Canon PowerShot G
|Maximum resolution||See table below|
|Lens||See table below|
|Flash||50cm - 70m (wide), 50cm - 4.0m (tele)|
|Shutter||Mechanical shutter + electronic shutter|
|Shutter speed range||1/1600 – 1 sec. (Auto mode), 1/1600 to 15 sec.
G1 X: 1/4000 – 60 sec. in all modes
|Metering modes||Evaluative, Center-weighted average, Spot (fixed to center)|
|Focus modes||Single, Continuous (only available in Auto mode), Servo AF/AEl|
|ASA/ISO range||Auto, ISO 80 – 3200 (in 1/3-step increments)
G1 X: Auto, ISO 100 – 12800 (1/3-step increments)
|Custom WB||Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Fluorescent H, Flash, Underwater, Custom|
|Rear LCD monitor||See table below|
|Dimensions||See table below|
|Weight||See table below|
The Canon PowerShot G is a series of digital cameras released by Canon. The G series cameras are Canon's flagship compact models aimed at prosumer photography enthusiasts desiring more flexibility than a point-and-shoot without the bulk of a digital single-lens reflex camera.
The G series offers features such as the use of a lithium-ion battery, full manual exposure control, an articulated LCD screen (G7, G9, G10, G15, and G16 have a fixed screen), Raw image format capture (all models except G7), a lens with a wider maximum aperture than standard PowerShot models, remote capture (except G11), and faster image processing. The range also includes a hot shoe (except G7X) for an external flashgun, including Canon's EX range. Three models in the series have larger sensors than most other point-and-shoot cameras (G1X, G1X Mark II, G7X).
G1 to G6
Common features across the early G series were:
- A fast lens (minimum F number of 2.0).
- A flip out and twist LCD, along with a smaller status LCD on the top of the camera.
- Raw image format capture.
- 1/1.8″ CCD sensor.
- Manual selection of aperture and shutter priority.
- Custom white balance.
- Built in flash.
- Hot-shoe for external flash.
- USB connectivity.
- A Compact Flash card slot.
- Availability of optional wide and teleconverter lenses.
- Canon’s proprietary EOS shooting modes, allowing the photographer to select different exposure settings for different environments.
- Included infrared remote control.
- In-built neutral density filter from the G3 onwards.
- Lithium ion battery.
G7 to G12
The G7 marked a major change in the G series. Previous G series models had featured a fast lens, Raw image format capture, and a tilt-and-swivel LCD. These were all considered hallmark features of the G series, but were removed or altered for the G7. Some of the major changes included:
- Introduction of a lens with a minimum F number of 2.8, compared to 2.0 in other G series cameras. Although slower, this lens introduced improvements such as optical image stabilisation, a higher zoom range (6×), and a macro mode that would focus as close as 1 cm. The lens would also retract completely into the camera.
- Change to a fixed LCD rather than a tilt-and-swivel model. The fixed LCD was larger (2.5″ versus 2.0″ on the G6) and increased the number of pixels by 75%. The tilt-and swivel LCD was restored with the G11, but removed again with the G15.
- Removal of RAW image format on G7, but returned for the G9–G15.
- No infrared remote control.
- Change from CompactFlash to SDHC card storage.
- Black, mostly metal, body.
- Canon G12 records videos up to 720p HD quality, G15 1080p HD and G1 X 1080p. G15 and G1 X do allow to use zoom and autofocus during video recording.
Many of the changes made allowed the G7 to be significantly slimmer than previous G series cameras (e.g., the thickness of the G7 is 4.25 cm while the G6 is 7.3 cm), making it more portable.
Canon's removal of RAW shooting support was heavily criticized. DPReview expressed their disappointed with the loss of RAW format, while Luminous Landscape stated that the removal of RAW required too many technical decisions had to be made while shooting instead of during post-processing. RAW support can be enabled on the G7 using a free firmware add-on.
The G9 was released in 2007. Among its features were restored RAW support, a larger LCD screen, and a 1/1.7″ sensor rather than the 1/1.8″ sensor on previous models.
The G11, released in 2009, reintroduced the flip out and twist LCD (2.8″). It also features a lower resolution sensor than that of its predecessor, the G10, because the new CCD favoured low light performance over resolution.
