Cannock

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Cannock
Market Place, Cannock - geograph.org.uk - 202759.jpg
Market Place
Cannock is located in Staffordshire
Cannock
Cannock
 Cannock shown within Staffordshire
Area  9.24 km2 (3.57 sq mi)
Population 29,018 (2011 Census)
   – density  3,140 /km2 (8,100 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SJ980101
District Cannock Chase
Shire county Staffordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANNOCK
Postcode district WS11
Dialling code 01543
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Cannock Chase
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire

Coordinates: 52°41′17″N 2°01′44″W / 52.688°N 2.029°W / 52.688; -2.029

Cannock (/ˈkænək/) population 29,018[1] at the 2011 census, is the most populous of three towns in the district of Cannock Chase in the central southern part of the county of Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England.

Cannock lies to the north of the West Midlands conurbation on the M6, A34 and A5 roads, and to the south of Cannock Chase, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Cannock is served by a railway station on the Chase Line. The town comprises four district council electoral wards and the Cannock South ward includes the civil parish of Bridgtown, but the rest of Cannock is unparished.

Cannock forms part of the Cannock Built-up Area (population 86,121 in the 2011 census)[2] which also includes Cheslyn Hay, Great Wyrley, Hednesford, Huntington, Heath Hayes and Wimblebury.[3]

History[edit]

Cannock was called Chenet in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was called Chnoc c.1130, Cnot in 1156, Canot in 1157, and Canoc in 1198. Cannock is probably Old English cnocc meaning 'hillock', modified by Norman pronunciation by the insertion of a vowel to Canoc. The name may refer to Shoal Hill, north-west of the town.[4]

Cannock was a small rural community until mining increased heavily during the mid-to-late 19th century. The area then continued to grow rapidly with many industries coming to the area because of its proximity to the Black Country and its coal reserves. Cannock's population continued to increase steadily in the 20th century and its slight fall since the 1981 census has been more than compensated for by house-building in the adjoining village of Heath Hayes. The last colliery to close in the town was Mid Cannock in 1967,[5] and the last remaining colliery to close in the Cannock Chase area was Littleton (in Huntington) in 1993.[6] There is now no heavy industry in the area, and Cannock is home to many commuters working in the surrounding towns and cities.

Cannock Chase German war cemetery is located nearby containing 4,885 German military dead from the First and Second World Wars. It is managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Geography[edit]

Cannock is on a south-west facing slope, falling from the highest point on Cannock Chase (244m) at Castle Ring, to about 148m in the town centre and 111m near Wedges Mills. The soil is light with a gravel and clay subsoil, and there are extensive coal measures.

Climate[edit]

Cannock has a moderate, temperate climate. See Penkridge weather station for details of average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1981 and 2010 at the Met Office weather station in Penkridge (around 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Cannock).

Location[edit]

Cannock is about 20 miles by road north-north-west of Birmingham, 70 miles south-south-east of Manchester and 130 miles north-west of London. It is 9 to 10 miles by road from many of the nearest towns and cities (Aldridge, Lichfield, Stafford, Walsall, Willenhall and Wolverhampton), but Hednesford (2 miles), Burntwood and Penkridge (5 miles), Bloxwich and Brownhills (6 miles) and Rugeley (7 miles) are nearer.

Cities and towns below are in upper case. Only a few of the nearest villages are shown.

Demographics[edit]

In the decade to 2011 the number of dwellings rose by 7.8% to 13,152. The ward with the biggest increase (16.1%) was Cannock South.[7][8] Of the town's 12,690 households in the 2011 census, 31.5% were one-person households including 13.9% where that person was 65 or over. 63.6% were one family with no others (9.0% all pensioners, 30.9% married or same-sex civil partnership couples, 12.3% cohabiting couples and 11.3% lone parents).[9] 27.7% of households had dependent children[9] including 5.5% with no adults in employment.[10] 59.3% of households owned their homes outright or with a mortgage or loan.[1]

