Cannonball House (Macon, Georgia)
|Location||856 Mulberry Street
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||71000249|
|Added to NRHP||1971|
The Cannonball House located in Macon, Georgia, United States was constructed in 1853. The house was named the Cannonball House because of cannonball-inflicted damage sustained during the Civil War. The house was built using an authentic Greek revival architectural style and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
The recreated meeting rooms of the Adelphean (ΑΔΙΙ) and Philomathean (ΦΜ) societies (the world's first sororities established at Wesleyan College in 1851 and 1852) can be found on display inside the house. The entire house is furnished to the 1853 period.
The rear of the Cannonball House is occupied by a two-story kitchen built of hand-molded brick. The upper level of this house formerly served as servants' quarters. Few structures of this type remain in the South today. A bronze cannon, forged in 1864 at the Macon Arsenal, can be found on display in front of the Cannonball House.
The house received its name due to a Union cannonball that crashed into it during the Battle of Dunlap Hill on July 30, 1864. The left middle column of the house was destroyed by a cannonball fired from across the Ocmulgee River. According to eyewitnesses, the cannonball went through the column and into the house itself after bouncing off the sand sidewalk in front of the house. Evidence of the impact still remains today and can be seen in the repaired column, parlor plaster and large dent in the hall floor.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- http://www.cannonballhouse.org/index.html, "The Cannonball House", cannonballhouse.org, Accessed: 14/05/2013
- http://www.exploresouthernhistory.com/cannonballhouse.html, "Cannonball House & Confederate Museum - Macon, Georgia", exploresouthernhistory.com, Accessed: 14/05/2013
- www.maconga.org, Cannonball House & Museum", maconga.org, Accessed: 14/05/2013