where they watched TV reviews of the movie, some of which called it "a rip-off", and that it "looked as if it were filmed underwater," and "proves once again that Andy Warhol has no talent. But we knew that since the Campbell's Soup cans."
Among the guests at Darling's party were D.D. Ryan, Sylvia Miles, George Plimpton, Halston, Giorgio di Sant' Angelo and Egon and Diane von Furstenberg. Jackie Curtis stood out in the cold, along with other gate crashers.
The day after the celebrity preview a group of women wearing army jackets, pea coats, jeans and boots and carrying protest signs demonstrated outside the cinema against the film, which they thought was anti-women's liberation. When Darling heard about this, she said, "Who do these dykes think they are anyway?... Well, I just hope they all read Vincent Canby's review in today's Times. He said I look like a cross between Kim Novak and Pat Nixon. It's true - I do have Pat Nixon's nose."
Candy Darling went on to appear in other independent films, including Brand X, by Wynn Chamberlain, Silent Night, Bloody Night, as well as a co-starring role as a victim of trans-bashing in Some of My Best Friends Are...
She also appeared in Klute with Jane Fonda and Lady Liberty with Sophia Loren. In 1971 she went to Vienna to make two films with director Werner Schroeter; The Death of Maria Malibran, and another one that was never released. Her attempt at breaking into the mainstream movie circuit, by campaigning for the leading role in Myra Breckinridge, (1970) led to rejection and bitterness.
Her theatre credits include two Jackie Curtis plays, Glamour, Glory and Gold (1967) and Vain Victory: The Vicissitudes of the Damned (1971), She was also in Tennessee Williams' play, Small Craft Warnings, at the invitation of Williams himself. She starred in the 1973 Off-Broadway revival of The White Whore and the Bit Player, a 1964 play by Tom Eyen. Darling's character, a Hollywood actress known only as "the Whore", was based on Marilyn Monroe. As a review of the play stated, "With her teased platinum hair and practiced pouts, Miss Darling looks like her character and resolutely keeps her acting little-girl-lost. The role-playing aspect works to her advantage. She could, after all, be a male lunatic pretending to be the White Whore."
Illness and death
Darling died of lymphoma on March 21, 1974, aged 29, at the Columbia University Medical Center division of the Cabrini Health Center. In a letter written on her deathbed and intended for Andy Warhol and his followers, Darling said, "Unfortunately before my death I had no desire left for life... I am just so bored by everything. You might say bored to death. Did you know I couldn't last. I always knew it. I wish I could meet you all again."
Her funeral, held at the Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel, was attended by huge crowds, including friends Peter Allen, Pat Ast, Eric Emerson, Maxime de la Falaise, Jane Holzer, Sylvia Miles, Kenneth Jay Lane, and John and Genevieve Waite. Julie Newmar read the eulogy. Darling's brother Warren, not having seen her in years and unaware that she had been living as a woman, was said to have been visibly shaken by her feminine appearance. Darling's birth name was never spoken by the minister or any of the eulogizers. A piano piece was played by Faith Dane. Gloria Swanson was remembered for saluting Darling's coffin.
Candy Darling was cremated, her ashes interred by her friend Jeremiah Newton in the Cherry Valley Cemetery, located in Cherry Valley, New York, a tiny historical village located at the foot of the Catskill Mountains.
|1970||Brand X||Marlene D-Train|
|1971||La Mortadella||Transvestite||Alternative title: Lady Liberty|
|1971||Some of My Best Friends Are...||Karen / Harry|
|1971||Women in Revolt||Candy|
|1972||Der Tod der Maria Malibran|
|1973||An American Family||Herself|
|1974||Silent Night, Bloody Night||Guest|
|2002||The Cockettes||Herself||Archive footage|
|2004||Superstar in a Housedress||Herself||Archive footage|
|2006||Andy Warhol: A Documentary Film||Herself||Archive footage|
|2010||Beautiful Darling||Herself||Archive footage|
Portrayals in film
A feature length documentary on Candy, titled Beautiful Darling, premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival (or Berlinale) in February 2010. The documentary features archival film and video footage, photographs, personal papers, archival audio interviews with Tennessee Williams, Valerie Solanas, Jackie Curtis and Candy's mother, as well as contemporary HD interviews with Holly Woodlawn, Fran Lebowitz, John Waters, Julie Newmar, Peter Beard and Taylor Mead. Chloë Sevigny narrates the film, voicing Candy's private diary entries and personal letters. The film was directed by James Rasin and produced by Jeremiah Newton and Elisabeth Bentley.