The G1 X was introduced in February 2012 and is a significant step out of the traditional G-line because of its much larger sensor, and it is the first model featuring a CMOS sensor. The G1 X's sensor measures 18.7 x 14.0 mm (1.5"), which makes it even 16 percent bigger than the Micro Four Thirds standard (MFT), and 20 percent smaller than APS-C Canon sensor. The camera is also bigger and heavier than the other G-series cameras, and the zoom range in equivalent 35mm is only 28-112mm (4x). With its maximum aperture over its zoom range being F2.8-5.8, and with its sensor smaller than Canon APS-C sensor, the G1 X camera-lens system can be compared to the APS-C DSLRs using the Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS II SLR Kit Lens: the G1 X is a little faster (wider aperture) at the wide angle and comparable thereafter, but with a longer zoom.
Released at early 2014, the G1 X Mark II has a 13.1-megapixel (in 4:3 aspect ratio), but still 1.5" CMOS sensor as the predecessor, a 24-120mm (5x) f/2-3.9 relatively a fast zoom lens, for better shallow depth of field throughout the maximum-aperture range, and sharp shots even in low light, a DIGIC 6 processor with capability to take 1080/60p MP4 video shoots, but neither optical viewfinder or EVF available and no microphone input and headphone jack.
Although G1 X Mark II sensor is larger than MFT sensor, the Sensor Overall Score of DxO Labs is only 58 points, while the MFT Olympus OM-D E-M10 gets 72 points and the MFT Panasonic DMC-GM1 gets 66 points.
G15 and G16
The G15 marked a return to a lens faster than those of early G cameras. Other features of the G15 include:
- Minimum F number of 1.8 and a maximum of 2.8; the G12 and G1 X had a minimum F number of 2.8
- Pop-up flash button from the top of the camera
- Restoration of 5x optical zoom (the G1 X had reduced optical zoom to 4x).
The G16 shows only minor improvements over the G15, for example:
- faster image processing
- automatic star/star trail photography
- 60 fps HD movies
With the G7X, Canon added its own model to the large-sensor compact camera market. The G7X is Canon's first 1-inch sensor model, and boasts 20.2-megapixels and the DIGIC 6 image processor. Despite this, the camera is still small enough to be pocketable, like its primary competitor, the Sony RX100. It has a 4.2x zoom (24-100mm in 35mm format), a maximum aperture of f/1.8-f/2.8, ISO 12800, Full HD video shooting, 31 AF points, and Wi-Fi/NFC support. It inherits many features from previous G-series cameras, including the comparable G1X Mark II. The camera is the first G-series camera to lack a hot shoe for mounting external flash units.
resolution, size, type
|Lens (35 mm equiv)
||September 2000||3.3 MP
2048 × 1536
|34–102 mm (3×)
|1.8″ vari-angle||CF||120 × 77 × 64||420 g||Initial PowerShot G series model.|
||August 2001||4 MP
2272 × 1704
|121 × 77 × 64||510 g|||
||September 2002||35–140 mm (4×)
|DIGIC||121 × 74 × 70||481 g||Introduction of DIGIC processor. Introduction of internal neutral density filter.|
||June 2003||5 MP
2592 × 1944
||August 2004||7.1 MP
3072 × 2304
|105 × 73 × 73||380 g|||
||September 2006||10 MP
3648 × 2736
|35–210 mm (6×)
|DIGIC III||2.5″ fixed
|SD, SDHC, MMC||106 × 72 × 43||320 g||Introduction of DIGIC III processor. Introduction of a new lens brought a 1 cm macro mode and lens shift optical image stabilisation. Maximum sensitivity of ISO 3200. Face detection auto focus. The only G series camera to lack RAW mode capture. No Compact Flash support.|
||August 2007||12.1 MP
4000 × 3000
|Similar to the G7. Most notable changes were reintroduction of Raw image format capture, a better LCD, and a new sensor.|
||October 2008||14.7 MP
4416 × 3312
|28–140 mm (5×)
|DIGIC 4||3.0″ fixed
|SD, SDHC, MMC, MMC+, HC MMC+||109 × 78 × 46||350 g||Introduced DIGIC 4 and a redesigned wide-angle lens with shorter zoom range. Increased LCD and CCD resolution. New higher-capacity Lithium Ion battery NB-7L.|
||October 2009||10 MP
3648 × 2736
|112 × 76 × 48||355 g||Reduced CCD resolution to 10 MP. Vari-angle screen. Improved noise control – up to ISO 12800 in 2.5 MP resolution. Second curtain sync for flash. Added HDMI Out.
