Canehill Post Office
|Elevation||1,319 ft (402 m)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||76520|
|U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Canehill, Arkansas|
Canehill is an unincorporated community in Cane Hill Township, Washington County, Arkansas, United States. Canehill is on Arkansas Highway 45 about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Fayetteville and 7 miles (11 km) east of the Oklahoma border.
The post office at Canehill is located at (35.910992, -94.3862) and is 1319 feet above sea level.
In 1834, the Cumberland Presbyterians established the first collegiate learning institute in Arkansas, naming it the Cane Hill School, after a nearby geological feature. The current Post Office was opened in 1839 and was originally unnamed. In 1843, it was named Boonsboro, and the town maintained this name throughout the American Civil War. The year of 1862 brought the Battle of Cane Hill, named after the most prominent geological feature in the area. In 1897, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church considered Cane Hill College as the starting point for their "state" college. However, due to the nearby competition from Arkansas Industrial University, the decline of Cane Hill as a population center and its remote location, the Synod decided to open Arkansas Cumberland College in Clarksville, Arkansas, a more centralized location. In 1891, Cane Hill College closed its doors permanently. In 1901, the community's name was changed to the current usage, that of Canehill.