|Type||Private company limited by shares|
|Founded||5 March 2004|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Mark Shuttleworth
Jane Silber (CEO)
|Products||Ubuntu, Launchpad, Bazaar, Landscape, Ubuntu One|
|Revenue||$30 million (2009)|
|Subsidiaries||Canonical Group Ltd
Canonical USA Inc.
Canonical China Ltd (Chinese: 科能软件股份有限公司)
Canonical Brasil Ltda
Canonical Canada Ltd
Canonical Ltd Taiwan Br. (Chinese: 英屬曼島商肯諾有限公司臺灣分公司)
References: Formerly "M R S Virtual Development Ltd"
Canonical Ltd. is a UK-based privately held computer software company founded (and funded) by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth to market commercial support and related services for Ubuntu and related projects. Canonical employs staff in more than 30 countries and maintains offices in London, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, São Paulo and the Isle of Man.
Canonical Ltd. has created and continues to back several projects. Principally these are free/open-source software (FOSS) or tools designed to improve collaboration between free software developers and contributors.
Open-source software 
- Ubuntu, a Debian-based Linux distribution with Unity (formerly GNOME) desktop
- Bazaar, a decentralized revision control system
- Storm, an object-relational mapper for Python, part of the Launchpad codebase
- Upstart, an event-based replacement for the init daemon
- Launchpad a centralised website containing several component web applications designed to make collaboration between free software projects easier:
- PPA, a special software repository for uploading software packages to be built and published as an APT repository
- Blueprints, a tool for planning features of software
- Code, hosting of Bazaar branches
- Answers, support tracker
- Rosetta, an online language translation tool to help localisation of software (cf. the Rosetta Stone)
- Malone (as in "Bugsy Malone"), a collaborative bug-tracker that allows linking to other bug-trackers
- Soyuz, a tool for creating custom-distributions, such as Kubuntu and Xubuntu.
Other projects and services 
- Landscape, a proprietary web service for centralized management of Ubuntu systems.
- Ubuntu Single Sign On,
- Ubuntu Software Center,
- Ubuntu One, a service for file synchronization and other uses
- Canonical supplies some of the core engineering to Linaro which invests in upstream projects
- Ubuntu Advantage, In Japan, the support service sales by K.K. Ashisuto.
Business plans 
In a Guardian interview in May 2008, Mark Shuttleworth said that the Canonical business model was service provision and explained that Canonical was not yet close to profitability. Canonical also claimed it will wait for the business to turn into a profitable one within another 3 to 5 years. He regarded Canonical as positioning itself as demand for services related to free software rose. This strategy has been compared to Red Hat's business strategies in the 1990s. However, in an early 2009 New York Times article, Shuttleworth said that Canonical's revenue was "creeping" towards $30 million, the company's break-even point.
In 2007, Canonical launched an International online shop selling support services and Ubuntu branded goods; later in 2008 it expanded that with a United States-specific shop designed to reduce shipment times. At the same time, the word Ubuntu was trademarked in connection with clothing and accessories.
- Canonical Group Ltd is located in the City of Westminster.
- Canonical USA Inc. is located in Lexington, Massachusetts.
- Canonical China Ltd (Chinese: 科能软件股份有限公司) is located in Shanghai.
- Canonical Brasil Ltda is located in São Paulo.
- Canonical Canada Ltd is located in Montreal.
- Canonical Ltd Taiwan Br. (Chinese: 英屬曼島商肯諾有限公司臺灣分公司) is located in Taipei.
Canonical has more than 500 employees. The head office is in London, previously on the 27th floor of Millbank Tower, but now on the 5th Floor of the Blue Fin Building, Southwark Street. In the summer of 2006, Canonical opened an office in Montreal to house its global support and services operation. Taipei 101 is also home to a Canonical office. There is also an OEM team in Lexington, Massachusetts.
Notable current employees of Canonical include:
- Mark Shuttleworth, founder of the Ubuntu project, former Debian maintainer of Apache and founder of Thawte Consulting (2004–). CEO until March 2010.
- Jane Silber, CEO since March 2010; formerly COO and leader of the Ubuntu One project
- Jono Bacon, Ubuntu community leader (2006–)
- Stuart Langridge (2009–)
Notable past employees:
- Ben Collins, former Debian Project Leader and kernel developer (2006–2009)
- Dave Miller, known for Bugzilla, employee no. 1 (2004)
- Jeff Waugh, employee no. 3, GNOME and Planet aggregator developer, Business Development (2004–2006)
- Benjamin Mako Hill, core developer and community coordinator (2004–2005)
- Ian Jackson, developer of dpkg and former Debian Project Leader (2005–2007)
- Lars Wirzenius, first contributor to the Linux kernel and Linus Torvalds' former office mate (2007–2009)
- Scott James Remnant, formerly a Debian and GNU maintainer of GNU Libtool and co-author of the Planet aggregator (2004–2011).
- Matt Zimmerman, formerly of the Debian security team. Worked at Canonical as Ubuntu Chief Technical Officer (2004–2011).
- John D. Bernard, was responsible for all major marketing deployments (2009–2012)
- The Isle of Man Companies Registry, Annual Return 2005 for Company no. 110334C (non-distributable, available for a fee of £1.00)
- Vance, Ashlee (2009-01-11). "Ubuntu and its Leader Set Sights on the Mainstream". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- "About Canonical". Canonical Ltd. Retrieved 2012-08-20. "We've come a long way since our launch in 2004. We now have over 500 staff in more than 30 countries, and offices in London, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, São Paulo and the Isle of Man."
- "Canonical Group Limited". Companies House. Retrieved 2010-01-07. "Company No. 06870835"
- "Company no. 110334C". The Isle of Man Companies Registry. Retrieved 2005-05-18. "[ Previous names: ] M R S VIRTUAL DEVELOPMENT LIMITED [ Name type: ] PREVIOUS"
- UK registered trademark #EU004059218 "CANONICAL", filed 2004–09–29.
- UK registered trademark #EU004059119 "UBUNTU", filed 2004–09–29.
- UK registered trademark #EU005152467 "BAZAAR", filed 2006–06–21.
- Canonical Releases Storm as Open Source
- UK registered trademark #EU006251219 "LAUNCHPAD", filed 2007–09–04.
- "Canonical releases source code for Launchpad". Canonical Ltd. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- UK registered trademark #EU005152418 "LANDSCAPE", filed 2006–06–21, published 2007–08–06.
- Moody, Glyn (2008-05-22). "'Linux is a platform for people, not just specialists'". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
- Shankland, Stephen. Canonical seeks profit from free Ubuntu, C|NET, 2006-10-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-19.
- "A Software Populist Who Doesn’t Do Windows". The New York Times. 2009-01-11. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Canonical launches U.S.-based shop.ubuntu.com in time for holiday season". Canonical Ltd. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-02-09. "an U.S.-based on-line shop for Ubuntu-branded merchandise and software. With a new fulfillment house in St. Louis, Missouri, shipments are faster and less expensive"
- "UK registered trademark #EU007426265". UK Intellectual Property Office. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-02-09. "Mark text: UBUNTU ... Class 16: Stationery; ... Class 18: Luggage; ... Class 25: Articles of clothing ... CANONICAL LIMITED"
- http://bazaar-vcs.org/SprintLondonMay07 ("Where?")
- "UBuntu for Android". Canonical Ltd. Retrieved 2012-02-21. "We have over 500 staff in more than 30 countries, with offices in London, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, and São Paulo."
- Remnant, Scott James, Leaving Canonical, accessed 2011-01-22
- "Matt Zimmerman leaving Canonical". 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2013-04-07.