|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Origin||Buffalo, New York|
|Associated acts||Beyond Death, Blotted Science, Ceremony, Deicide, Eulogy, Hate Eternal, HatePlow, Malevolent Creation, Monstrosity, Nevermore, Paths of Possession, Six Feet Under, Slayer, Solstice, Tirant Sin|
|Past members||Bob Rusay
Cannibal Corpse is an American death metal band from Buffalo, New York. Formed in 1988, the band has released twelve studio albums, two box sets, four video albums and one live album. The band has had little radio or television exposure throughout its career, although a cult following began to build behind the release of their 1991 album Butchered at Birth, and 1992 album Tomb of the Mutilated. Both albums achieved worldwide sales of one million copies by 2003, including 558,929 in the United States, making them the all-time top-selling death metal band in the country.
The members of Cannibal Corpse were originally inspired by thrash metal bands like Slayer and Kreator, as well as other death metal bands such as Morbid Angel, Autopsy and Death. The band's album art (most often by Vincent Locke) and lyrics, drawing heavily on horror fiction and horror films, are highly controversial. At different times, several countries have banned Cannibal Corpse from performing within their borders, or have banned the sale and display of original Cannibal Corpse album covers.
Cannibal Corpse was established 1988 by members from earlier Buffalo-area death metal bands; Beyond Death (Webster, Owen), Leviathan (Barnes), and Tirant Sin (Barnes, Rusay, Mazurkiewicz). The band played their first show at Buffalo's River Rock Cafe in March 1989, shortly after recording a five-song demo tape, Cannibal Corpse. Within a year of that first gig, the band was signed to Metal Blade Records, apparently after the label had heard their demo that was sent in by the manager of the record store at which Chris Barnes was working, and their full-length debut album, Eaten Back to Life, was released in August 1990.
The band has had many line-up changes over the years. In 1993, founding member and guitarist Bob Rusay was dismissed from the group (after which he became a golf instructor) and was ultimately replaced by Malevolent Creation guitarist Rob Barrett. In 1995, during recording sessions for a new album, singer Chris Barnes was dismissed and was replaced by Monstrosity singer George "Corpsegrinder" Fisher. Barnes went on to perform with the band Six Feet Under, and later Torture Killer.
In 1997, Barrett, who had originally replaced Rusay on guitar, left Cannibal Corpse to rejoin his previous bands Malevolent Creation and Solstice. After Barrett left, he was replaced by guitarist Pat O’Brien, who first appeared on Cannibal Corpse's 1998 release Gallery of Suicide. Founding member and guitarist Jack Owen left Cannibal Corpse in 2004 to spend more time on his second band, Adrift. He joined Deicide in late 2005. Jeremy Turner of Origin briefly replaced him as second guitarist on 2004's Tour of The Wretched Spawn. Barrett rejoined the band in 2005 and was first featured on the album Kill, released in March 2006.
Writing for the next album began in November 2007, as presaged in an interview with bassist Alex Webster. Evisceration Plague, Cannibal Corpse's eleventh studio album was released February 3, 2009, to a highly positive response from fans. They also released a live DVD in 2011 entitled Global Evisceration. Cannibal Corpse has finished recording a new album, entitled Torture, which was released on March 13, 2012.
Controversy and publicity
In May 1995, then-US Senator Bob Dole accused Cannibal Corpse—along with hip hop acts including the Geto Boys and 2 Live Crew—of undermining the national character of the United States. A year later, the band came under fire again, this time as part of a campaign by conservative activist William Bennett, Senator Joe Lieberman, then-Senator Sam Nunn, and National Congress of Black Women chair C. Delores Tucker to get major record labels—including Time Warner, Sony, Thorn-EMI, PolyGram and Bertelsmann—to "dump 20 recording groups...responsible for the most offensive lyrics."
Cannibal Corpse also had a brief cameo in the 1994 Jim Carrey film Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, performing an abridged version of their song "Hammer Smashed Face". In the credits, they are mistakenly listed as Cannibal Corpses.
- For more details on this topic, see Censorship in Australia.
As of October 23, 1996, the sale of any Cannibal Corpse audio recording then available was banned in Australia and all copies of such had been removed from music shops. At the time, the Australian Recording Industry Association and the Australian Music Retailers Association were implementing a system for identifying potentially offensive records, known as the "labelling code of practice".
All ten of Cannibal Corpse's albums, as well as the live album Live Cannibalism, the boxed set 15 Year Killing Spree, the EP Worm Infested, and the single "Hammer Smashed Face", were re-released in Australia between 2006 and 2007, or finally classified by ARIA and allowed for sale in Australia. However, they are all "Restricted", and only sold to those over 18 years of age. Some are sold in "censored" and "uncensored" editions, which denotes the change of cover art. Despite this, when displayed in some stores, even the "uncensored" editions are censored manually.
After discussion of banning them from touring, Australian comedy act The Chaser did a lounge music version of their song "Rancid Amputation" on their show The Chaser's War on Everything, claiming that the music, and not the lyrics are the problem, by performing a lounge music version.