Of the town's 23,717 residents in the 2011 census aged 16 and over, 33.5% were single (never married), 45.2% married, 0.15% in a registered same-sex civil partnership, 2.6% separated, 10.4% divorced and 8.2% widowed.[11] 33.4% had no formal qualifications and 42.9% had level 2+ qualifications (meaning 5+ GCSEs (grades A*-C) or 1+ 'A' levels/ AS levels (A-E) or equivalent minimum).[12]

72.7% of the 10,509 men aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 45.1% working full-time, 5.6% working part-time and 12.6% self-employed. The male unemployment rate (Male unemployment)(of those economically active) was 9.9%.[13] 60.7% of the 10,724 women aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 26.8% working full-time, 23.5% working part-time and 3.1% self-employed. The female unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 7.5%.[14]

Of people in employment aged 16 to 74, 13.5% worked in basic industries (ONS categories A, B, and D-F including 11.1% in construction), 14.2% in manufacturing, and 72.2% in service industries (ONS categories G-U including 19.5% in wholesale and retail trade and vehicle repair, 11.6% in health and social work, 7.4% in education, 6.2% in transport and storage, 5.8% in public administration, 5.6% in accommodation and catering, and 4.7% in administrative and support service activities).[15] While 27.7% of households did not have access to a car or van,[16] 76.1% of people in employment travelled to work by car or van.[17]

75.5% of residents described their health as good or very good.[1] The proportion who described themselves as White British was 95.6%, with all white ethnic groups making up 97.4% of the population. The ethnic make-up of the rest of the population was 1.0% mixed/multiple ethnic groups, 0.69% Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi, 0.34% Chinese, 0.17% other Asian, 0.35% Black and 0.065% other.[18] 3.1% of Cannock's residents were born outside the United Kingdom.[19]

The responses to the voluntary question "What is your religion?" were 'No religion' (24.8%), Christian (68.3%), Buddhist (0.13%), Hindu (0.10%), Jewish (0.02%), Muslim (0.26%), Sikh (0.36%), and other religion (0.24%). 5.8% gave no answer.[20]

Amenities[edit]

Cannock has a reasonably sized town centre which includes some well known high street names. It also has outdoor and indoor markets and a shopping centre, however some of Cannock's other shopping facilities are to be found in out of town locations such as Longford Island Retail Estate and the Orbital Retail Park.

Cannock has a choice of nightclubs and bars, including Missoula (formerly Stones), Silks, Bank Bar & Lounge, Piques, Courtyard (formerly Academy), Bar 77, Ubar, and Bar Sport, as well as several traditional pubs dotted around the town centre including the White Hart, The Royal Oak and Wetherspoons. There are also many restaurants, gastro pubs, and fast food establishments offering a wide choice of food.

Cannock has a leisure centre which contains a swimming pool and other sporting facilities. It also has an ice rink, Silverblades, although this is a small rink compared to other larger rinks to be found at Telford and Solihull. It also has a two-screen cinema which was renovated several years ago as part of an on-going attempt at redeveloping this part of the town centre, and again in 2013 following a change of ownership.

Media[edit]

Cannock has a free weekly local newspaper, the Cannock & Rugeley Chronicle (an edition of the Cannock & Lichfield Chronicle).[21] Another free weekly, the Chase Post (an edition of the Cannock Chase & Burntwood Post),[22] ceased publication in November 2011.[23]

The Express & Star is a paid-for local newspaper, published in Wolverhampton on weekdays.[24]

Hyperlocal website ConnectCannock delivers local news via the internet, and also provides a business directory

Televised local news is provided through Midlands Today and Central Tonight, which also serve the wider area of the West Midlands.

Cannock is served by the national radio stations, and West Midlands "regional" licences Planet Rock, Smooth Radio West Midlands and Heart West Midlands. The town is also covered by Free Radio Black Country and Shropshire on 97.2, BBC WM on 95.6 FM, and can also receive a good to marginal signal from Signal 1 on 96.9 from Pye Green, but this is directional to cover Stafford.

Community radio[edit]

Cannock is served by its own community radio station, which is about to launch, called Cannock Radio. It is based in Kingston Court, opposite Cannock Cinema, and its tagline is 'Truly Local Radio'. Cannock Radio can be contacted on Facebook at facebook.com/radiocannock and on Twitter at twitter.com/cannockradio, and its website is at www.cannockradio.com.

