Looking west towards St. Paul's Cathedral, close to the entrance to Cannon Street station (2006)
|Former name(s)||Candelwrichstrete Street, Candlewick Street, Canwick Street, Cannik Street, Cannin Street|
|Length||0.5 mi (0.8 km)|
|Location||City of London|
|East end||King William Street|
|West end||St. Paul's Churchyard|
Cannon Street is a road in the south of the City of London. It runs roughly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres north of it. It is the site of the ancient London Stone, and of Cannon Street railway station.
The area around Cannon Street was initially the place of residence of the candle makers. The name first appears as Candelwrichstrete Street in 1190.
The name was shortened over 60 times  as a result of the local cockney dialect and settled on Cannon Street in the 17th century. Cannon Street in Birmingham, according to the archives of Birmingham Central Library, is named after the City of London street.
Cannon Street starts at St Paul's Cathedral, and goes east, meeting Queen Victoria Street near Mansion House tube station, passing Cannon Street station, and finally meeting King William Street and Gracechurch Street near Monument tube station.
In the late 19th century Cannon Street was occupied by large wholesale warehouses, especially of cotton goods and other fabrics.
The London Stone, from which it has been suggested distances were measured in Roman times, was originally situated in the middle of Cannon Street. It was later set into the wall of St Swithin's Church, and now rests in a case to the side of the street. The Roman governor's palace Praetorium may also have been located in this area, between the principal street of Roman Londinium and the River Thames. The remains of a very large high status building were found with a garden, water pools and several large halls, some of them decorated with mosaic floors. The plan of the building is only partly preserved, but was erected in the second part of the 1st century and was in use until around 300, rebuilt and renovated several times.
It is the street upon which singer Marc Almond suffered a near fatal crash in 2004 whilst riding pillion on a motorcycle.
Cannon Street formed part of the marathon course of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The women's Olympic marathon took place on 5 August and the men's Olympic marathon on 12 August. The four Paralympic marathons were held on 9 September.
Cannon Street station is served by the District and Circle lines on the London Underground and also by National Rail mainline rail services. The street is also the location of Mansion House tube station, also on the District and Circle lines.
- Loius Zettersten, "City Street Names", (1926)
- Smith, A., Dictionary of City of London Street Names, (1970), David & Charles
- Dickens, Charles, Jr. (1879). "Cannon Street". Dickens's Dictionary of London. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
- City of London Corporation Queen Street public realm
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