Canon de 120mm L mle 1931

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Canon de 12 cm L mle 1931
Openluchtmuseum Atlantikwall kanon 12 cm K 370 23-07-2010 16-04-07.jpg
Type medium field gun
Place of origin Belgium
Service history
In service 1934-45
Used by  Belgium
 Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Cockerill
Manufacturer Cockerill
Number built 24
Weight 5,450 kilograms (12,020 lb)
Barrel length 4.426 metres (14.52 ft) L/37

Shell 21.93 kilograms (48.3 lb)
Caliber 120 mm (4.72 in)
Carriage split trail
Elevation 0° to +38° 30'
Traverse 60°
Rate of fire 1 rpm
Muzzle velocity 760 m/s (2,493 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 17,500 metres (19,100 yd)

The Canon de 12 cm L mle 1931 was a medium field gun used by Belgium in World War II. Captured guns were taken into Wehrmacht service after the surrender of Belgium in May 1940 as the 12 cm K 370(b) where it was generally used on coast defense duties.

It was rather heavy for its size, but had a good range. The split trail had large spades that had to be pounded into the ground to anchor the weapon in place.

See also[edit]


Media related to Canone de 120 L mle 1931 at Wikimedia Commons

  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  • Chamberlain, Peter & Gander, Terry. Heavy Artillery. New York: Arco, 1975 ISBN 0-668-03898-5