All Cannibal Corpse albums up to (and including) Tomb of the Mutilated were banned upon release from being sold or displayed in Germany due to their graphic cover art and disturbing lyrics; the band was also forbidden to play any songs from those albums while touring in Germany. This prohibition was not lifted until June 2006. In a 2004 interview, George Fisher attempted to recall what originally provoked the ban:
A woman saw someone wearing one of our shirts, I think she is a schoolteacher, and she just caused this big stink about it. So [now] we can't play anything from the first three records. And it really sucks because kids come up and they want us to play all the old songs — and we would — but they know the deal. We can't play 'Born in a Casket' but can play 'Dismembered and Molested.'—
Responses to critics
Cannibal Corpse prides itself on overtly violent-themed songs and album artwork, which it sees as nothing more than an extreme form of over-the-top entertainment. In the film Metal: A Headbanger's Journey, George Fisher said death metal is best viewed "as art", and claimed that far more violent art can be found at the Vatican, saying that such depictions actually happened. Some of Cannibal Corpse's most controversial song titles include "Meat Hook Sodomy", "Entrails Ripped from a Virgin's Cunt", "Necropedophile", "Stripped, Raped, and Strangled," and "Fucked with a Knife".
Of their music, George Fisher once said in an interview: "We don't sing about politics. We don't sing about religion...All our songs are short stories that, if anyone would so choose they could convert it into a horror movie. Really, that's all it is. We like gruesome, scary movies, and we want the lyrics to be like that. Yeah, it's about killing people, but it's not promoting it at all. Basically these are fictional stories, and that's it. And anyone who gets upset about it is ridiculous."
In response to accusations that his band's lyrics desensitize people to violence, Alex Webster argued death metal fans enjoy the music only because they know the violence depicted in its lyrics is not real:
"I think people probably aren't that desensitized to it, you know including myself, like you know, we sing about all this stuff and you watch a movie where you know it's not real and it's no big deal, but if you really saw someone get their brains bashed in right in front of you, I think it would have a pretty dramatic impact on any human being you know what I mean? Or some terrible, gross act of violence or whatever done right in front of you, I mean you'd react to it, no matter how many movies you've watched or how much gore metal you've listened to or whatever, I'm sure it's a completely different thing when it's right in front of you. Even though we've got crazy entertainment now, our social realities are actually a bit more civilized than they were back then, I mean we're not hanging people or whipping them in the street and I think that's positive improvement for any society in my opinion."—
He also believes the violent lyrics can have positive values: "It's good to have anger music as a release."
George Fisher said of their songs "There's nothing ever serious. We're not thinking of anybody in particular that we're trying to kill, or harm or anything."
- Studio albums
- Eaten Back to Life (1990)
- Butchered at Birth (1991)
- Tomb of the Mutilated (1992)
- The Bleeding (1994)
- Vile (1996)
- Gallery of Suicide (1998)
- Bloodthirst (1999)
- Gore Obsessed (2002)
- The Wretched Spawn (2004)
- Kill (2006)
- Evisceration Plague (2009)
- Torture (2012)
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- "It's Official: Cannibal Corpse Are the Top-Selling Death Metal Band of the Soundscan Era". blabbermouth.net. November 17, 2003. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- "Dawn with Alex Webster". The Metal Web!. 2006. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
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- Weinraub, Bernard (June 1, 1995). "Films and Recordings Threaten Nation's Character, Dole Says". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved February 6, 2009. Although the article seems to imply that Cannibal Corpse is a "rap group" rather than a metal band, it is one of the few reliable sources on the Internet for Dole's exact words.
- Philips, Chuck; Salem-Fitzgerald, D. J. (May 31, 1996). "Rap foes put 20 artists on a hit list". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- Sinnet, Natasha (October 23, 1996). "Censorship and heavy metal". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "How it works". What music is your child listening to?. Australian Recording Industry Association. March 2003. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "Labelling Guidelines". Labelling code of practice for recorded music containing potentially offensive lyrics and/or themes. Australian Music Retailers Association. March 2003. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "Level 3 Product: 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2007". Labelled Titles. Australian Recording Industry Association. April 1, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "Cannibal Corpse Lounge Music". YouTube.
- Watson, Tyler. "Reviews of Cannibal Corpse's 'Tomb of the Mutilated' (1992)". tombofthemutilated.net. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2009.[dead link]
- Falina, Melanie (February 2004). "Cannibal Corpse Just Wants to Sing About Ripping Apart Human Flesh in Peace". Chicago INNERVIEW. Innerview Media, Inc. Archived from the original on March 11, 2009. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Metal: A Headbanger's Journey (2005, Sam Dunn, director)
- Steve Huey. "Cannibal Corpse biography". allmusic.com. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
- Fisher, Mark (January 2004). "Interview: George 'Corpsegrinder' Fisher - 2004". Mark's Record Reviews. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Wilschick, Aaron (February 15, 2007). "Cannibal Corpse: Interview with bassist Alex Webster". puregrainaudio.com. PureGrain Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- "Cannibal Corpse — Alex Webster and George 'Corpsegrinder' Fisher". Way Too Loud!. Xtremely Media. October 23, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
- Van Pelt, Doug (April 2004). "What Cannibal Corpse Says". HM: The Hard Music Magazine. HM Magazine.