Canon de 75 M(montagne) modele 1919 Schneider
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|Cannon de 75M(montagne)modele 1919 Schneider|
A Brazilian Model 1919 gun on display at the Fort Copacabana Museum.
|Place of origin||France|
|Used by|| Brazil
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
|Wars||Chaco War, World War II|
|Manufacturer||Schneider et Cie|
|Weight||Combat: 660 kg (1,455 lbs)
|Shell||6.33 kg (14 lbs)|
|Caliber||75 mm (2.95 in)|
|Elevation||-10° to +40°|
|Muzzle velocity||400 m/s (1,312 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||9,025 m (9,869 yds)|
The Canon de 75 M(montagne) modèle 1919 Schneider (75 mm mle.1919) was a French mountain gun designed as a replacement of the 65 mm mle 1906. The mle 1919 was manufactured by Schneider et Cie and used during World War II. For transport, the gun could be broken down into seven sections. This weapon was used by Brazil, Greece, Paraguay, Poland, and Yugoslavia. When captured by the Germans, the French guns were designated 7.5 cm GebK 237(f); the Yugoslav guns were designated 7.5 cm GebK 283(j); and Polish guns were possibly designated as 7.5 cm GebK M.19(p). (1 - p.16) The gun crew was protected by an armoured shield.
This gun was used by the Hellenic (Greek) Army in the Greek-Italian war from October 1940 - Spring 1941. It was used in divisional service in conjunction with the Schneider 105 mountain gun of 10,5 cm caliber as they called it. Each Greek division had an artillery regiment with 16 mountain 75mm and 8 mountain 105mm guns. A total of 192 Mle 1919 75mm were procured by Greece, that equipped 12 (of 15) divisional artillery regiments.
- In 1923 the Brazilian Army ordered several Schneider Model 1919 75mm Mountain guns. At least 3 of them are now on display at the Fort Copacabana Museum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- Several of the original 24 purchased are still used as gate guardians or expossed at Paraguayan museums, as they served during Chaco War.
- At least one example is exhibited in Hellenic War Museum in Athens, Greece.
- A gun from Nexter collection in St. Chamond is now exhibited in the Musée des Blindés in Saumur.
- A WWI monument near Coligny Caserne in Orléans features this artillery piece.
- Mle 1919/28 is exhibited in the Amis du Musée de l'Artillerie in Draguignan.
- Infantry, Mountain, and Airborne Guns by Peter Chamberlain and Terry Gander, Arco, New York, (1975).
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