|— Component city —|
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|Congr. district||1st district of Negros Oriental|
|• Mayor||Jimmy Jayme L. Clerigo|
|• Total||170.93 km2 (66.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 ( 770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Canlaon City is a fourth class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 50,627 people. Canlaon is located 168 kilometres (104 mi) north from the provincial capital Dumaguete. It is bordered on the east by Vallehermoso and on the south by Guihulngan.
Canlaon is home to the highest peak in the province, Kanlaon Volcano, which is 2,465 metres (8,087 ft) above sea level at its highest point.
During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army captured Canlaon City in April 1942 right after the Battle of Bataan. The Japanese occupation of the City ended in early 1945 when soldiers from the Eighth United States Army under Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger landed in Negros Island to drive out the Japanese. In liberating Negros Island, they were assisted by newly-formed Philippine Commonwealth military forces & local Negrosanon guerillas who helped in clearing out Japanese pockets of resistance throughout the island. In fact, the honor of liberating Canlaon City from the Japanese went to Philippine Commonwealth soldiers belonging to the 7th, 71st, 73rd and 75th Infantry Regiments of the Philippine Army, the 7th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and Negrosanon Guerillas.
The Banyan Tree inside the OISCA Farm is estimated by botanists from Silliman University to be around 1,328 years old. It would take at least 42 men just to encircle its trunk. At the heart of this wide tree trunk is an alcove where lizards, bats and many insects have made it their home. With fireflies lighting it at night like an all-year round Christmas Tree, it is Canlaon City's main tourist attaction.
- Bucalan (East Budlasan)
- Mabigo (Poblacion - Canla-on City)
- Budlasan (West Budlasan)
- Ninoy Aquino
|Population census of Canlaon|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Province: Negros Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Bago, Negros Occidental||San Carlos, Negros Occidental|
|La Carlota, Negros Occidental
La Castellana, Negros Occidental