No remote capture support.
||September 2010||112.1 × 76.2 × 48.3||351 g||Adds 720p video recording, front control dial, and Hybrid IS.|
||January 2012||14.3 MP
4352 × 3264
|28–112 mm (4×)
|DIGIC 5||3.0″ vari-angle
|SD, SDHC, SDXC||117 × 81 × 65||492 g||First PowerShot G with CMOS. Introduced DIGIC 5 and a redesigned 4× wide-angle lens. Adds 1080p video recording.|
||September 2012||12 MP
4000 × 3000
|28–140 mm (5×)
|107 × 76 × 40||352 g||Adds a quicker zoom lens (f1.8-2.8 rather than f2.8-4.5) with 'intelligent IS' image stabilization, adds 1080p video recording (24 fps), adds a dedicated movie record button, quicker autofocus, extended ISO range (up to 12800), fixed rather than articulated screen.|
|G16||August 2013||DIGIC 6||109 × 76 × 40||356 g||Adds Wi-Fi and DIGIC 6.|
|G1 X Mark II||February 2014||3:2 12,8 MP
4.352 x 2.904
4:3 13.1 MP
4.160 x 3.120
|24–120 mm (5×)
|3.0″ tilt LCD
|116 x 74 x 66||558 g||Introduced a redesigned 5× wide-angle lens.|
|G7 X||September 2014||20 MP 1″ BSI-CMOS||24–100 mm (4.2×)
|3.0″ tilt LCD
|103 x 60 x 40||304 g||First PowerShot G to not have a hot shoe|
The Powershot G series can employ several photographic accessories:
- Filters and other threaded lens accessories can be used with an adapter tube available from Canon or third party suppliers.
- Close-up lenses
- Wide angle or telephoto converter lenses
Starting from the G7, there is a bayonet mount on the front of the camera around the lens to directly attach lenses and accessories.
Powershot G series cameras have a standard threaded socket for mounting to a monopod or tripod. This can also be used for attaching the camera to various brackets or adapters.
With the hot-shoe for external flash, the Powershot G series can accept not only compatible flash units but also various connecting cords and wireless triggers. However, the Powershot G series is sensitive to the voltage produced by certain flash units, particularly older designs. Canon recommends that the maximum trigger voltage be less than 6 volts for any flash or accessory attached to the hot-shoe.
Flash compatibility is somewhat of an issue with the Powershot G series. Canon EX flashes are compatible but all EX features may not necessarily be usable. In particular, when the Powershot G is in manual exposure mode, the external flash is also in manual mode; that is, ETTL flash control is not operable.
Use by journalists
- Joinson, Simon (November 2006). "Canon PowerShot G7 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Lars Rehm, R Butler, and Andy Westlake. "Canon PowerShot G1 X Review". Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Zach Honig (February 11, 2014). "Canon updates high-end PowerShot lineup with $799 G1 X Mark II".
- Zach Honig (February 13, 2014). "Canon's burly PowerShot G1 X Mark II is a pleasure to use".
- Kevin Carter. "Canon PowerShot G1X II sensor review: Strong contender". Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- Askey, Phil (September 2000). "Canon G1 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Askey, Phil (August 2001). "Canon PowerShot G2 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Askey, Phil (December 2002). "Canon PowerShot G3 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Askey, Phil (July 2003). "Canon PowerShot G5 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Askey, Phil (December 2004). "Canon PowerShot G6 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Joinson, Simon (October 2007). "Canon PowerShot G9 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- Wan, Don (November 2008). "Canon PowerShot G10 Review". Digital Photography Review. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Canon unveils PowerShot G11 high-end compact". Digital Photography Review. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Canon releases PowerShot G12 premium compact". Digital Photography Review. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- "Canon PowerShot G15 hands-on preview". Digital Photography Review. 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- Coomes, Phil (25 March 2011). "John D McHugh on covering protests in Bahrain". Viewfinder a blog about photos in the news. BBC. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- ^"Canon PowerShot G16 Camera Review". Latest Gadget Reviews. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canon PowerShot G.|
- Canon PowerShot G7 – Canon USA website
- Canon PowerShot G9 – Canon USA website
- Canon PowerShot G10 – Canon USA website
- Canon PowerShot G11 – Canon USA website
- Canon PowerShot G12 - Canon USA website
- Canon G11 vs G12
- dpReview of G1 X