Transport[edit]

Cannock is located close to the M6, M6 toll and M54 motorways. There is an extensive network of local buses radiating out from Cannock town centre. The town's main bus operator is Arriva Midlands, who operate the majority of services to and from Cannock bus station.

Cannock railway station closed in 1965 as part of the Beeching Axe. It reopened in 1989 and is part of the Rugeley - Cannock - Walsall - Birmingham line operated by London Midland. There are two trains per hour from the station to Rugeley, Walsall, and Birmingham. The journey time to Birmingham is around 45 minutes.

Sports[edit]

Cannock Hockey Club is one of the leading field hockey clubs in England, and supplies England internationals.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Cannock Chase High School is a non-denominational mixed comprehensive with just over 1000 pupils aged 11–18.

Cardinal Griffin Catholic High School is a voluntary aided Roman Catholic secondary school with around 950 pupils aged 11–18.

Chase Grammar School (called Lyncroft House School 1980-1996 then Chase Academy until January 2013) is an independent co-educational boarding school with a day nursery as well as over 200 pupils up to age 19.

South Staffordshire College is a further education college which provides courses to students from age 14 up to adults. It was created in 2009 by a merger of Cannock Chase Technical College and centres of further education in Tamworth, Lichfield and Rodbaston.

Notable people[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Sport[edit]

Other[edit]

  • John Kerr Butter (1856–1920), Scottish physician, police surgeon and zoologist who kept a menagerie of exotic animals at his home in Wolverhampton Road
  • Walter Colman (1600–1645), Franciscan friar
  • Paul Dadge (born 1976), pictured iconically during 7 July 2005 London Bombings assisting a casualty.[25]
  • Raymond Furnell (1936–2006), curate of Cannock 1965-69, later dean of York Minster
  • Jennie Lee (1904–1988), MP for Cannock 1945-1970 who, as Minister in the Department of Education and Science, became the driving force for the creation of the Open University[26]
  • Jed Mercurio (born 1966), BAFTA-nominated author, TV & Film Producer. Created popular television series "Cardiac Arrest" and "Bodies". Recent novel "American Adulterer" presented fictional focus on the life of assassinated US president John F Kennedy
  • Vernon Rylands Parton (1897-1974), prolific inventor of chess variants, including Alice Chess
  • William Henry Robinson (1847-1926), novelist and publisher[27]
  • Frank Edward Tylecote CBE (1879–1965), physician, Professor of Medicine at Manchester University, and early researcher into link between smoking and lung cancer
  • Tom Wakefield (1935-1996), novelist[28]

Twin town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Cannock East (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census - Cannock BUA map". ONS. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Nicolaisen, W. F. H.; Gelling, Margaret; Richards, Melville (1970). The names of towns and cities in Britain. London: B. T. Batsford. p. 66. ISBN 0-7134-0113-3. 
  5. ^ "Coal Mining in Cannock Chase a Rough Time Line". Cannock Chase Mining Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  6. ^ "Cannock Chase Coalfield & its Coal". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  7. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
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    "Cannock South (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  8. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Cannock East (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  10. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  11. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  12. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  13. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  14. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  15. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  16. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  17. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  18. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  19. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  20. ^ "Cannock East (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
    "Cannock North (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
    "Cannock South (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
    "Cannock West (Ward): Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  21. ^ "Cannock & Lichfield Chronicle". The Newspaper Society. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  22. ^ "Cannock Chase & Burntwood Post". The Newspaper Society. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  23. ^ "Stafford Post and Chase Post print final editions". BBC News. 2011-11-17. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  24. ^ "West Midlands Express & Star". The Newspaper Society. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  25. ^ "Time Magazine Front Cover (July 18th 2005)". Time Inc. 
  26. ^ "About the OU: History of the OU". The Open University. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  27. ^ "William Henry Robinson". West Midlands Literary Heritage website. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  28. ^ "Tom Wakefield". West Midlands Literary Heritage website. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 

External links[edit]