Portrayals on stage
Candy was portrayed by Broadway actor Brian Charles Rooney in "Pop!" a musical by Anna K. Jacobs & Maggie-Kate Coleman, at Yale Repertory Theatre, directed by Mark Brokaw (Broadway: After Miss Julie, How I Learned to Drive, etc.): November - December 2009
She was also portrayed by actor Vince Gatton in the off-Broadway production of David Johnston's play "Candy and Dorothy" for which Mr. Gatton received a Drama Desk award nomination.
In popular culture
- Darling is the subject of The Velvet Underground's opening track on their third, and self-titled, album in 1968 with the song "Candy Says", sung by Doug Yule. In 2003, the album was ranked Number 314 on Rolling Stone's "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list.
- Candy was one of several Warhol associates memorialized in Lou Reed's "Walk on the Wild Side" from his 1972 second solo album, Transformer, produced by Mick Ronson and David Bowie. The second stanza was hers.
- In The Rolling Stones song, "Citadel", released in 1967, Candy Darling is mentioned along with her friend Taffy Tits.
- Peter Hujar's photo, "Candy Darling on her Deathbed", was used by Antony and the Johnsons for the cover of their 2005 Mercury Music Prize-winning album I Am a Bird Now.
- Greer Lankton made a bust of Candy that was displayed at the 1995 Whitney biennial.
- An image of her, taken from Women in Revolt, was also featured on the front cover of the 1987 single "Sheila Take a Bow" by the English group The Smiths. The last song on lead singer Morrissey's solo album You Are the Quarry is called "You Know I Couldn't Last," a clear reference to her famous deathbed quote.
- Daniel Ash's first solo album Coming Down has a song called "Candy Darling".
- Candy Darling's letters, sketches and journal entries were compiled into a book titled My Face for the World to See by Hardy Marks publications.
- The song "Queen of War" by French artist Electrosexual features a sample of Candy's voice from the film Flesh, directed by Paul Morrissey.
- In the Swedish movie "Livet är en Schlager", a character named Candy Darling (the sister of the main character played by Björn Kjellman) appears, and who is a transsexual as well. She dies young in the movie, just like the real Candy Darling did.
Sources and further reading
- My Face for the World to See: the Diaries, letters and drawings, Candy Darling, edited by Jeremiah Newton, Hardy Marks Publications 1992, ISBN 0-945367-21-X
- I Shot Andy Warhol, Mary Harron and Daniel Minahan, Bloomsbury 1996, ISBN 0-7475-2995-7
- A Low Life in High Heels, Holly Woodlawn, with Jeff Copeland, St Martin's Press 1991, ISBN 0-312-06429-2
- Popism: the Warhol '60s, Andy Warhol, Hutchinson 1981
- The Life and Death of Andy Warhol, Victor Bockris, 4th Estate 1998, ISBN 1-85702-805-8
- Holy Terror: Andy Warhol close up, Bob Colacello, Cooper Square 2000, ISBN 0-8154-1008-5
- Man Enough to be a Woman, Jayne County
- Beautiful Darling: The Life and Times of Candy Darling Andy Warhol Superstar, film by James Rasin
- Bell, Arthur. "Darling Candy, where were you the night Jean harlow died?", The Village Voice, May 18, 1972. Retrieved June 18, 2009. "The young boy from Forest Hills had to have it for himself. He became Candy Darling."
- Moynihan, Colin. "From the Archives, a Portrait of a Pop-Art Muse", The New York Times, February 24, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- "Candy Darling". warholstars.org. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- "What is the Robert DeNiro Connection?". For Members Only. Retrieved July 1, 2010.[dead link]
- Mel Gussow, "Eyen's 'The White Whore and Bit Player' Arrives", The New York Times, February 6, 1973.
- "Candy Darling Dies; Warhol 'Superstar'", The New York Times, March 22, 1974
- Wiegand, David (July 28, 1997). "Candy's Fairy-Tale `Face' Diaries Reveal Longing For Identity". sfgate.com.
- Lopez, Alfred J., ed. (2012). Postcolonial Whiteness: A Critical Reader on Race and Empire. SUNY Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-791-48372-X.
- Donovan, Janet (May 23, 2011). "'Beautiful Darling' Candy, Born as James". nbcwashington.com. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Doug Kreeger, Randy Harrison, Leslie Kritzer, Brian Charles Rooney, et al. Set for Yale Rep's Pop! - Theater News - October 15, 2009
- "Harrison to Star as Warhol in Yale Rep's POP! Musical; Kreeger, Kritzer Also Cast". Playbill.com. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "The Drowsy Chaperone Leads 2006 Drama Desk Nominations". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Morton, Julia (January 26, 2007). "Greer Lankton, A Memoir". Artnet. Retrieved March 13, 2012.